RUSSIAN: "The first artificial Earth satellite in the world has now been created. This first satellite was today successfully launched in the USSR.’ (http://www.manythings.org/voa/history/207.html ) this shows how far behind the USA was, for they didn't launch anything. Then NASA had 7 men chosen to be astronauts. Then on April 12 1961 the USSR triumphantly launched Yuri Gagarin into orbit. Then the Americans launched Alan Shepard into space on May 5th 1961.
“ Thats one small step for man one giant leap for mankind .”- neil armstrong In 102 hours 45 minutes and 43 seconds for NASA’s dream came true. 1After the launch it took that long before landing on the lunar surface. The moment they landed was one of the biggest moments in astronomical history. July 20 1969 was the exact date. 2 The very second they landed was written down and kept for reccords in the future.
On October 4, 1957, a Soviet R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile launched Sputnik was the first satellite to orbit in the earth orbit. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, a federal agency dedicated to go to space and explorate it, as well as few programs wanting to exploit the military potential of space. The Soviets Union were one step ahead, launching the first man into space in April 1961. After the Soviet Union sent Alan Shepard to become the first American man in space, President John F. Kennedy made the a speech claim that the U.S. would land a man on the moon by the end of the decade. On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin of NASA’s Apollo 11 mission, became the first man to set foot on the moon.
Apollo 11 was the first ever success in traveling to the Moon, landing on the Moon, and reentering safely to Earth. It gave the United States scientific credit across the globe in achieving landing on the Moon first. The Apollo 11 mission was a great success for the United States, but how did they accomplish “one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”? President John F. Kennedy had two main reasons for traveling to space, setting a national goal, and beating the Soviet Union in being the first to accomplish the space race. On May 25, 1961, President Kennedy announced a goal of sending an American to the Moon and back safely before the end of the decade.”We choose to go to the Moon in this decade and do the other things, not because
While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
“The way we choose to see the world creates the world we see”(Barry Neil Kaufman). Different perspective lead humans to make decisions that lead to conflicts, such as the Cold War. The Cold War was a rivalry between the U.S.S.R (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) and the U.S.A(United States of America). Cold War had no direct military actions between the countries. Competing perspectives and human decisions led to violent conflicts throughout the 20th century.
“Hubble is one of the largest and most versatile, and is well known as both a vital research tool and a public relations boon for astronomy.” (Hubble Space Telescope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubble_Space_Telescope) In 1993 NASA, along with other organizations such as the Russian Federal Space Agency, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, European Space Agency, and the Canadian Agency worked together to build the International Space Station. “The station consists of pressurized modules, external trusses, solar arrays and other components, which have been launched by Russian Proton and Soyuz rockets, and the US Space Shuttles.” (John E. Catchpole (June 17, 2008). The International Space Station: Building for the Future. Springer-Praxis. ISBN 978-0-387-78144-0.)
The Cold War pitted the communist Soviet Union and its satellites versus the capitalist western world lead by the United States . The Cold War began after World War Two and lasted until the middle of the Nineteen Nineties. Although the two superpowers never fought against each other directly, the conflict was expressed through military coalitions, espionage, weapons development, including a nuclear arms race, proxy wars, propaganda, and a competition to launch a man to the moon. Although the Soviet Union, allied themselves with the against the Axis powers during the last four years of World War II, disagreements existed mainly about the status of post-war Europe. At the war's conclusion, most of Europe was occupied by the allied powers, while the United States and the Soviet Union possessed the two most powerful military forces.
Meanwhile, the only one that knew the codes to recall the plane was the crazy general named Ripper. The Cold War is a term given to the intense relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union. This intensity was during the period after the Second World War. The clash between these two countries was due to several reasons. First of all, both of these countries were trying to end each other use of nuclear weapons.
The last fifty years were eye opening for humanity with the first steps in space and on the moon where truly giant leaps as they showed us the limit of humanity’s existence and how far our current technology could have taken us. After those first steps into space mankind started thinking where else might life exist, or if there is any other intelligent life in the universe. Life anywhere else in the universe could be both a good and a bad thing because if life is out there among the stars this could mean that it is possible for humans to expand outside our planet. THe possibility of humans existing beyond Earth is a nice thought but if we find many pasat civilizations that means we have hit a barrier and it may not be probable for humans to get through this great filter. Stephen Hawking once said that to confine our attention to only Earth matters would limit the human spirit, and discovering prolonged life in space is possible then space will have a profound impact on cultural and intellectual life.
History is all about inspiring speeches, gruesome wars, and unexpected events that decide the course of the future. The Cold War is not an example of a war, but a highly important event, considering there was no actual fighting. The Cold War started because the Soviet 's wanted to spread communism, but America was getting in their way to stop it. Three major factors also contributed to the conflict of war, the most obvious one being the U.S. wanted to stop communism, another being both the Soviet Union and the United States were afraid of each other, and finally competition, because everyone needs some good competition. These factors are both reasons why the war started, and "weapons" that were used.
Many essayists, scholars, economists, and political leaders have argued the causes of the Cold War. They all have different interpretations, which are unique in their own nature. In chapter two of “Major Problems in American History Since 1945,” essayists Arnold A. Offner and John Lewis Gaddis disagree over the causes of the cold war. Offner argues that President Truman was primarily responsible and gives nothing more than the interpretation of a single personal ideology (Offner, 55-63). However, John Lewis Gaddis argues that Joseph Stalin was primarily responsible for the cold war and was uncompromising with policies.
The Cold War was the tense relationship between the United States (and its allies), the Soviet Union (the USSR and its allies) and the United Kingdom (The three main 'powers ' ) between the end of World War II and the expiry of the Soviet Union; i.e. the years 1945 to 1991. The Cold War started mainly because the United States did not gain trust against communists and the Soviet and USSR did not trust capitalists. So there was a cold relationship between two countries thoughts, activities and other things. After endings the World War II, the Soviet Union and the US both were clearly going to be the two powerful countries for some time to come.