Effectiveness is defined as the degree to which objectives are achieved and the extent to which targeted problems are solved; the ability to be successful and produce the intended results (Cambridge). Effectiveness is determined without reference to costs and means "doing the right thing" while efficiency means "doing the thing right". Various meta-analysis established the effectiveness of CBT in depression (Hans and Hiller, 2013); Social Anxiety Disorders, General Anxiety Disorders, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Panic Disorder (Stewart and Chambless, 2009); Specific phobia (Wolitzky-Taylor, Horowitz, Powers, and Telch, 2008) in clinical settings. Findings from a meta analysis (Ebert, Carlotta Zarski, Christensen, Stikkelbroek et al, 2015)
My work and research are mostly concerned about how humanistic psychology can be applied as a treatment for Alzheimer patients and how Maslow’s hierarchy of does needs contribute in treating patients suffering from AD. Introduction to Alzheimer’s disease What is Alzheimer’s disease? Alzheimer is connected with psychological issue, fundamentally memory issues with dynamic thinking, it has numerous other clinical, behavioural, and enthusiastic attributes which influences both those agony from the illness and additionally their parental figures. (cited by Dr Guy Proulx,2015) What is dementia? Dementia is the side effects including the decay of subjective capacities with coming about changes in practices that meddle in the capacity to work autonomously in ordinary life.
They were tested verbally recalling a face and the participant’s ability to resist information about that face. They wanted to know if the participant’s memory were influenced by the information they heard. The results demonstrated that initial testing can reduce the influence of misinformation on subsequent recall of a perpetrators appearance. Our experiment was influenced on this seed article experiment; their experiment provided their participants with misinformation (misleading) or none (control). For our experiment we did not provide no post event information (control and misleading).
Integrative approach to counselling is the process of combining different approaches to psychotherapy for the treatment of a client. The basic assumption of integrative approach is that there are no singular approaches that can guarantee the treatment of a client; thus different theories are required to ensure effective treatment. The major benefits of integrative approach are: firstly, its flexibility and focused treatment for the wholeness of an individual/client. Secondly, it is effective in treating children with autism and helping children and other clients who have difficulty in learning. It also helps in the treatment of depression, phobias and other negative behaviours.
Through studies from amnesic patients suggest that declarative and non-declarative memory operates separately. This indicates, although an amnesic patient have difficulties in forming declarative memory but their ability to form non-declarative memory is not affected. As a result, this suggests that not only declarative and non-declarative operate differently but they also located separately (Eysenck and Keane,
However, medication may be very helpful and useful for the treatment of social anxiety disorder, therapy proves to be just as effective. The purpose therapy is to reduce anxiety by disrupting and eradicating beliefs or behaviors that kept maintaining the anxiety disorder. Therapy has two balances . The balance helps people change thinking patterns that prevent them from conquering` their
Negative biological consequences for use despite harm include hypertension and enuresis, whereas psychological consequences included anxiety and insomnia (Striley et al. 2011). This suggests that this diagnostic criterion is not strictly biological or psychological but a multifaceted combination of factors. However, the researcher’s conclusions should be interpreted with caution as there was an overrepresentation of participants who used licit and illicit substances which was not controlled in the study. There was also no indication the amount of variability biological and psychological factors produced and there was also the potential that negative consequences could have been due to other substances, not caffeine.
Cognitive restructuring refers to a child being taught to recognize the negative thoughts which precipitate their anxiety and replace these with more helpful cognitions. Research has revealed promising results in the use of cognitive strategies to reduce adult’s dental anxiety . Memory restructuring has been tested with children who received local anesthesia at an initial restorative dental visit and has been shown to change local anesthesia- related fears and improved behaviors at subsequent treatment visits [14,23]. Restructuring involves 4 components: 1. visual reminders; 2. positive reinforcement through verbalisation; 3. concrete examples to encode sensory details; and 4. sense of accomplishment A visual reminder could be a photograph of the child smiling at the initial visit (i.e, prior to the difficult experience). Positive reinforcement through verbalisation could be asking if the
Thematic instruction is based on the idea that people acquire knowledge best when learning in the context of a coherent “whole,” and when they can connect what they’re learning to the real world. Thematic instruction seeks to put the teaching of cognitive skills such as reading, mathematics, science, and writing in the context of a real-world subject that is both specific enough to be practical and broad enough to allow creative
Having mental states is not having something that is “a mind. It’s just behaving or being disposed to behave in ways that constitute having mental states.” Introduction The following essay explores the three varying theories associated with mental states. The three varying theories that will be touched upon comprise of token-identity theory (identity theory), dualism and eliminative materialism. The objective of this paper is to come to a conclusion that if a patient lacking a normal human brain will have mental states, no mental states or only some kind of mental states and not others. The author of this prompt supports the concept of eliminative materialism and argues that the patient has no mental states.
Then they filled out a Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, which assess the participants lever of stress, anxiety and depression. For the Memory measure section, the participants were given a questionnaire that were structured in the form of a cross-examination style questions. The study showed that when the participant frequently recalled the event both lead to an increase in accuracy and a likelihood of developing false memories. And avoidance of the event had lead to a decrease in memory. This research suggests that some PTSD symptoms can help memory recall and others can prevent it (Gittins, Paterson, and Sharpe, 2006, p. 25).
Be that as it may, emotional well-being courts have for the most part not been compelling at enhancing psychological wellness results—and poor mental well-being results may add to inevitable detainment (Law and Human Behavior, 2011). A couple of assessments of emotional well-being courts have utilized thorough study plans, so more research is expected entirely to unwind the impacts of psychological well-being court 's (Rossman, Willison, Mallik-Kane, Kim,