This obviously goes back in saying that when applied in colonies it served the purpose of enriching the mother country of England. England’s key economic concerns with colonies was to get as much wealth from the colonies as they possibly could, which was the key factor for the colonization of British North America. In 1651 The British managed to pass the Navigation Act of 1651. This act stated that all trade between France and English colonies along with Europe and English colonies must be conducted on an English ship. The purpose of this was to improve England’s colony as well as to develop the merchant
Today we are going to talk about one of the major European exploration and colonization groups of America, I chose to write about the Spanish. And most likely you have heard about Christopher Columbus. But today we 're going to talk a little deeper into his voyage and exploration he did. Columbus was the first to sail to the “New World.” He discovered hints of a new world, and he even found many island and places. A few of the places he found were San Salvador, he sailed until he reached Cuba and eventually Haiti.
Exerting power through numerous methods, the British influence and control in India increased to an extent that it was controlling many parts of the country. European states required raw materials and a market to sell and trade their commodities. At length, these imperative resources were lacking and were needed in sufficient quantities due principally the Industrial Revolution. Henceforth, these European states competed for industries and markets in Africa and Asia. With this in mind, Britain joined the scramble for countries to colonize.
They were leaders of exploration and started the Age of Exploration in their hopes to find a route to Asia only traveling by sea. Many people were important to Portugal’s discovery of India and its development of African trade posts. Prince Henry the Navigator, who earned that title by establishing a navigation school for sailors who wanted to explore the world, was a great supporter of these journey, sponsored many trips, and gave many great ideas that sailors and explorers put to use. Bartholomeu Dias was the first European to sail around the southern tip of Africa, soon to be known as the Cape of Good Hope. Even though he did not achieve his intended task, he was still able to achieve what was a major accomplishment.
The meaning of “When Worlds Collide” is still relevant in our world today with the mixing of many different cultures in our society. However, this all began hundreds of years ago when the French, Spanish, and English all decided to come to the “New World”. They all had a goal in mind such as claiming more land, finding different trade routes, spreading their religion, and improving their economies. Their interactions with the Indians and each other have shaped America into what we know it as today. Columbus was one of the first fearless men who wanted to explore.
Even though the Dutch and the Portuguese first saw it as a great trading post, the French and the British saw this as an opportunity to expand their land and a great economic opportunity with the trade of raw materials and new consumers. By 1767, after the French were defeated, the British begun to colonize all of India through direct and indirect colonialism. The East India Company controlled the country since 1600. As it gradually extended their power it had no choice but to make deals with local princes in areas to make trade profitable. These concessions are a great example for indirect rule.
During the 17th century, slavery from Africa was very common in the United States. During 1776, Americans gained freedom from Britain, some African slaves fought alongside with White Americans to gain freedom from America while fighting for America’s freedom. Even though African slaves fought in the Revolutionary War, most African slaves were unable to get their own freedom. In the southern states there was a high demand for cotton and tobacco labor. Southern states like Alabama, Maryland, the Carolinas, Tennessee, and Georgia had large fertile land for cropping.
The colonies (British) produced a vast volume of goods like sugar, rice, tobacco and indigo needed for the home market, and the nation grew rich at the expense of slaves. Britain and United States acted swiftly within two decades to abolish the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Abolition emerged as one of the most important reform measures ever taken in 18th and 19th century. There are questions still puzzling the historians on how and why the slave trade was abolished. The interpretation of abolition comes in two dimensions; first it was made popular in 19th century to explain it in terms of humanitarian and moral movement.
Most large leaders in the North and South saw this distinction, and it was heavily credited as the leading factor of the Civil War. Raw cotton even after it became ‘profitable’ to sell was highly dependent on external forces, which meant that growing it was risky because it was a highly nutrient demanding crop. This meant that after using a field a few times for cotton production that you would have to move on, or grow something much less profitable. Only the top portion of the farmers in the South could afford to sustainably, and profitably produce cotton in large amounts. Most farmers in the South had much smaller farms, and more often than not would go into debt.
This fall caused fear in Europeans. An anticipation of spreading Christianity was also a major factor in causing exploration. Similarly, mercantilism also pushed Europeans to explore the world by causing Europeans to pursuit wealth. The accomplishments of the Age of Exploration also brought a European Golden Age known as the Renaissance. An intensification of Europe’s wealth and power, the rise of financial institutions, and social vicissitudes all rehabilitated into the
England had a harsh climate and geographical factor for Planting crops (let.rug). However, settlers took advantage of the harbor producing wood. It increased trade becoming a commercial and industrial area (let.rug). While Hudson Valley, New York had abundance wheat and flour that became the colony’s most important source of exports (let.rug). With the economy growth, colonies turned to promote a modern environmental development of the New World.
The colonists settled in the New Word because they hoped for a new beginning. The achievement of this travel justified that the colonies can be marketed for England 's manufactured goods. "England saw the colonies as a way to sell more goods and resources to other countries." (Marks). The rulers influenced them to cross over to the New World because it 's possible to expand their empires to America.
In 1607, the first wave of colonial settlers arrived in Virginia and began to establish Jamestown. Many of the new settlers came from wealthy families never performing a day of manual labor. With agricultural farming, being the revenue source of the new colonial settlers there would soon be a great demand for labor. Contracts of indentures were expiring and with much devastation in England, there was a shortage of English servants. Since the number of Africans far outweighed English servants, the English dominant sought to take advantage of this and in 1662 passed an act that racialized slavery by defining it as a status inherited “according to the condition of the mother.” In January 1639/40, Act X passed stating, “All persons except negroes to be provided with arms and ammunition or be fined at pleasure of the Governor and Council” giving us one of many documented acts of how racial freedom was affected.
The development of these public services was done with the use of the slaves”. The Romans built their empire by using slaves, the Romans had no chance to terminate the use of slaves. Although Roman Empire had more slaves than most countries it is unclear as to when the slaves came about “we do not know when Rome became a slave society, merely documents the existence of slavery at that time”. Finally, to summarize The Roman Empire was no doubt an untouchable force that used all its resources to the fullest of its abilities. They millions of slaves, changed them out like clothing, they were forced to work till they died, or paid the debts they owed.