There are economic, cultural, and political are the effects of the industrial revolution and European imperialism on both European nations and their colonies during the time period 1700-1914. European nations gained oversea colonies in North and South America, Africa and Asia. The European nations conquer Africa because they needed raw materials. European-introduced European culture, language, and religion to Africa. The European opened schools in Africa, which teach in the European language and spread Christianity. The European nations divided African and China into colonies.
During the 19th century many European explorers began exploring the interior of Africa. As a result many European countries wanted to colonize Africa.There were many reasons for Europeans wanting to imperialize Africa. Some of the driving forces behind European imperialism were economic, nationalism and White Man’s burden.
In the late 1800s, Europe was scrambling to conquer vast amounts of land. Imperialism had swept the continent by storm, with many countries vying for pieces of Africa and Asia to control. From 1880 to 1900, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy fought for African possessions and by 1900, nearly the whole continent had been split and placed under European rule. There was plenty of motivation for Europeans to conquer the world, and while some supported it, others didn’t.
What was the driving force behind European Imperialism in Africa? Between 1500 and 1800 the Europeans knew little about the interior of Africa their presence was to buy and sell slaves for pots, cloth, and weapons and set sail to America. Late as 1870 ten percent of Africa was under Europeans control and most was along edges by 1914 ninety percent of Africa was in control four years later. Due to the countries that held African colonies in 1914 that involved the British, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spain, and Belgian. France and Britain were the main conquer in African colonies, because there conqueror of land in Africa.
Upon the uncovering of the of the America’s by the European super powers, most of the native American tribes were quickly captured. The question arises as to why the Europeans conquered the Americans and not the other way around. Europe was able to prosper and grow while the indigenous groups of the Americas stayed in the past. European success over American tribes was attributed to the fact that the Europeans possessed more advanced technologies and skills that could be used against natives, Europeans were literate and could record knowledge and events easily, and the European diseases brought over were devastating to the unprepared indian populations.
Although in awe of the resources and scenery, they instantly saw the innocence of the natives people and exploited it. With the conquering of the Aztecs and Incas Europe now had a free labor force. ¨The work was hard and the spaniards were not willing to do it (Document 1),¨ this meant the Native Americans were pushed to their breaking point when mining for gold, silver, and the production of sugar. Within 20 years, the population had all but gone extinct due to disease and war. This meant that their numbers were not enough to fill the quota, seeing that the Americans produced 90% of Europe's sugar during this time period. The African slaves then became the prominent cheap labor market once it was shown the the Africans could withstand harsher treatment. This enacted the Triangular Trading system that that shipped slaves to the Americas, raw goods from the Americans back to Europe, and the finished product back to Africa in exchange for more slaves. Greed influenced an absence of humanitarian concerns because slavery was a way for the rich to get richer and the poor to have a little bit of wealth without doing some of the harsh labor. This caused humanitarian morals to drift to the wayside because it is easy to ignore morals once you do not seen the oppressed as people any more. Slaves were now looked at as property meant to give you more
European countries tried to civilize Africa and succeeded in their movement on trying to imperialize them but only lead the Europeans to making a profit and nothing for the African workers. The only independent African states were Ethiopia and Liberia, the rest was ruled over strong European nations, like Britain and France. European nations ruled over Africa from the late 1800’s to the early 1900’s, King Leopold was one of the most notorious rulers over the African estates, Leopold ruled over the Congo free state and was considered to be one of the richest near his death. What motivated European nations to imperializing Africa were, money, resources, and nationalism.
Spain, Egland, France, and Portugal capitalized on the Americas in order to gain Imperialist growth. These countries sought imperial growth to gain riches, spread their religious beliefs, and exploit natural resources and natives.(31) A great example of how the Europeans Imperialistic growth benefited their country is Spains conquest in the early 1600's. During which time they used Native labor to mine gold and silver that filled their ships. They also sent priest to spread catholicism to their conquered Natives. In the beginning England mainly used the new world to fish but later exploited natural resources and land.(37)
In the New World of freshly established British colonies in America, European settlers felt they could justify enslaving Africans because of their dark skin and different culture. The ignorant colonists told themselves it was acceptable to treat Africans as animals of a different species and to dismiss their sense of humanity by putting themselves above the Africans in their minds and in the social hierarchy of colonial America. From 1619 to 1750 when the American colonies were in need of a larger labor force, it was easier for the colonists to enslave Africans because they viewed the darker-skinned race as being inferior and uncivilized.
Europeans wanted to create a better world between different cultures because at the beginning we study that Cristopher Columbus wanted to civilize native indigenous in order to have a better understanding between the European culture and the Native indigenous. Although the way this ideas were applied it was not the best for Africans and Native Indigenous people. Also, Europeans decided to build their own structure of buildings and crops. Europeans needed Indians in order to have a better understanding of the land, and trained them to become a part of their military and to help them to approach their idea of conquer the new land. In order to achieve their goals the conquest strategies used by Spanners, Portuguese down in Brazil, English, French,
Europe had an upper hand in its military strength and economic power compared to the African continent due to its technical superiority and efficient organization of labor. Europe was the first part of the world to shift from feudalism to capitalism. When Europeans arrived at the Americas, they recognized the immense potential in extracting gold, silver and tropical produce from the land. However, without adequate labor supplies, this possibility could not have been a reality. The Europeans had to substitute for the dwindling Native American population which failed to survive the diseases that the Europeans brought. Had the contributions of African labor in the Americas not been present, the Europeans would have faced a daunting task when attempting
The word colonization referred to the action or process of settling among and establishing control over indigenous people of a particular area. When we look at the Europeans, we can see they did just that when they reached the New World. The settlers used force to get what they wanted, and they wanted everything of value, including land and labor, and to get this they needed to change the Native people, The Europeans treated the Natives very un-human, despising their religions and traditions, and demanding they convert to Christianity as well as denying their humanity. The enslavement Natives endured severe punishment and extremely horrible working conditions on these plantations. The English settlers began to push the Natives off their land
To understand the development, evolution, and implications of racial slavery, one must first understand the collision course between the Americas, Western Europe, and West Africa. It ignited a brutal campaign resulting in the loss of human life and cultural extinction of African and native peoples, “Seeking wealth or land, they commenced a process of conquest and settlement that would alter or destroy the lives of the people who already lived there” (Clark, pg. 8). While no master plan existed for racial enslavement, the belief in racial superiority and possessing an upper hand in terms of socioeconomic standing, allowed for this racial element to become intertwined with slavery. There were some key developments in terms of the progression
The main three purposes for imperialism in Africa are economics, national pride and cultural superiority. Africa has become its own self-sustaining community with tribes that would soon be dominated by European influence and imperialism. By the year of 1850 only 10% of Africa had been claimed by Europe. Europe’s main goal was to imperialize as much land as they could. To imperialize the means when a country takes over an area of land through force and violence. Economics is one of the main driving forces for imperialism in Africa. Economics is the production and consumption of goods and the transfer of wealth to obtain those goods. Nationalism is the pride in ones country. Cultural Superiority is when one ethnicity believes that they are better