Gabriel Aborisade GEOG130-0108 Legacies of Colonization in Nigeria 03/02/2018 Introduction The name Nigeria was coined from the river Niger. Miss Flora Shaw who later became Lady Lugard named it Niger-Area on January 8th, 1897. Nigeria became a British protectorate as a Northern and Southern protectorate. Those two protectorates were amalgamated by 1914 by Lord Lugard. After 60 years of colonial rule, Nigeria finally gained her independence on October 1st, 1960.
During this time period known as The Age of Imperialism, many European states established extensive empires throughout Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Because of the economic needs that were promoted as a result of the Industrial Revolution, these Europeans states pursued these countries through the act of imperialism. Although Britain controlled Nigeria and India using the same style of government control, they differed when it came to the ethnic group interactions and the trade success in other countries. First, The way Britain controlled Nigeria and India related through the indirect control the British had on each country during this time. Although the Nigerians were seen to rebel against foreign intervention, the British quickly defeated
Introduction On October 1st 1960 , British rule over Nigeria as a colony ended, as well as most of its official structure. Nigerian leaders were left with the task of taking up the leadership of the Nigerian people from the British with a promise of democratic rule; however within fifteen years after independence various institutions experienced great changes bringing great instability and uncertainty to the newly founded government. Northern and Southern regions of Nigeria both felt the impacts in education, politics, religion and ethnically. This causes one to wonder what the British Imperialistic government did differently, and why the difference between the Southern and Northern region became so evident in the fifteen years after independence. This essay will evaluate the question `why did the differences between Northern and Southern Nigeria become so evident in the fifteen years following independence from British rule?´.
The effects of British colonization were permanent, embossed into ideals of Nigeria manifest in its present day condition. Britain’s indirect rule of Nigeria intensified the conflicts and only promoted a lack of unity between the north and south; British colonizers cultivated great wealth in South Nigeria due to the Niger River and the control of palm oil trade by the Royal Niger Company, while in North Nigeria, the Sokoto Caliphate ruled over the region, often engaging in warfare with other kingdoms and conducting slave raids. Thus, when independence finally came to Nigeria, these vast disparities left behind a country fragmented into cultural, ethnic, and economical strata. (Nigeria, Mount Holyoke
Legalism was important as it reassured power into the ruler’s hands, forcing people to follow strict legal codes making them obedient to the ruler. This led Lord Yang to abolish the previous landowning mechanism of aristocracy and replaced it with centralised bureaucracy, whereby members were appointed and dismissed on military merit. The Qin developed a bureaucratic office and rank whereby they could control each and every aspect of people’s lives. The Qin Empire under these reforms was divided into 36 provinces with 2 government officials in charge of each province. Each province was further divided into district with their own 2 officials to maintain checks and balances within the bureaucracy.
In 1967, the attempt of Biafra (Southeastern Brazil), separate yourself from the rest of Nigeria was received with violence and a civil war that lasted three years. Somewhere between one and two million people lost their lives, many were homeless, while others were left to die of hunger after the rest of the country, cutting the supply of food for the southeast region of Nigeria (Smith, 2005). During this period, many employees educated and intellectuals who dared to challenge the government fled the country for fear of persecution. "Today, it is estimated that the United States is home to approximately 10,000 "Exiled Nigerian Academics' " (Tettey, 2003:4). The discovery of oil in the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria in 1950 ushered in a new era of greater political instability.
p.12). According to Ola (2015) one of the main effect of colonial rule in Nigeria remains the “distortions of natural boundaries without due recourse to antecedent institutions and cultures. The western civilization submerged and dismantled indigenous institutions and, in its place, a foreign rule was established" (p.71) Ola (2015) went further to assert that after dismantling the ‘indigenous institutions’ came the initiation of Western democracy disregarding how these natives were living their lives prior their arrival of the
Introduction Undue influence is a vital concept under the contract law. It exists in situations where one party to a contract entered into an agreement with the other party due to the result of pressure exerted to him by that other party. The innocent party who has been subjected to the pressure may then seek an action to set aside the said contract. Undue influence can be said to be developed from the doctrine of duress under the English Common Law. Hence, it can be said that undue influence has certain similarities to the doctrine of duress under the English Common Law, such as rendering a contract to become voidable, except a few distinctive features.
There were also Territorial battalions; the 6th and the 7th Zambia Rifles soread over the Copperbelt, and Lusaka and Kabwe respectively which had a small staff from the Zambia Regiment. Needless to explore to boot into the history of the Federation, but it will be recalled, in just a few words that the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland existed for just a decade (1953-63) owing to perceived or apparent maladministration propagated by the Federal Government but also compounded by racial and political differences between the majority blacks and the minority whites of the three territories. But what is a federation and why, one may wonder? This question sounds ridiculous at this stage to say the least. However, during the second reading of the Bill in the House of Commons on the dissolution of the federation, on 11 July 1963, Member of Parliament for Thirsk and Malton (Mr Robin Turton) observed that, ‘we did not allow public servants (seconded to the federation from the United kingdom) to explain federation... when I went out
This time was also known as the Nigerian Renaissance, a period containing a large number of very strong Nigerian writers who introduced a powerful new literature. Additionally, although a few countries had al-ready achieved independence, most of Africa was still ruled by colonialism. Nigeria became independent just 2 years after the book was published, at that time colonialism and inde-pendence were subjects of debate. Set in a time of great change for Africans, Achebe's nov-els illuminate two painful features of modern African life: the humiliations visited on Africans by colonialism, and the corruption and inefficiency of what replaced colonial rule. Things Fall Apart focuses on the early experience of colonialism as it occurred in Nigeria, around 1890, from the first days of contact with the British to widespread British administration.