Piaget developed the theory of cognitive development to examine how children develop their thinking and reasoning when facing problems with the world around them at different ages. This essay critically analyses Piaget’s cognitive development theory. The aim of discussion is to investigate how Piaget’s theory is applied to young children in primary school learning areas and to discuss the strengths and implications of the theory that have an effect on developing an educational pedagogy. Firstly, the key processes of Piaget’s theory are explained and the connections it has with the development and learning of children. The discussion continues with how the concepts advise your developing educational pedagogy.
Piaget’s Theory Piaget’s cognitive development theory analyses the growth of children’s development for thinking and intellectual. In fact, American Psychological Association (2015) refers to cognitive development as the ‘The development of processes of knowing, including imagining, perceiving, reasoning, and problem solving’. This essay analyses Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. In addition to this, Piaget’s key concepts will be discussed which include; children and young people construct their own knowledge, individuals possess their own mental templates, equilibration and the stages of cognitive development that children and young people undertake will be investigated. Further to this, a critical reflection will be constructed
The Nature- Nurture Debate The Nature-Nurture debate is the thought provoking dispute which explains the development of a child in relation to the biological factors: genetic inheritance (Nature), and the acquirement of knowledge in life, which means that the child learns through watching the behavior of other humans. The nature and nurture side both propose great ideas for explaining development in each of the domains. The cognitive development which is “how the mind processes, stores and retrieves information” (Mhic Mhathúna & Taylor, 2012S p.17), motor-physical development which is how a child develops physically with fine/ gross motor skills and socio-emotional development which is “the child’s experience, expression and management of
This assignment’s compilation serves the purpose of critically discussing the importance of primary school educators’ ability to understand theories of child development and their use within Intermediate phase education. Children perceive information in altered manners at particular stages of their development; this will be discussed further in this essay. Theories include Behaviourism, Constructivism and Cognitivism. It is imperative for educators to be aware of the theories that are applicable to the children they interact with, thus allowing them to provide information and activities for the learners in numerous manners to aid their development. The Behaviourists believed that our behaviour is shaped by the environment.
These methods provide learning processes in various educational situations. The field of educational psychology involves conceptualizing new strategies for learning processes in humans. The theories of memory, information processing, and individual differences are some studies that this field is built upon. It is truly and really concerned with the study of human behavior or human personality, its growth, development, guidance under the social process of education. This behavioral science deals with the discipline concerned with teaching and learning processes.
Changes or conflict in any one layer will ripple throughout other layers. To study a child’s development then, we must look not only at the child and her immediate environment, but also at the interaction of the larger environment as well. American psychologist, Urie Bronfenbrenner, formulated the Ecological Systems Theory to explain how the inherent qualities of a child and his environment interact to influence how he will grow and develop. Through the Bronfenbrenner Ecological Theory, Bronfenbrenner stressed the importance of studying a child in the context of multiple environments, also known as ecological systems in the attempt to understand his development. A child typically finds himself simultaneously enmeshed in different ecosystems, from the most intimate home ecological system moving outward to the larger school system and the most expansive
Cognitive development covers the development of a child’s thinking, and includes sensory development, concept formation, problem solving, memory and concentration, the development of creativity and imagination. Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are two of the main psychologists whose work in this area has been the foundation of much research in cognitive psychology. A common understanding between the two rest on the idea that cognitive development in children occurs through stages, nonetheless, their recognition of these stages vary. Jean Piaget and his contributions to cognitive development was one of the major breakthroughs in psychology. He was progressively inspired by behaviourisms and started to research and examine the subject even further.
These theories provided inspiration and knowledge for future theorists’ like Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, who have become notable theorists in the area of cognitive development. Both of their theories have influenced educational pedagogy, and the fundamental premises of these theories can be observed in classrooms around the world. Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Piaget’s theory of cognitive development proposes stages of biological maturation as the basis for how children experience and interact with their environment and that children must progress through each stage before moving to the next. The stages in Piaget’s theory of cognitive development are the following: sensorimotor (0-2 years), pre-operational (2-7 years), concrete operational (7-11 years), and formal operational (11- adulthood). Within his theory, he uses the term “schemas” to describe the mental models for the different aspects of the
This is then followed by the connections between the key concepts and the cognitive development of children which will an educator’s developing pedagogy. Finally, an outline of the strengths and outlines of Piaget 's theory. The significant Piaget’s key concepts to understand children’s learning and development: Jean Piaget formulated a model which determined a way of how a human’s mind gathers and organises information. Bormanaki and Khoshhal (2017 pg997) state "according to Piaget 's research; human beings have two basic tendencies of thinking." The first tendency is an organisation which is “ongoing process of arranging information and experience into mental systems or categories” (Woolfolk, Margetts 2016 pg81).
Adhyayan) .The study revealed: Karma Yoga was the base of Gandhi’s educational philosophy. As per Gandhi, to make good character was the motive of education. Gandhi was very affected by ideallistic thought of Indian culture; he was in against to western materialism. Annie Besant & Gandhi dedicated their live to their service of planning through education; they taught the message of humanism socialism through their institutions Educational programmes (Vaid, 1985). Annie Besant & Gandhi both have separate methods to synthesize eastern educational philosophy with custom, science and culture.