As a provider, I will utilize a program that will facilitate the physical, cognitive, grammar structure, and creative aptitudes of infant/pre-schoolers. The implementation of activities and various resources encourage the "oneness" of a child. Through the timely and suitable learning strategies of the four Functional Areas below, I will collectively demonstrate my ability to meet Standard II.
milestones at different times. In a babyâ€TMs early years, development happens fast so their milestones
Watson (2012) defines physical development as the process that starts in human infancy and continues into late adolescent concentrating on fine and gross motor development. Fine motor development involves more finely tuned movements such as grasping, building bricks and gross motor development involves larger movements such as walking, climbing, climbing stairs and riding bicycles.
Cognitive development is the process that leads to the emergence of the ability to think and understand (Siegler, DeLoache, Eisenberg, & Saffran, 2014). This process involves the “development of thinking and reasoning” (Siegler et al., 2014, p.15) throughout childhood, including the growth of capabilities such as “perception, attention, language, problem solving, reasoning, memory, conceptual understanding, and intelligence” (Siegler et al., 2014, p. 131). Children contribute to their development through self-initiated activity even before they are born, by practicing breathing and digestive processes and exercising
By 6, the child’s balance will be developed and at the age of 7 they have learnt how to complete simple tasks such as brushing their own teeth and hair, riding a bike and making their own bed. Parents also may notice that this is the stage in childhood when a child starts to veer towards one hand rather than the other. Before turning 9 they will have experienced a growth spurt and darkened hair and their strength and coordination will continue to develop with time and practice.
Unlike adolescents and adults, growth and development is different in infants and toddlers. Observations from the physical, cognitive and perceptual development show that toddlers and infants grow and develop at a faster rate than adults. The physical, cognitive and motor development in infants and toddlers is higher than the same development in adults. This paper is an analysis and interpretation of an observation conducted with an aim to understand the growth and development of toddlers and infants. It explains an observation of an infant boy named Taylor who is 8 months old. Taylor was born in North Carolina and has been living with his parents since he was born.
According to Cynthia Lightfoot, author of “The development of the children”, “young children’s fine motor skills improve notably and early childhood is marked by impressive gains in both gross and fine motor skills”. Daniel’s
Sequence of development means the order in which a child develops. Sequenced development also involves patterns. Although children develop paces are different, most childrenâ€TMs development have definite pattern e.g. a toddler being able to walk before can run. Though some children miss particular phrases, they still proceed in whatâ€TMs viewed as an expected pattern, e.g. sitting up, walking, running but missing out rolling over and crawling. Rate of development means
The first part of the study involved observing child K’s motor and fine motor skills in her home. First, I would observe her motor skills. To get her more excited, I decided to play with her and her sister. At 4 years of age, child K should be enjoying the movements of hopping, jumping, and running while be more adventurous than they were at 3 years of age (Santrock, pg. 158, 2012). Obviously, at age 4, she has already learned how to walk and run on her own. She was very active in active in her activities. She loved running around when we were playing tag. During tag, she tried running away from me in adventurous methods such as climbing or jumping over the
The article, “Myrtle B. Mcgraw: A Growth Scientist” is a collaboration of three authors who have compiled information about her life and career from multiple archival sources. The article is well written and organized effectively to introduce Mcgraw through voluminous background information about her life and her career, followed by subsections about her growth studies, and the impact of her life’s work on contemporary research in motor development. The authors aims to defend Mcgraw as a pioneer of motor development, to describe the nature of her research while clarifying concepts, to examine the controversy surrounding her studies, and to suggest teamwork of several disciplines in order to advance research in growth science studies.
Through research on child development, researchers understand the characteristics of the principles that follow. There are two principle of development cephalocaudal, proximodistal According cephalocaudal, development progress from the head downward. The child first gains control of the head, then the arms, then the legs. In first three months after birth infant’s gains control of head and the face movements. In next few months they can lift themselves up using hands. Between 6 to 12 months start gain leg control, crawls, stand and walk. According to proximodistal principal, development also proceeds from the center of the body outward. First the spinal cord develops and rest of the parts next. Arms develop before the hands, and the hands and feet develop before the fingers and toes. Fingers and toes are the last to develop. Maturation play major role on devlopmment. Maturation means, sequance of biological changes in children there changes gives new abilities. And it depends on changes in the brain and the nervous system. These changes in brain support children in improving their motor skills and thinking. Children to develop to their potential rich learning environment is required. Children must mature to a certain point before they can gain some skills. For example, the brain of a six-month-old has not matured enough to allow the child to talk. A six-month-old will babble and coo. However, by three years of age, with the help of others, the child will be able to say and understand many words. This is how cognitive development occurs from simple tasks to more complex tasks. In the same way physical skills also develop from general to specific movements. For instance, the way an infant waves its arms and legs, these moments are random. Several months after birth infants will grab the object with their whole hand. After little more months they grasp the object with
For this assignment, I have selected two theories, cognitive theory and socio-cultural theory, to compare and contrast for further understanding children development and both theories’ implication in current education. Cognitive theory studies how people think, what’s going on within people’s mind. Social-cultural theory studies how the society, the culture, other people or external environment impact individual development. This paper would firstly respectively demonstrate both theories’ basic philosophy, representative persons and their claims. In the part
Cognition is a process where different aspects of the mind are working together that lead to knowledge. Piaget’s cognitive development theory is based on stages that children go through as they grow that lead them to actively learn new information. Cognitive change occurs with schemes that children and adults go through to make sense of what is happening around them. The change that occurs is activity based when the child is young and later in life correlates to mental thinking. Piaget’s stages of cognitive development start from birth to adulthood and it begins with the sensorimotor stage, a child from birth to the age of 2 years old learns and thinks by doing and figuring out how something works. The second stage is the preoperational stage and in this stage children from ages 2 through 7 years are developing their language and they do pretend play (Berk, 2005, p.20). Concrete operational is the third stage and children ages 7 to 11 years old lack abstract but have more logic than they did when they were younger. The last stage is formal
Groark, C., McCarthy, S. & Kirk, A. (2014). Early child development: From theory to practice [Electronic version]. Retrieved from:
Having the right knowledge, skills and experience in understanding how children or young people develop are very important tools for early years practitioners. We must put to mind that each child born to this world is unique; they are born with different characters and their personalities and behaviours are formed and influenced by variety of factors. These factors may affect their ways of interacting to the environment and community or setting in which they live in.