Cognitive Strategies In Learning English

1673 Words7 Pages
Ahmad Rizky Farizy

Cognitive Strategy in Learning English for English as A Foreign Language Learners; College Students
I. Introduction
English is the international language that used by every country around the world. Eventhough the precentages are differen t in each country, it is still very important to learn English. A foreign language means language studied in an environment where it is not the primary vehicle in everyday interaction and where the user of it in that country is still a few. To teach English for EFL learners, teachers need to have different learning strategies than teachers who teach English for native or second language. Because, they need different treatment and far more difficult to teach. Learning styles
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This strategy including repetition, summarising meaning, organizing new language, guessing meaning from context, and using imagery for memorizing. The term of “cognitive” simply means the use of mind (cognition) to learn. In learning English, field which mostly used cognitive strategy is reading comprehension. Rosenshine (1997), states that the act of creating question for students to answer does not lead to comprehension. Otherwise, the studentd will do self-questioning that will help them to understand what they read. This is where the cognitive strategy work, while reading their mind will think and question about what they are reading. They will continue reading and find a way to answer their question…show more content…
This kind of method might be unfamiliar to us. Mnemonics are actually memory devices in your brain that help us in recall larger pieces of information. They can be in the form of list, characteristics, step, stages, etc. Basically there are several type of mnemonics, they are name, music, expression, ode/rhyme, note organization, image, etc.
4. Self testing
It helps you to develop a positive attitude during your learning process. The case is like this, when you think that a subject is boring and unimportant, you must be more difficulty in reacalling the information. Otherwise, you need to develop curiosity over a subject. The main purpose of self-testing is to help improving our long term memory and our ability to retrieveimportant information when we need it.
5. Paraphrasing
It means taking a set of facts or opinions and rewording them. So, to paraphrase is to include idea or information from an original source by rephrasing those words in your own words. The key of paraphrasing is to use a few as possible the words from the original text.
6. A real life

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