The Cold War was an event that directly impacted and influenced many aspects of American society during most of the second half of the 20th century. It mainly intensified due to the antagonistic values of the feuding America and Soviet Union who were each representative of opposing principles. Because they were the two remaining superpowers to emerge from the conflict of WWII the contention between democracy and capitalism soon became a global conflict. The Cold War was unlike any other in the sense that it was as much of a propagandists war as one that included direct military engagement. Although the Korean and Vietnam Wars were important examples of military intervention by the Americans in the name of containing communism these wars did
"The Cold War was an ideological contest between the western democracies especially the United States and the Communist countries that emerged after the Second World War" (Tindall 972). The United States and the Soviet Union had differences over issues such as human rights, individual liberties, economic freedom, and religious belief. "Mutal suspicion and a race to gain influence and control over the so called nonaligned or third world countries further polarized" (Tindall 945). After the WWII Soviets dominate European countries and thought the U.S. had the same motives. At the end of the second world war there was an argument about who was more responsible for the cold war the Soviet Union or United States.
The Cold War lasted from 1947 to 1991 and was the outcome of political tension left over by World War Two (WWII). The war officially ended in 1991 with the collapse of communism, but the past forty-four years had brought major technological advances. These advances were made through the Arms Race and Space Race, which were both part of the United States and Union of Soviet Socialist Republics’ (USSR) intense rivalry. The steps that both countries took would be revered worldwide, and although they do not get a lot of attention, are important historical events. While historians have mixed opinions on the impact of the Space Race and Arms Race on the Cold War, it is undeniable that their legacy still impacts modern life.
The U.S. military wanted an invasion but Kennedy countered saying it would be a bloody and terrible battle for both sides coming off with fresh wounds from World War 2. Both sides really did not want a war to begin and both superpowers were trying to get the upper hand in the arms race. But negotiations kept going and President Kennedy and Khrushchev both sent letters and radio messages to try to resolve the conflict before war sprung. Thus, the most tense part began wan both sides readied their armies because they thought war would happen. The doomsday clock had begun.
Federal judges, especially Judge Irving Kaufman, were generally harsh when ruling against Communists, viewing their crimes as “aggression against free men everywhere” and “worse than murder.” The mixed attitudes towards the threat of communism stretched all the way up to the highest court in the land. In the case of Dennis et al. v. United States, the head of the court at the time, Chief Justice Fred Vinson maintained that in the case of the dangers of communism, it would be extremely foolish for anyone not to “convict unless they found that petitioners intended to overthrow the Government ‘as speedily as circumstances would permit.’” The Chief Justice severely narrowed the interpretation of the Clear and Present Danger Test to point of almost nonexistence in regards to Communists, stating that no attempt to overthrow the government did not mean “that there [wasn’t] a group that was ready to make the attempt.” He expresses the need for the Government to preemptively act against any possible communist attack that could occur. In the same case however, Justice Hugo Black took a very different approach to interpreting the law surrounding the case. Justice Black in his written dissent outlined the crimes that were and were not being committed, and plainly explained that the charges were unconstitutional under the rights given to all American presidents in the First
One of the main causes that had started the cold war was Europe , Britain and the Usa believed that some areas of europe were falling under communist control .Even though the two countries never really declared war on each other they did fight indirectly. The Cold War was a long time of fighting between some of the Western side of the country and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. The west side was led by the United States and the Eastern side was led by the Soviet Union. It started in 1945 and ended in 1989 . The Cold War had started just after World War II had ended in 1945 .
Competition with each other for better nuclear weapons and space arms all contributed to the increasing tensions between the two countries. The Cold war was also caused by mistrust,misconceptions,and misunderstandings on both sides. There were many things that led to the Cold War. It can be summarized into two main points: the competition and growing tensions between the USSR and USA due to their political difference, the nuclear arms race. The first and biggest cause of the Cold War was because of President Stalin and President Truman’s political differences and their mutual distrust towards each other.
Asian, African and Latin American nations were forced to choose one of the sides if they wanted financial aid or military support. This era was called the Cold War because the opponents were not in a real fight, but it was a war of words, economic means, and weapon strength. The United Nations were a loose worldwide alliance created to keep peace between the nations. Alliances shifted constantly during the 20th century. They were made to wage war or to prevent them.
During the Cold War, conflict between the USSR and the West was at an all time high as they fought for world domination.The overwhelming desire for power created a dangerous and closed minded sense of patriotism.The film, The Bridge of Spies by Steven Spielberg, is structured to explore historical events of the Cold War period in order to emphasize how the theme of patriotism blinds what it means to be human. The film comments on the treatment of James B. Donovan and Rudolf Abel and how they were isolated because the USSR and the United States despised espionage so much that everyone chose an animalistic sense of patriotism over remaining civil and maintaining human values. This film refers to the historical events of the Cold War period by mentioning the Rosenberg Case, accused spy Rudolf Abel and the story of Francis Gary Powers. The Rosenbergs were brought up when Donovan was having dinner with his family. Donovan called them, “American traitors” because they committed espionage for the Soviet Union.
In June 1948, the Soviet Union blocked roads and railroads that led to West Berlin. The United States, Great Britain Second cause or factor that triggered the cold war is because US and Soviet Union want dominant the world (Rana, 2009). Each of the Superpowers saw the other as a threat to its continued survival. That’s why they want to take over other countries as a step to preserve their interest. Besides that, both countries had adopted several strategies to preserve
The Cold War put both of these nations at test to see who could succeed the most. Disagreement between the two superpowers, the U.S and the U.S.S.R is what started the Cold War, just as disagreement is the start of any other war. Disagreements grew and became feuds and feuds caused tension, which created an uncomfortable position and lifestyle for everyone. When the United States and the Soviet Union’s alliance ended, they realized they had different viewpoint on how nation’s should
McCarthy’s attacks soon began threatening national security, causing Hoover to perform damage control (184). “Senator McCarthy’s attacks were scattershot, but on occasion, when the Bureau’s reports steadied his hand, his aim was true.” (183). McCarthy’s accusations and investigations caused people to be fired, and some committed suicide during investigations. The majority of McCarthy’s attacks came straight from FBI documentation (184-185). Hoover told McCarthy to stop, however the senator did not heed his warning, and started up with more attacks.