Cohesive Techniques In The Old Man And The Sea

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The study was in fact an attempt to investigate the cohesive devices used in the English novel "the old man and the sea" and its Persian translation. As it was illuminated in the preceding section of the study, the findings of the study revealed that the cohesive tie of personal pronouns formed the highest portion of the cohesive devices used in the English version of the novel under study. Collocations and repetition scored the next. The cohesive tie of repetition was found to be the next highly used cohesive tie. All other cohesive devices were used with a percentage of less than 10%. The list of the used cohesive ties included synonym, temporal, adversative and causal conjunction. The three groups of ellipsis namely, nominal, verbal and clausal were used with a percentage of less than 10% as well. The cohesive device of substitution was also used in a low percentage. Similarly, the same types of cohesive devices were used in the Persian translation of the novel. Collocation was used…show more content…
First when teachers are teaching their students how to use CDs, it is worth reminding that a proper dose of CDs makes writing better. Secondly, since the findings indicated that the participants preferred repeating words rather than using synonyms and antonyms to describe the main points of their topic, teachers should help students enlarge their choice of vocabulary. Teachers could engage the students in some vocabulary activities such as word association game before writing to elicit and build students' vocabulary. Thirdly, writing teachers could introduce corpora to students since corpora can enhance learners' awareness of lexico-grammatical patterning of texts (Yoon, 2008). Corpus-informed syllabi can be mixed with writing courses where in students learn to solve their lexical problems through concordances and collocation
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