Colonial Discourse In Literature

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Discourse refers to a collection of narratives, statements, and opinions dealing with a certain topic. Here Colonial discourse means the collection of narratives, statements, and opinions that deals with colonized people. But there is something wrong in this discourse which makes it the central problem of postcolonial writers. the problem is that this discourse is defined by European colonizers and from their perspective without any attention to natives sight. "This discourse isn 't very kind to colonized peoples. It usually portrays them as savages, as uncivilized, as lazy, and as servants while colonizers themselves are usually presented as civilized and benevolent and generous." ( theory) The most important goal…show more content…
At that time there were many blank spaces on the earth, and when I saw one that looked particularly inviting on a map (but they all look that) I would put my finger on it and say, 'When I grow up I will go there. '…But there was one yet - the biggest, the most blank, so to speak - that I had a hankering after." (Heart of Darkness, chapter 1) Marlow wants to fill the blank spaces on the map with all his discoveries, and so he is drawn to the most blank of them all: Africa. His great desire to fill this hollow is one of the major themes of all postcolonial…show more content…
As I mention before, the elements of postcolonial literature are somehow mixed together. For example Conrad uses the concept of lack of identity in a paradoxical way, and somewhere we can see he is Marlow that feel completely lost and without identity. It is a mixture of counter-discourse and the theme of identity, when he said: "Mind, I am not trying to excuse or even explain - I am trying to account to myself for—for—Mr. Kurtz—for the shade of Mr. Kurtz. This initiated wraith from the back of Nowhere honored me with its amazing confidence before it vanished altogether." (Heart of Darkness, chapter 2) Kurtz is not a whole human being; he is a shade or wraith, something that is literally a ghost of its former self and on the verge of vanishing into nothingness. It seems that he is completely lost his identity in the jungle. By the end of his journey, Marlow is so mixed up that he might as well be singing, "I Am the Walrus." Although he starts off with a clear sense of who he is (white, successful, explorer), the jungle and the wilderness pretty quickly get him all mixed up. Is black white? Is civilization actually wild? They are the signs of searching for identity that exist all over the book. The biggest paradox in the story, Marlow changes from a civilized man to a savage one and this reversal is the most perfect goal of a postcolonial

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