Cognitive Psychology: The Three Types Of Cognitive Psychology

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Cognitive psychology is the scientific study of mind and mental function, including memory, attention, learning, conceptual development, language, reasoning, perception, and decision making. Everyday memory is the one of include in the topic that has encountered in cognitive psychology which is under Memory. Everyday memory refers to memory operations that routinely occur in one’s daily environment. For examples, of everyday memory is include remembering names plans for the day and recalling items that one needs to purchase at the grocery store. In general, the everyday memory is classified into three types of categories that are, autobiographical memory, exceptional events and the constructive nature of memory (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1). The first type of everyday memory is an autobiographical memory. According to Rubin (2005) autobiographical memory has distinct as recollected events that belong to a person’s past. As mentioned by Tulving (1972) autobiographical memory is not strictly episodic in nature. Memory happens when someone remembers the events that make up the stories of our life by using “mental time travel” that is, a person put himself back in specific situations that already experienced. It is called the autobiographical memory. This memory is subdivided into two major categories, that is, are an episodic memory and semantic memory.
First, the subdivided of autobiographical memory is the episodic memory. Episodic memories are personal
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