Colonialism and Imperialism affected our world both positively and negatively. On one hand, Imperialism has often been linked with racial segregation, manipulation, and hardship. On the other, it has been said that many colonial powers contributed much in terms of schools, roads, railways, and much more. Whether this time period was constructive or harmful, it has played a large part in shaping our lives today. European Imperialism started long before the 1800’s.
As mentioned before, colonialism is the act of acquiring foreign lands to grow economic and political power through the subjugation and exploitation of the indigenous people and the natural resources of their land. Colonialism goes hand in hand when discussing the history of mankind. Whether it be the ancient pre-colonial African empires of the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans or the age of discovery empires of the Spanish, British, and French; colonialism can be described as the history of domination. One of the starkest differences between colonialism and settler colonialism is the fact that colonialism seeks to subjugate and exploit the indigenous peoples while settler colonialism only seeks mainly to destroy and replace the indigenous population through genocide and other violent means. A great example of this glaring difference of philosophy can be illustrated by looking at the contrasting ways in which the United States expanded westward into Native American land in the 18th as well as 19th centuries and the strategies used in colonizing Hawaii in the early 20th century.
Throughout his book The Racial State Goldberg (2002) argues that race is fundamental to the formation, development and transformation of the modern nation state. Originating in the six-teenth century, racial thinking and racist expression have ever since undergone a process of normalization and naturalization within European societies and their domains of influence. As a consequence, race is inherent to modernity both as an existential condition and as a form of rule. 3.2.1 A brief History of Racial Differentiation throughout Colonial Times European concerns about foreigners have had a very long history dating back to the estab-lishment of slavery in the fifteenth century. From the sixteenth century onwards, Europeans and those of European
Imperialism and its consequences Imperialism is the term that describes one nation’s dominance over another nation or territory. In the 1800s there were four types of imperialisms, which were; Colonial imperialism, Economic Imperialism, Political Imperialism, and the Socio-Cultural Imperialism. Colonial Imperialism, this form of imperialism is virtual complete takeover of an area, with domination in all areas: economic, political, and socio-cultural. Economic Imperialism, this form of imperialism allowed the area to operate as its own nation, except for the trading and other businesses. Political Imperialism, although a country may have had its own government with natives in political positions, it operated as the imperialist country
Imperialism is a doctrine, conduct, tendency or system of those regimes that wish to expand their dominance to another or other territories through force (both military and political or economic). An imperialist state, therefore, wishes to impose itself on others. countries and exercise their control. These are nations that have great strength and do not hesitate to use it, either directly or indirectly, on the weakest. Imperialism emerged as a development and direct continuation of the fundamental characteristics of capitalism in general.
Economic benefits mean having control of markets, raw material, and natural resources. Ethnocentrism was a cause of imperialism since its the belief that one race or nation’s values or beliefs were superior to those around them. The Europeans showed an example of ethnocentrism by stating the belief that those inferior races should be conquered in order to make them civilized. Exploration led to imperialism since nations wanted to explore territories that were unknown to them. Nations explored territories to lay claim to them, and sometimes for research means.
Racism is the belief that a particular race is higher or lower than the other people. Racism means to isolate and separate the different races from each other and away from other races. Racism has been found throughout history, and can be determined by the hatred of a person by another or the act on the basis that someone is less than the rest of the people because of hisher color of skin, language, nationality, religion or any other factors though these factors are genetically determined, which means that they are not optional and no one can control them. Racism idea itself has a long history; it has emerged from several many centuries ago. Over the past centuries, Western racism had a clear impact more than any other forms of racism in the history.
LECTURER.> IVAR HENDLA. Defenders of modern imperialism and colonialism, long pleaded their case in terms of the white man’s burden, they reasoned that it was the obligation of advanced nation to help the people of backward nations. (Perkin, Palmer. 2007). Imperialism has a wide range of meaning as different people have varying levels of understanding, some definitions of imperialism include “ imperialism is a policy which aims at creating, organizing and maintaining an empire (which is a state of vast size
A pro of Imperialism is industrialization grew internationally growing businesses and other factories and similar industries. Another pro is the establishment of educational schools by the level of literacy. The resources were used for manufacturing, trade, and the economy. The expansion of territories is advantage of the territories. For Example multiple islands were annexed into the USA.
“Our claim to be left in the unmolested enjoyment of vast and splendid possessions, mainly acquired by violence, largely maintained by force, often seems less reasonable to others than to us” (Darwin). This statement symbolized imperialism among Westerners from the 19th to the early 20th century. As such, this period revealed the extent that several world powers underwent for even greater power and influence. Therefore, the destruction of other societies, the deterioration of their traditions, and the exploitation of their citizens were commodities. The primary causes of imperialism were the social attitude, the economic interest, and the strategic reasoning.