Throughout the history of Western Europe, monasticism held an incredibly important place in society, a continuous presence in a chaotic world. Though the very first monks originated in the East, far earlier than they appeared in the West, monasticism was a guiding force in the shaping of the Middle Ages. Even as the political structure of Western Europe was turned on its head, monasticism quietly remained, changing to suit the needs and beliefs of the period. Though certain aspects remained the same, for example, the monastery’s presence as a center of peace and refuge, between 400 and 1100, monasticism had vastly changed, both at its core and in its outward appearance. The first form of monasticism to enter the West, just at the end
From 500 to 1500 AD Europe was not in a dark age, because of their advances with the Gothic Cathedrals, their conquests in the Crusades, and their organization within their Government. During 1163 through 1345 Europe had many architectural advancements, such as the Gothic Cathedral and the Notre Dame. According to the Gothic Cathedral document in Universities and Cathedrals it states,”Common features of gothic cathedrals included architectural innovations, including: large columns, high ceilings with ribbed vaults, flying buttresses, and large stained glass windows.” This quote supports that Europe was not in a dark age because it shows how many architectural innovations were made during this time period. The conquests of the Crusades support that Europe was not in a dark age because they brought many new trade items to Europe and they conquered new land and reconquered some land.
This idea sparks questions such as, how does architecture affect human behavior, or what style of architecture has the greatest, positive affect on human relations? Sociologists have been trying to answer similar questions for many years. However, little research has been conducted in the field of architectural sociology. “Architectural sociology is the study of how socio-cultural phenomena influence and are influenced by designed physical environment” (Smith & Bugni, 2006, p.123). There are many different types of buildings in the world and they all affect humans in different ways.
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq, were two civilizations that shaped the way with regards to the religious, public works, and government aspects of our lives. They showed how to act in order to be successful. Many of the acts that were performed in ancient times are still done today. There are many aspects that go into a civilization, but the three that were really significant in the ancient civilizations of Egypt and different Mesopotamian civilizations were the similarities and differences between the religious, public works, and governmental aspects. When archeologists look at two different civilizations they often use the skill of comparison.
During the fifteenth century, civilizations throughout the world experienced many expansions and contractions. The flourishing of new empires along with the revival of already existing societies caused many shifts in demographics, trade, communication and power worldwide. Western Europe experienced a period of rapid growth over only a few centuries as it became host to many powerful imperial states such as Spain, Portugal, the Netherlands, France and England, all countries that grew out of small independent feudal kingdoms. In contrast to these young radically changing states was China, which had been united and broken up many times throughout its long history. The revival under the Qing Dynasty shows the China’s imperial side as it conquers
In ancient history Romans have always been the dominant force that would build itself back up and strengthen into a major civilization for hundreds of years to come. Although, what a lot of people don’t know is how the Romans initially began or perceived to be created as a people that was born from mythological stories that tied into their own culture at the time. Titus Livius (Livy) was an historian that wrote many books on the history of Rome, but today we will only go through an English translation from 1919 of Livy’ first book. We will be discussing what happened (what was written down as the origin of Rome), some interesting points in the text, and analyze the way Livy wrote/structured his work. Let’s start with a summary of what the book is about.
Then in the early 1900s Gerald Gardner wrote various accounts revolving around a coven he joined in 1939 (Carroll). He was a British Civil servant who added rituals, symbols, concepts and elements from ceremonial magick to add to the coven’s practices, as many of them had been forgotten (Carroll). However, it was not only writers who helped influence
The Core Curriculum Conundrum The United States has hundreds of Universities, each with their own self-proclaimed “strengths.” Amongst the engineering, military, and art schools stands a branch of institutions whose aim is exactly the opposite of this. Liberal arts institutions pride themselves on not being strong only in one specific area but rather a broad spectrum of disciplines. When one enters a liberal arts school, they walk into a community with an emphasis on a holistic, well cultured education. At Boston College (BC), this multi-disciplinary education style is more structured than other institutions. BC mandates students take “core classes” which include everything from classes in cultural diversity to natural sciences to theology.
Throughout the history of our country, from its settlement in the late 1600’s to modern times, there have been many events that we can name and immediately think of and remember what happened. For instance, most people can explain why 9/11 happened, or what the causes behind the Civil War were. However, one of the more famous events in American history is not as obvious as people like to think. On one fateful night in Boston, in 1773, a ragtag band of colonists did something that would go down in history as one of the most famous events of the pre-Revolution era. The context of this important event are almost as important as the event itself; British parliament enacted legislation that went against what the American colonists considered being fair (this, of course, is a generalization of the situation, but it still holds true for what the majority of people thought back then).
Introduction Romanesque architecture started around 1000 to 1200 AD around the middle ages, extending from the decline of the Roman Empire until the begging of gothic architecture. It is one of the most influenced styles of architecture but also one of the most hard to characterize. Unlike other styles it developed independently in diverse locations such as Italy, Spain, England and France. Its characteristics come from the ancient roman architecture that developed into bigger prettier and more complex constructions. However, there are different views in where it spread first as well as where it got more influence from.
Post-occupation Boston was different to today’s cities in a multitude of ways. Many differences were due to the time period but some were specific to Boston’s political and geographic landscapes. Like other recovering cities between 1775 and 1880 Boston had to deal with issues regarding; sanitation, congestion, and regulation. Over time many of these issues have been fixed as local and central government became more established. Established in 1630, Boston was one of the earlier settlements in Colonial North America.
Extra Characters in Beowulf Beowulf is a story that has been around since the year 580, or since 1000 AD. With that being said, there are bound to be several adaptations and modern re-imaginings of the same story about this dynamic warrior and all his glorious battles. The epic Beowulf (Heaney,Seamus) and one of its modern adaptation Beowulf and Grendel (Gunnarson, S) has a few similarities, but they also have a great deal of differences, ranging from views on religion, Women, and even changing some of the story’s main characters. The movie’s addition of the main characters such as Grendel’s son, the witch, and Grendel’s dad, show that we, as the modern people, have a vastly different worldview with regards to the hardships of life’s complexities. A major addition to the main character 's roster was Grendel’s son.
Considering that creationism had been ingrained into virtually every facet of English culture and society for the last one thousand years going back all the way into the dark ages of Europe, it wasn 't easy for naturalist theories to prevail. The Renaissance during the 1400 's and 1500 's certainly threw a wrench into the status-quo but it wasn 't until the Darwinian Evolution during the mid-1800s that these evolutionary beliefs became widely accepted. Early scientists and thinkers like Georges Cuvier, Comte De Buffon, and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck built the foundation of evolutionary principles that Charles Darwin would later capitalize on in his research. After the publication of his famous book On the Origin of Species, a backlash, especially