Developmental psychology is a broad area of study that explores the development of humans over time, examines the ways they develop over the course of their lifespan and how the cultures evolve. Those who work in this field seek to improve their understanding of how people learn and adapt to changes over time. Developmental psychologists work in hospitals, educational institutes, military and assisted living facilities. They also conduct research and teach in higher education or government institutes. People continuously experience many physical, cognitive, social, intellectual, and emotional changes throughout their lives.
In his famous work “The Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals” Kant tries to develop a moral philosophy which depends on fundamental concepts of reason and tries to show that while making moral choices we should use reason. Kant, as an Enlightenment philosopher, places all his confidence in reason. In the first chapter, we generally recognized that an action is moral if and only if it is performed for the sake of duty. Duty commands itself as imperative. There are two types of imperatives as hypothetical and categorical.
Furthermore, if there is a right or wrong, it would be determined based on the desired result of the situation. Love is the supreme moral principle for Situation Ethics. Joseph Fletcher had six propositions that explains on what it means, and how to live situationally with only one absolute truth: Love. These six propositions would determine whether
‘John Watson was one of the early American psychologists to break the Freudian notions that our unconscious mind was behind most of our behavior’ - Gary Gilles. John Watson was considered the ‘father’ of behaviourism, behaviorism is the scientific study of human behaviour (Schatzie, 2016). Watson was responsible for making Ivan Pavlov’s ideas and principles into part of a psychological norm by applying it to humans. He was impressed with Pavlov’s accurate measurement of observable behaviours and believed that Pavlov’s model could be extended towards diverse forms of learning and personality characteristics. Watson believed that the goal of psychology should be ‘the prediction and control of behavior’, meaning that one should be able to assume an upcoming behavioral action and ultimately learn how
Lifespan Development is Essential to Understanding Development An important feature to the lifespan perspective in the study of developmental psychology is that recognition is given not only to changes (these being physical, cognitive and emotional) that can and do occur at all ages (the entire life-span) - from birth to childhood, adolescence, adulthood (including late adulthood), up until death it also recognises the importance of social setting, historical situation and ideological set of circumstances. Urie Bronfenbrenner’s theory of ecological development offers insights into the role of the individual in development - the individual is a proactive feature of the environment and the influence of environments or systems in development.
RS 2020 Foundation Psychology for Rehabilitation Professionals Individual Assignment Cheng Oi Ying 15081305D Guest Speaker: Yu Bun According to Group 1’s presentation, they have used theories in the field of educational psychology which are observational learning and operant conditioning theory to explain the life events and experiences of Yu Bun. In this essay, I will use both psychological theories to illustrate Yu Bun’s case and also my own personal experience. But before that, let me first compare and contrast both theories. To start with, here is the analysis of the cultural background of the theorists. For operant conditioning theory, the major pioneers of the theory are B.F. Skinner and Edward Thorndike.
Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, two of the most recognised and renowned cognitive psychologists in the world, established theories that focused on the cognitive development of children and adolescents. While similarities do exist between these psychologists’ theories, variances between their ideas are very evident. This essay will compare and contrast Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development with Lev Vygotsky’s Socio-Cultural Theory of Cognitive Development. This essay will discuss these theories with regards to the sequence in which children’s cognitive development plays out, how cognitive development is driven, and language. This essay will also discuss how nature and nurture are related to these theories.
Thus when we talk of development we need to understand the patterns of biological, cognitive and socioemotional changes that a child goes through from birth to lifespan which is why it is important to introduce a child to age appropriate education else a child may not be able to pick up for eg if we introduce a child to writing at an early age he may not be able to do so as he is still developing his fine motor skills. When we talk of biological development it’s the changes in physical growth of the child and is genetically inherited and will also include the brain and motor skill, cognitive will emphasise the child’s ability to think, language development and problem solving skills and the socioemotional development will look at the child’s relationship with other people and changes in ones emotions and personality. There are various stages of development like infancy from birth to about 24 months where the child is completely dependent on the adult where many activities like language development, sensory and motor coordination , social interaction and
Introduction There are various factors which contribute to human development from birth to old age and from birth, certain attachments are expected in order for development to be successful. Nature and nurture also comes into play when talking about human development from birth to her current age. The essay will discuss Hannah’s development in terms of thinking, language, being an only child, parenting styles, peer relationship, the South African context and the role of media. Early Bonding and attachment experiences There are various bonding attachments that exist from birth till adulthood. For Hannah the attachments are; Mary Ainsworth’s attachment theory and Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory.
IMPLICATION OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY: Developmental psychology is a scientific approach which aims to explain that how children and adults change with time. A significant proportion of theories within this discipline focus upon development during childhood, as this is the period during an individual 's lifespan when the most change occurs. Developmental psychologists study a wide range of theoretical areas, such as biological, social, emotion, and cognitive processes. Normative development is typically viewed as a continual and cumulative process. However, it should be noted that people can change if important aspects of one 's life change.