“The Middle East, which has been converted by Russia ,Would today be prized more than ever by international communism.” Thesis: While all Cold War presidents wanted to stop communism,they all had different ideas on how to accomplish that issue.President truman used economic aid. President Eisenhower focused on military aid.President Kennedy used military use.
After World War 2, things got pretty intense between the former allies Soviet Union and the United States. For example, because the United States and the Soviet Union had different views and different stand on human rights, economic freedom, religious belief, self-determination and individual liberties, it sparks a war between them known as the Cold War. Now, the Cold War was different than any previous war that ever happened in history because this war was an ideological contest between the Communist countries and the Western countries. But let’s focus our attention to the man that was leading America after World War 2- Harry Truman.
The relationships between United States and Soviet Union had embittered long before the beginning of the Cold War. In 1939, it seemed “highly improbable” (Garthoff, 29) that the two nations would form an alliance due to Stalin’s decision to forge a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany, to ensure security of his own country, in August of 1939 (Revelations from the Russian Archives). Stalin’s decision to form an alliance with Germany deeply affected the relationships between the two countries as Nazi Germany was one of U. S’s enemy during World War II. Additionally, the ways in which Stalin tried to establish security for his own country portrayed him as a potential threat amongst the Allies, especially the U.S and Great Britain. Furthermore,
1)Truman is to blame for the outbreak of the cold war due to the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagazaki. After the World War II there was a lot of tension between the superpowers of the world. The universal goal was to maintain peace and ensuring post-war security, but each side had a different way of getting on with their ambitions. The democratic states tried to expand democracy throughout the world to make it easier to discuss their divergencies. As for the
In conclusion, the Cold War created a great tension between the US and Soviet Union in forming competing ideologies of capitalism and communism. These opposite ideals were the driving force behind many major decisions by the US in its foreign policy in terms of containing the spread of communism. The US engaged in proxy wars where it supported allies which held similar beliefs. In the Vietnam conflict, the US not only supported an ally but even fought side by side to stop the adoption of communism in that country. Although looking back, the US may question its involvement in the Vietnam war, at that time, based on its position taken in the Cold War conflict this high cost seemed well worth it.
His criticism of Eisenhower’s New Look and Massive Retaliation strategies towards Soviet threats shows a progression of United States foreign policy from the 1950s to the early 1960s from a static policy to a more flexible one. As a response, both Taylor and Kennedy created Flexible Response in order to combat the Soviet Union more effectively and aggressively unlike Eisenhower’s more stagnant and dated New Look policy. In Taylor’s “Security Will Not
Pearlman makes the point that both Truman and MacArthur did not meet their objectives and by 1953 both men were out of power. Pearlman relies on archival material that was available since the fall of the Soviet Union to clarify the conflict between Truman and MacArthur. His focus is on military, political analysis, and diplomatic history. The historical significance is that is revealed the internal domestic conflict between the president and its military
President Truman’s number one goal in the Korean War was to prevent a wide scale war. He did not want to involve other countries into this war and wanted to resolve the communist conflict in Korea. He was afraid that any more involvement of the countries would result in a third world war. It was simply a problem of containment in Korea and the intervention of the Soviet Union or other European countries would be fatal. If America was successful in taken down the power of the communist forces in Korea, the countries would naturally find peace again.
The Cold War was a fight mainly between the United States and the USSR that would determine whether Communism or Capitalism would dominate the world’s governments’ following World War II. While Soviet Russia did not attempt to spread its ideological beliefs around the world as the U.S. did, it rather was trying to create a stable Communist bloc that was confined to the borders of Asia and Eastern Europe. At the same time, the United States anxiously feared Communism, because our political leaders saw it as a threat to Capitalisms’ open market and free trade policies. Furthermore, the US wrongly viewed independence movements as being motivated by Moscow as a part of Communist expansion conspiracy, so our foreign policy was altered in order
The Cold War caused many issues between communist countries and the United States for about forty-five years, but president Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy only dealt with it for about seventeen years. While all of the Cold War presidents dealt with communism, Truman and Eisenhower favored Policy of Containment and president Kennedy favored Flexible Response. The Cold War started in 1947 and ended in 1991 so it was about 45 years (Ayer 817). The first president was Harry Truman he used Policy of Containment to deal with communist countries. The Cold War was tension between The Soviet Union and The United States Western powers (Ayer 817). Communism was the biggest part of the Cold War, communism is when all property is publicly owned and everyone gets paid the same amount (Ayers 917). All three of the president's used economic aid, military aid, and military use. Economic aid is help from one country to another (Ayer 819). Military aid is helping a country or its people on a defense or helping a poor country keep control over its territory (Ayer 823). Military use means that we force and use weapons to support countries
In 1957, Eisenhower pledged economic and military assistance to any Middle Eastern country dealing with communist aggression (“Eisenhower Doctrine”). He also set out to address foreign tensions caused by the Cold War while leading the United States in oversea battles against communism. Joseph
Ever since France and England at the Munich Conference in 1938 followed a policy of attempting to appease Adolf Hitler instead of challenging him after his conquest of Czechoslovakia leading to further aggression by Hitler, U.S. foreign policy has consistently veered away from appeasement toward engagement against aggression. The “Munich analogy” or the appeasement of Adolf Hitler and the disastrous results it produced has formed the underpinnings for U.S. military and foreign policy since with limited success in the few instances it has been followed. The Munich analogy was the rationale for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson for first sending troops to Vietnam to stop communist expansion into weaker countries and then again for escalating U.S. involvement in that region by sending more and more troops and resources in attempting to curtail communism. In the case of Vietnam,
was going to save money. A wise decision would have been to raise taxes on American citizens in order to raise fund for the war. Lyndon B. Johnson, president of the United States at the time, was unwilling to raise taxes, which resulted in a horrible cycle of inflation4 and debt. Johnson’s arrogance and stubbornness not to raise taxes, consequently led America to a worse economy. This act of arrogance from Johnson further validates the argument: the U.S. should not have invaded Vietnam.
As historian Doris Kearns Goodwin has recorded, Johnson similarly insisted that his policies had not failed and that he had not been forced to begin American de-escalation after the Tet Offensive. The resulting pressures forced Lyndon B. Johnson to confront some of the hardest issues that any American president has ever faced. They led him, in the end, to choose the path of negotiation, de-escalation, and tentative disengagement as less dangerous to America’s domestic stability, economic health, and international stature than the highly uncertain path of more arms and troops. This proud politician, nearing the end of more than thirty years of public service, clung stubbornly to the illusion that he could still salvage an honorable settlement of the war that he knew would forever define his