Another “weapon”, the Soviet Union had was also the United States fear of nuclear weapons because they were in an arm race. Which in document 7, describes it as the “... buildup to a “balance of terror”, which some saw as a deterrent to war”. Both nations feared the others use of the nuclear weapons and who had more or whose were more
Unrestricted submarine warfare outraged many Americans because its application was an attack upon innocent civilian. Unrestricted submarine warfare also breaks an international law which states that the civilians of two warring countries are not targets. Germany not only harmed civilians, but it also broke international law. Through the sinking of the Lusitania, the public’s view of Germany’s unrestricted warfare policy intensified, and more people began to favor American involvement in the war. The sinking of the Lusitania became one of the most important events of the Great War because its reaction is, “the first step towards American involvement in the war.” (Hill
Using psychological manipulation and fear through war, falsehoods, and torture, Big Brother retains absolute control over one’s thoughts and actions, and thus strips the individual of humanity. Although the society illustrated in George Orwell’s novel seems implausible, Orwell aimed to reflect certain aspects of the time period in which he lived and warn readers of the impending future he foresaw. The rise of tyrannical governments during the 1940s, such as Hitler in Germany and Stalin in Russia, fueled Orwell’s paranoia and thus resulted in Big Brother, the representation of totalitarian government he predicted could arise. This, along with the seemingly constant warfare and the inherent loss of highly valued democratic ideals provoked Orwell’s allegory as a way to warn the general public. As a result of the communist and fascist dictatorships of Orwell’s time, 1984 sought to reflect the tactics of manipulation, fear, and stripping one’s individuality employed to control the population by illustrating the principal theme of totalitarianism.
The US was frightened by the spread of Communism, especially to their own nation. In the Cold War era of the 1950s, the US initiated a Red Scare, which was the promotion of fear of Communist ideology through aggressive, and sometimes ridiculous tactics. Under the leadership of Senator Joseph McCarthy, the nation
Hitler in particular saw communism as a threat to Nazism (Fascism) because of the fact that many of the principles of nazism contrasted to those of communism. For instance the factor of race in Nazi ideology played a part in the breaking of the pact because of the fact that nazis glorified the aryan race and wanted to expand their influence throughout Europe, their principles of race caused the dehumanization of other races including the Baltic race in Russia, explained in Hitlers Mein Kampf. Before opperation Barbarosa on September 1940, Germany invited the USSR to join the Tripartite Pact, an alliance between the Axis powers in Europe including Japan. The pact was not signed by the USSR because of the comments that German Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels made towards Russians, which he described as ‘Bolshevik subhumans’ . This showcases how the ribbentrop-molotov pact was merely a strategy from Germany to invade the USSR in a surprise manner rather than to make a lasting alliance, the fact that Germany saw russians as “subhuman” insinuates that Germany had no means in having peace with the USSR because of their inferiority
The end of World War Two resulted in a power struggle for ideological world dominance between the United States, who were convinced that post war world desired democracy, and the Soviet Union, who saw the postwar period as an opportunity to expand their idea of communism. Having observed the power and impact of propaganda as utilized by the Nazis in Germany, both countries developed numerous methodologies to spread their message and create a fear of the ‘other’ and support for their ideological views of the world. This result in what became known as the Cold War, in which both countries utilized indoctrination through education, which became a legitimized practice adopted by both nations (Hope, 2011). Because of the genuine threat of nuclear
Competition with each other for better nuclear weapons and space arms all contributed to the increasing tensions between the two countries. The Cold war was also caused by mistrust,misconceptions,and misunderstandings on both sides. There were many things that led to the Cold War. It can be summarized into two main points: the competition and growing tensions between the USSR and USA due to their political difference, the nuclear arms race. The first and biggest cause of the Cold War was because of President Stalin and President Truman’s political differences and their mutual distrust towards each other.
The peace treaty of Versailles had created a lot of hatred between nations, especially Germany, which was left humiliated and isolated. When Germany gained power again and resisted the obligations of Versailles, other European powers became alert and saw the need for new alliances. They all feared another war. Nationalist fascist leaders gained power in Germany, Italy, and Spain. These nations were very militaristic and probed for a new war, especially Germany.
However, the American president made a point to let all know it was time to attack. This caused a massive argument for varying nations who had diverse opinions. b. Quote: “Many of the colder countries were what you used to call the “First World.” One of the delegates from a prewar “developing” country suggested, rather hotly, that maybe this was their punishment for raping and pillaging the “victim nations of the south.” Maybe, he said, by keeping the “white hegemony” distracted with their own problems the undead invasion might allow the rest of the world to develop without imperialist intervention.” Pg.
During the Cold War, conflict between the USSR and the West was at an all time high as they fought for world domination.The overwhelming desire for power created a dangerous and closed minded sense of patriotism.The film, The Bridge of Spies by Steven Spielberg, is structured to explore historical events of the Cold War period in order to emphasize how the theme of patriotism blinds what it means to be human. The film comments on the treatment of James B. Donovan and Rudolf Abel and how they were isolated because the USSR and the United States despised espionage so much that everyone chose an animalistic sense of patriotism over remaining civil and maintaining human values. This film refers to the historical events of the Cold War period by mentioning the Rosenberg Case, accused spy Rudolf Abel and the story of Francis Gary Powers. The Rosenbergs were brought up when Donovan was having dinner with his family. Donovan called them, “American traitors” because they committed espionage for the Soviet Union.