Romanticism was a reaction to the Industrial Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment which were both components of modernity. Although Romanticism took the role of visual arts and literature, it also took the form of historiography. Cooper wrote novels that were based on war and other historical events. Since romanticism is the literary time period, Cooper’s novels involved romantic tellings (Davis). Cooper was born on September 15, 1789 in Burlington, New Jersey.
For instance, the poet David Humphreys (1752-1818) developed The Widow of Malabar (1790) from a French source. While Dwight and Barlow devoted their time to create a national epic, Royall Tyler (1756–1826) was busy trying to establish a national tradition of American drama (Ibid 40). He is most known for The Contrast, written in 1787. It was the “first comedy by someone born in America to receive a professional production” was praised as “proof that these new climes are particularly favorable to the cultivation of arts and sciences” (qtd. in Gray 40).
A poem represents the deep feelings and enables the poet to express his/her emotions of the poet as a response to an external stimulus. William Wordsworth (1770-1850) was a well-known romantic poet and one of the pioneers of the romantic period and he subsequently had a big influence in the Romantic era in English literature. A crucial milestone that affected poetry was the era of romanticism, which arouse in the end of the 18th century in Western Europe. This period refers to philosophical, literary, international artistic and intellectual movement. This movement was due to the industrial Revolution and it redefined the ways the people in Western culture perceived themselves and their world.
The period between the Revolution and the 1820s belonged to the first generation. In that period on national construction, the new nation was engaged in political and military issues. It is not surprising that no great literature is produced in that inappropriate age for creative imagination. In that era of early nationalism the cry for “declaration of literary independence” and a “truly American literature” was heard, but the new nation had to wait for the third generation in the 1850s to realize that national dream (61). The poetry of the early Republic contributed to development of “a sense of nationhood by binding people together in the common expression of patriotic sentiments” (Gilmore 594).
An iconic figure in the history of American literature, Walt Whitman was born on the 31st May 1819. Today his contribution and works in the poetic world have come to define sentimentalism, ambitions and some key experiences that Americans underwent in the 19th century. Even though he may have been politically inactive, his work had the will to display political views. Having survived through the civil war, he grew much affectionate perception on the nature and complexity of American polity. Whitman’s view of America was that of a culturally diverse society that we currently witness as such this vision was mainly expressed in his poetic works.
“‘The Star-Spangled Banner’ also stirred in Americans a new sense of patriotism. When Key wrote his poem, the United States was still a young nation. Just some 40 years earlier, Americans were subjects of the British king. They established an independent country only after defeating Britain in the Revolutionary War” (Sonneborn 20). Key’s words expressed a tale of a sea battle and an unpredictable defeat for Maryland and their untrained militia (Sonneborn 20).
Modernism was not only a thinking revolution but also was a cultural and artistic movement. It happened in both Europe and the United States; the peak of Modernism took place around the time during and after World War. The aim was to create a new and fresh sense of modern life by eliminating all traditional forms of expression belonging to the past. The modernist poet is Thomas Stearns Eliot. He was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on September 26.
The 17th-18th centuries in Europe coincide with the neoclassical movement in literature and art,by now a classical revival is already underway.Dryden himself later in his career will translate the works of Juvenal,Persius,Virgil and other classical authors.MacFlecknoe while it is not replete with allusions to classical texts does contain a few mainly to Virgil's Aeneid.Biblical allusions("was sent before but to prepare thy way") and those from Cowley's Davideis also occur.Dryden was a fervent admirer of Milton's epic Paradise Lost ,In MacFlecknoe the most obvious reference to Milton appears in a brief reference to the regal appearance of Flecknoe,the reigning but aged monarch of dullness and "all the realms of nonsense absolute"
The official end of the American Revolution was the Treaty of Paris in 1783, signed as an official acknowledgement of American Independence. After the war, the countries of the world all recognized the new country's independence. The newborn county, proudly named the United States of America, went through some difficult times, Even some of our greatest accomplishments, such as the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, have been vastly affected by this revolutionary
William Wordsworth: Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey Romanticism was a movement, stem from Europe in the late 18th century. This movement made a huge impact on the various branches of art, such as painting, music, dance, but most importantly on literature. The key figures of romanticism in English Literature were: Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lord Byron, John Keats, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and William Wordsworth. The turning point in literary history was in 1789 when Wordsworth and Coleridge wrote Lyrical Ballads, a collection of poems which was a revolution in English poetic style. The important aspects during the composition of these poems were that the incidents and agents had to be supernatural and that the subjects had to be chosen from ordinary life.