Due to Portugal’s successful colonization, the Spanish began to plan their own colonization. In 1492, Christopher Columbus and the Spanish discovered the New World. Columbus was trying to find a more efficient and faster route to Asia. While using his knowledge of the wind and current patterns, they discovered the New World. The Spanish found different kinds of wealth within in the New World, many of Spanish wasn’t looking wealth.
The political conspiracy made it impossible to keep the operation strictly commercial. The Dutch Republic sanctioned the capture of enemy ships, which the start of an important strategy of Dutch-Asian trade. Capturing Portuguese ships proved to be a rich source of goods, which developed in to attacking Portuguese establishments. The first four fleets of the VOC between 1603-1607 sieged Mozambique, Goa and Mallaca, which followed in attacking Ambon and the the Mollucas. Whenever the VOC took possession of Portuguese establishments they had difficulties staying in power.
Add to this that Europe needed a place to house and employ their surplus population, and you can see why New Imperialism held the promise of economic growth. In fact, an excellent example of this were the Dutch, who sent almost a million people into Indonesia to work. Although many of these Europeans they sent either succumbed to disease or fled back to Europe, the Dutch influence can still be seen in Indonesia. Industrialists and businesswomen were eager for opportunities to invest their spare money in ventures which would bring them bigger profits than their investments in their own countries. They put their government under pressure to take over undeveloped lands.
He is then portrayed as a true Englishman who really loved to increase the English territory and its autonomy. He is the figure of English imperialism, capitalism and more especially colonialism. According to Wolfgang Reinhard colonialism in terms of a history of ideas constitutes a developmental differential due to the control of one people by an alien or foreign one (2008:1). Colonialism is not limited to a specific time or place. However, in the sixteenth century, colonialism changed decisively because of technological developments in navigation that began to connect more remote parts of the world.
‘Colonialism’ can be described as a policy or practice of acquiring partial or complete control over another country with new setters called as colonizers and hence exploiting the colonized country economically. In other words it’s the expansion of colonies by people of one territory in other territory. The Colonial period in history referred from 15th century – 20th centuries when many European nations like Portuguese, Spain, France , Belgium , Britain, Germany, Italy etc started establishing their colonies in various continents. There were various reasons given for Colonialism example : profit making, expansion of power , religious and social benefits. However
Towards the close of the nineteenth century and the start of the twentieth century, European imperialist governments in their quest to expand their territories for various reasons aggressively scrambled and invaded the African continent. Initially, the gullible African societies, most of which were decentralized, welcomed the foreigners but after realizing the stakes some mounted resistance (Johnston,43). As expected, the more sophisticated imperialist governments prevailed in most of the colonies and subdued the natives. The effects of the foreign presence were monumental, and it would take more than half a century for these colonies to free themselves from the oppressive rule and become independent governments. Until the late 1800’s, European traders had been occasional visitors at the coastal regions of most the African continent.
Gentrification occurs in cities as a strategy of renovating previously inhabited spaces to cater to outside population’s of affluence. This strategy is implemented through the tactics of the beautification of the space which, consequently increases property values. As a result, the increased property values displace the original residents and replaces them with wealthier newcomers. In many ways, the earliest form of gentrification, or settler colonialism, aimed to invade and replace indigenous populations by enforcing a new distinctive identity and establish a sovereignty. In other words, the spatial practice of settler colonialism is embedded in the productive power of what is thought of as racially superior population with the excuse of “improving empty landscapes”.
There was a great demand for spices, especially at fairer prices, from European traders. This was because prices for pepper and other spices were very expensive and unfair. The British wanted access to spices that were not controlled by the Dutch and so found their own ports in India. Although the initial British interest in India was spices, they soon found other products to trade. In Siam early trade was done with China, natural produce being their goods, one of the main produce
In the early 15th century, the western European powers and Soviet powers started to colonize the world with the beginning of Age of discovery. The process of decolonization began after the end of Second World War, but even today strict conflict is observed in the colonized states. The conflict resulted from the past colonial or soviet policies, mainly concerning the conflict for territorial boundaries, overlooked ethnic groups, mal-distribution of wealth in the society, mal-treatment of indigenous groups, local administrative setups, and the foundation of non-autonomous and non-participatory administrative setups. Thus, it is crucial to study how colonialism impacted on postcolonial political development. This essay not only examines the disputes but also studies the hurdles of post-colonial states in formation of autonomous governing states.
Any analysis regarding postcolonial literature first requires an understanding of the period of colonization and the subsequent decolonization of the established colonies. Essentially, colonization was the setting up of colonies by the Europeans among widespread nations, with the aim of spreading the three C’s- Commerce, Christianity and Civilization. The impact thus caused was evident not only in the form of nature’s exploitation but also in the minds of the colonized. Due to colorization, a lot of nations suffered a brutal history with racial undertones and excessive exploitation. This then not only affected their land, but also their minds; as they began to be governed and controlled by the European invaders.