Hence, Herein lays the close connection between feminism and postmodernism. Thus, Postmodernism indicates the wide horizon opening up for exploration from feminist perspective. A perusal of this is bound to open up new vistas of appreciation and understanding. In Addition to, women writers assert that a Feminist theory should be explicitly historical, attuned to the cultural specificity of different societies and periods and to different groups within societies and periods. They wish to analyse the workings of patriarchy in all its manifestations, desire to think in terms of pluralities and diversities rather than unities and universals and articulate ways of thinking about gender without simply reversing the old hierarchies or confirming them.
The journal entitled “Cultural Relativist and Feminist Critiques of the International Human Rights –Friends or Foes”, written by Oonagh Reitman is a good fully equipped critical journal since the author put the focus on the discussion about the similarity between two branches of international human rights, the cultural relativist and the feminist in term of their critiques towards the international human rights and also present the fact of the clash between these two critiques when talking about women’s human rights. This critical review paper will provide a summary of the journal by Oonagh Reitman and more importantly giving arguments of evaluation, comments as well as suggestions to Reitman’s writings itself. Summary The journal is well organized by the author. Reitman has divided the journal into 3 sections to answer how these critiques from two different branches of the international human rights, the cultural relativism and the feminism, clash each other in term of women’s international human rights. The first section contains the examination of cultural relativism argument related to the human rights of women.
Jane Eyre is a book written by Charlotte Bronte. There are so many different theories one can analyze in this book that it would take too much time to analyze each possible theory. Therefore, the theory that I have found to be the most interesting towards me is feminism. So I will analyze feminism in Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre. Feminism is a prominent as well as being a major controversial topic for writing in the past two centuries at least.
gave rise to studies that situated the translated text in its social and historical circumstances and considered its political role, paying attention to ideological values, to cultural, economic and political inequalities, to individual choices and also, most importantly, to the ethics of translation.’ (Castro: 2013:). As Simon also states, translation studies have also been concerned with the central issues of feminism, which are the distrust of traditional hierarchies and gendered roles, deep suspicion of rules that define fidelity and the questioning of the universal standards of meaning and value (1996:10). Consequently, within the framework of a new understanding of fidelity, which is concerned with the strong reflection of women’s experiences
Abstract The paper, titled Female Resistance against Repression throws light on the significance of the institution of marriage and familial love as portrayed in Shobha De’s sensational novel Strange Obsession. It also underscores that women, must be discrete to distinguish between the real and deceptive, fake and genuine, deleterious and healthy. She also exhorts the need for women to master their own self in the process of attaining independence. The emphasis is laid on curbing the unconventional feminine desires which subjugates women. As a socially conscious writer, De attempts to bring these erring women back into the orbit of socially sanctified morality.
Thus they share similar and intimate experience of oppression. That is why postcolonial thinkers have shared concerns with development in feminist theory. They are striving to reassert marginalized voices. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak puts forward rhetorical and ironic question through her essay, “Can Subaltern Speak?” (1985) declares women voiceless. She has focused on the dual burdens carried out by the postcolonial female subjects; both patriarchal and imperial.
Modern feminist political activists commonly campaign for a woman’s right to bodily integrity and autonomy on matters such as reproductive rights including the right to abortion, access to contraception and quality prenatal care, for protection from domestic violence, against sexual harassment and rape, for workplace rights including maternity leave and equal pay, and against other forms of discrimination. These concerns do not always match with those of the classical feminists because the world has got many changes with the pace of time and so the demands of humankind in general and those of women in particular have been different and new in congruity with the time and place. Women are forced to believe in and cope up with their limitations fabricated by the society controlled by men. Simone de Beauvoir invokes in the famous first sentence in part two of The Second Sex (1949), “One was not born a woman; rather, one becomes a woman” (qtd. in Barry 130).
This specifically refers to women´s participation in post-conflict state-building or peace processes. There are pertaining factors limiting women´s political participation in traditional societies of Southeast Asia that have to be taken into account when enhancing women capacities or agency. The factors are as follows: Social norms and stereotypes - social norms and stereotypes have influence on social but also political culture. In more traditional societies, these norms have power to keep women home and without access to education, public life or employment. Legal environment and rule of law – non-existing or fast-track policies and temporary special measures are not only hampering women´s rights but also providing fast-track solutions to complex issues.
Literature has always been a handy tool in exploring the gender relations and several differences. Humanist feminist criticism objects to the exclusion of women from these definitions because they tend towards an inaccurate account of the subjectivity of women rather than a historically reconstructed ideology. Today re-reading of literature assumes an important aspect of any critical project for it would help in the reconstitution of the idea of female subjectivity. Thus a more meaningful subject for literary writings focuses on the idea of psychic fragmentation of the weaker sex rather than on the theme of social oppression which assumes a secondary position. Psychotic rupture is perhaps the worst and most regressive aspect of female subjectivity.