Abuse is another thing that has been linked, to problems in a child 's development. The earlier abuse and neglect occur in a child 's life the more severe the impact. Furthermore, the stage of development, while the abuse occurs will influence the type and severity of the consequences. Additionally, the more chronic and long lasting the abuse and neglect, the more harmful it is. When the abuse and neglect are caused, by parents or another significant figure a child, becomes confused because their supposed source of safety is the source of their harm.
Also, people do not share the same empathy for non-physical abuse, because it is so common it has become a “normal” thing in society that is ignored (Source). Everyone, at some point, has experienced emotional trauma or turmoil so it is difficult for some to see it as a way of abusing that is really out or the ordinary or worth recognition. CLOSING/TRANSITION SENTENCE… To identify their effects on a child it is important to first analyze the types of abuse. Emotional abuse, neglect, and domestic violence are the few main types. A
“Estimates of abuse or neglect by parents or guardians range from about one in every hundred to more than one in every seven, and figures are far higher if emotional abuse and neglect are included” (Jenkins 1), that means the rate of children being abused is rising. “Abuse is more common toward children who were born premature, low birth weight, or have developmental disabilities.” (Westby 140+). “The child being abuse can have major consequences, including delays in physical growth, impaired language and cognitive abilities, and problems in personality development, learning, and behavior” (Jenkins 1), and depending on how serious the abuse is and the type of abuse, it could result in death to the child. There are many departments working to help lower and stop child abuse. There is DHS which is the Department of Human Services, DCFS, which is the Department of Children and Family Services, Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Child Welfare Services, and much more.
Numerous studies have shown that domestic violence has a huge impact on children and teenagers and can lead to internal and external behavioral problems. These can include aggression, anxiety and depression. When children are exposed to violence or abuse, it affects them tremendously when they become teenagers. Adolescence is a time when a person is figuring out who they are and their self-esteem will develop either confidently or not so confidently. When abuse has been in the picture, it is very difficult for an adolescence to develop to their full potential and delinquency can occur.
In terms of emotions, the child may be on the “baseline of unease, intermediate states of anxiety or extreme panic, fury and despair” (108). This may be because of an unsteady attachment in childhood due to the fact that most child abuse happen in a family-like environment. Herman mentions that the emotional and behavioral impact of chronic child abuse go hand in hand. People who experience chronic child abuse or neglect believe that the only way to end the emotional state that they are in is through self injury (109). The earlier on in childhood the abuse or neglect was, the more repetitive and severe the self harm is (109).
Child abuse is now spreading increasingly day by day all over the world and can be seen in every group whether it is ethnic or cultural group. Child maltreatment includes physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and psychological abuse. Abuse is addition of any kind of trouble in someone’s life. It can be emotional or verbal. Child abuse is a serious issue these days and has caused severe effects in lives of children.
What a child sees can affect them in many ways. Exposure to interparental violence has been associated with the tendencies to worry in children. Consequently, children's anxiety is also affected by interparental violence and conflict. Additionally, interparental violence has been, linked to both internalizing and externalizing problems(Kelley 1025). Internalizing problems are negative behaviors and low self-esteem.
Vygotsky theorized that interaction and language are two central factors in cognitive development (Corpus & Lucas, 2010). (Beriones, 2010) emphasized that effective learning happens through participation in social activities, making the social context of learning crucial. Parents, teachers and other adults in the learner’s environment all contribute to the process. When children with special needs are given an environment that is conducive to learning, they too will become fruitful members of the community. In addition, Lev Vygotsky Socio-Cultural Theory states that students’ learning could be more effective if it is provided with support or scaffold.
A child who experiences trauma of domestic violence will hinder their emotional growth, hence the child will not develop and maintain a normal level of trust. A child that experiences domestic violence or is exposed to domestic violence can develop a fear of their environment, for they think that everyone will try to hurt them. They also do not trust anyone with their problems or issues, hence they will keep everything inside and this will affect their state of mind. An abused spouse may experience chronic psydiasmatic pain or pain due to diffuse trauma without visible evidence. This form of pain will have a very bad effect on the body.