Panuwat Baikeawon 5740188022 2202235 Reading and Analysis for the Study of English Literature Acharn Subenja Phaoluangthong April 29, 2016 Final Paper Literacy as the empowerment of the pigs In ‘Animal Farm’ by George Orwell, literacy is one of the factors that empowers the pigs to become the leader group of the Animal Farm in terms of politics. The reason that only the pigs are the ruling class in the farm is significantly related to literacy. There are 3 different definitions of Literacy, according to Dictionary.com The quality or state of being literate, especially the ability to read and write. Possession of education: A person’s knowledge of a particular subject or field. First, they say that all animals are equal, but literacy is one of the factors that make them unequal.
Interactionists argue that language development is both biological and social. Interactionists argue that language learning is influenced by the desire of children to communicate with others. The Interactionists argue that "children are born with a powerful brain that matures slowly and predisposes them to acquire new understandings that they are motivated to share with others" ( Bates,1993;Tomasello,1995, as cited in shaffer,et al.,2002,p.362). The main theorist associated with interactionist theory is Lev Vygotsky.Interactionists focus on Vygotsky 's model of collaborative learning ( Shaffer,et al.,2002). Collaborative learning is the idea that conversations with older people can help children both cognitively and linguistically (
After someone handed him money he would push buttons and pretend to fill a paper bag with their groceries. The objects that they used were, play-do, a plastic cash register, play money and an ice cream scoop. The type of activities that they did in geography were Making an animal out of play-do and then making the noises that go with it. They identified stuffed animals, like ravens and
The major problem with Lennie is that he likes petting soft things such as mice and puppy, but they are too weak to withstand his petting so they died very quickly. George and Lennie’s dream also attracts the old swamper Candy’s attention, so he joins their team by contributes his money. However,
He described four stages, Sensorimotor Stage, Pre-operational Stage, Concrete Operational Stage and Formal Operational Stage, beginning in infancy and ending in adulthood. According to Piaget, we use the cognitive abilities we have at each stage to construct meaning drawn from our own environment (Ornstein and Scarpaci, 2012). He believed that there are two ways to approach constructivist theory: the developmental and the environment. The developmental theory of cognition describes the structures of knowledge as pre-logical, concrete and abstract operations (Ornstein and Scarpaci, 2012). According to Piaget, children learn concepts through different stages of cognitive development, this occurs before learning occurs and concepts are internalised (Ornstein and Scarpaci, 2012).
Vygotsky suggested that the child learns language in social interaction and then thinks in terms of that language. However, Vygotsky emphasized the importance of both history and context in the meaning each unit (word) of that language has in the thinking of the individual. Language plays an important role in a child’s development (Gredler, 2009). According to Vygotsky, children use speech not only for social communication, but also to help them solve tasks. Vygotsky (1962) further argued that young children use language to plan, guide, and monitor their behavior.
Cognitive Theory Cognitive Theory was brought to academia by Psychologist Jean Piaget among others. Piaget’s theory argues that there are stages of cognitive development in humans where there are levels of increased intelligence and capability. These stages are defined by terms, that describe the perception of what children make of their world. These thoughts are known as schemas, which Piaget said are the models by which children perceive their reality. As they reach other stages they engage in what Piaget referred to as, assimilation, in which the previous schemas are expanded upon with new details.
Children this age display logic skills, the ability to apply rules and categories, and are able to infer. This is also the stage where children are supposed to learn to take in multiple variables and develop the skill of conservation. 2. According to Erikson, development is brought about by interactions with others. These pivotal moments are called psychosocial stages.
So, in this assignment I am going to talk about the four major developmental theories which focused on the development of the human. And also the relationship between the development theories and the learning and how to apply those theories on the real world teaching. The Four Major Developmental Theories It is very important
Jean Piaget, a psychologist commonly known for his theory of cognitive development that observes and describes how children mentally develop through childhood. He believed that children think and organize their world meaningfully, but different from adults. Piaget’s sought out through cognitive development that children children go through four stages of mental development stages Sensorimotor Child (birth-2), Preoperational (2-7), Concrete Operational (7-11), and Formal Operational (12+). Throughout these stages outside influences force children to grow cognitively, one way being through books and illustrations. The first stage being Sensorimotor, when a baby is first born he or she is developing both physically and cognitively.