With Germany’s surrender occurring May 8th 1945 the war in Europe was officially over. Following V-E day, the leaders of Great Britain, the US, and the USSR would convene in Potsdam Germany to determine the future of the Germany. The meeting took place on July 17th 1945 with Winston Churchill, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin present at the time. The completed Potsdam Agreement resulted in plans for the demilitarization of Germany, and how it would be administered by Great Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union. Along with the previously mentioned demilitarization, there would also be the removal of any German war production facilities, reversion of all German annexed territory back to their respective countries, and the relocation of any German citizens from any non-German territory.
Modern History Draft Containment During the Cold War there were many different and defining factors that affected the run of the course of this war. Something that affected the Cold War to a large extent was the American policy of containment which was designed to stop communism and their methods to do so. As America was a country that would normally stay within their own boundaries when responding to troubles. The Cold War, in particular, was a different war for America as they felt that they needed to get involved in this worldwide event. The Containment Policy was created by George Kennan in 1947 and was the United States’ main method of fighting against the Soviet Union during the Cold War (https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/kennan).
Source A presents the American response to the Marshall Plan, including the motivation for its creation being to revive a working economy in the world to prevent chaos, loss of peace and an unbalanced economy. Source B then presents the Soviet response to the Marshall Plan, suggesting that it was a clear threat to its influence in Eastern Europe and it was an attempt to spread their economic and political control. Clearly the superpowers had totally different responses to the creation of the Marshall Plan, and the sources express these responses from both sides in great
Once this commitment happened American troops landed in Europe and helped fight against the enemy, and also contributing to the biggest battle in history, the D-Day Invasion. (A “Might Endeavor”- D Day). Finally, Roosevelt helped in foreign policy working with leaders around the world. This can be seen many different times throughout history, for example the Yalta Conference, where the big three met to discuss Nazi Germany’s situation regarding their surrender and also to discus post war plans. Here Roosevelt also talked about the elections that would be held in Eastern Europe and convinced Stalin to allow free elections(Yalta
In response to the Marshall Plan, Stalin began really enforcing whatever power he had, “Stalin fell into the trap the Marshall plan laid for him, which was to build the wall that would divide Europe” (32). Stalin’s reaction to the Marshall Plan demonstrated a shift in U.S. policy towards the containment of Soviet influence and gave way to Truman’s approval of NSC-68. The document was essentially an outline of American strategy in response to communism, it greatly increased the defense budget, and to more broadly define it, it allowed America to take “any measures, overt or cover, violent or non-violent” to advance our cause in the Cold War without “jeopardizing the integrity of our system” (170). This eventually gave purpose to the Vietnam War, but conclusively, Truman’s contributions were
The Red Scare began after World War 2 had ended. The threat of a Cold War with the Soviet Union was looming over the United States. To ensure that the United States would have support in this Cold War, the Truman Administration took a strongly anti-communist stance on the home
The Truman Doctrine was George Kennan’s idea to contain communism by using force and changing political and geographical areas. George Kennan wrote in a February 1946 telegram that the “intent of the Soviet Union was to disrupt United States ‘authority’”. During this time, the USSR began using puppet governments in Eastern Europe to spread their idea of communism. The U.S. saw that the Soviets were after the Middle East and Western Europe next. During Greek civil war, Secretary of State Dean Acheson stated that if Greece fell to communism, a large portion of the surrounding area
The Soviet Union requested substantial reparations from Germany, but the United States recalled the reason that World War II started was because of post World War I reparations. In March and April 1947, the United States, British, French, and Soviet officials met in Moscow to arrange Germany’s future, but failed. After the conference, the Western Allies unified their German occupation zones to create West Germany. In response to this, Soviets built the Berlin Blockade, cutting off railways, highways, and waterways into West Berlin. To counteract this, the United States airlifted food and supplies to the residents, until Soviets finally realized their blockade was not achieving their goals, and tore it down in May 1949.
When Stalin died in 1953, Nikita Khrushchev came into power. He brought about huge changes such as the de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, the progress of the early Soviet space program, and ‘several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy’. However, as to quote the internet, ‘Hoping eventually to rely on missiles for national defense, Khrushchev ordered major cuts in conventional forces. Despite the cuts, Khrushchev 's rule saw the most tense years of the Cold War, culminating in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Some of Khrushchev 's policies were seen as erratic, particularly by his emerging rivals within the Party, who quietly rose in strength and deposed him in October 1964’.
Explain how the end of World War II contributed to the rise of Cold War tensions by doing the following: 1. Discuss the effect of the arms race on the rise of Cold War tensions. The nuclear arms race was directly correlated with rising tensions during the cold war. After one nation made an advancement the other would quickly counter with something combatable. To further the illustration, the Soviet Union learned Eisenhower was beginning to stockpile weapons leading the development of the Soviet Union own H-Bomb.