Cognitive Development: Four Stages Of Child Development

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INTRODUCTION The study of human development is a rich and varied subject. We all have personal experience with development, but it is sometimes difficult to understand how and why people grow, learn, and act as they do. There are plenty of countless reasons to learn more about human growth. Throughout human life span, there will be different variations. These variations are known as development of human growth. It begins from birth and ends with death. Developmental psychologists study a large variety of theoretical areas, such as biological, social, emotion, and cognitive developments. If we are specializing in education field, various background awareness of how people grow and change throughout life is important. Moreover to expand a better…show more content…
In general Paige’s theory stresses conscious mental processes. Cognitive processes are influenced by biological maturation .Four stages of cognitive development in children. Assimilation and accommodation underlie how children understand the world, adapt to it, and organize their experiences. Wadsworth (2004) suggests that when Piaget talked about the development of a person 's mental processes, he was referring to increases in the number and complexity of the schemata that a person had learned. Piaget emphasized the importance of schemas in cognitive development, and described how they were developed or acquired. A schema can be defined as a set of linked mental representations of the world, which we use both to understand and to respond to situations. The assumption is that we store these mental representations and apply them when needed. A child 's cognitive development is about a child developing or constructing a mental model of the world. Imagine what it would be like if you did not have a mental model of your world. It would mean that you would not be able to make so much use of information from your past experience, or to plan future actions. Jean Piaget was interested both in how children learnt and in how they thought. Piaget studied children from infancy to adolescence, and carried out many of his own investigations using his three…show more content…
Estolano, Lawrence Kohlberg’s seminal work is his theory on the six stages of moral development and his philosophy on moral education. Kohlberg (1972) explains that the foundation for his theory on moral development came from Piaget’s (1948) notion that the child was a philosopher as well as Piaget’s structural approach to moral development. Kohlberg expanded on Piaget’s work by constructing four distinct levels of moral thinking. Within three of the levels are two related stages. Kohlberg considers these differing levels and stages as separate moral philosophies and distinct views of the social-moral world Kohlberg’s approach to moral education was through his experimental “just community” high schools, founded in 1974. These “cluster” schools were community based and upheld principles of justice and care. These principles, according to Kohlberg and Hersh (1977), are central to both moral education and to the development of the six stages of moral judgment. Kohlberg and Hersh (1977) define the concept of stages of cognitive moral development as the structure of one’s reasoning and it implies the following
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