He is the epitome of the oppressed indigenous African people and introduces the theme of freedom. Cesaire establishes Caliban as the protagonist of the play and draws significance on Caliban’s attempt towards the quest for freedom. When Caliban is introduced to the audience in the second scene of ACT I, the first word he utters is “uhuru”. This sets the perimeter for his actions throughout the play “A Tempest”, were freedom is foremost on his agenda. Caliban is evidently more defiant and harsh to Prospero in “A Tempest”, were he is rebellious in that he uses his native language and uses language Prospero taught him to retort to Prospero’s commands with insult; this is evident in Caliban’s speech “I’ll impale!
In the beginning Prospero and Caliban got along well; Prospero would teach Caliban language and manners and in return Caliban would show him around the island. Prospero and Caliban maintained an unhealthy relationship because Caliban is convinced that Prospero stole the island from him, and now treating him disrespectfully. Caliban is described to be a disrespectful, disobedient, brutal, always plotting something behind Prospero’s back. As his urge to procreate was developing, he attempted to rape Miranda without regret. Prospero forgiving characteristic seemed to have developed when he was trying to teach obedience to his servant Caliban, but always resulting in misbehaviour.
His writing has been exploring of the painful psychological impact of colonial cultural decline. Comrade Mzala rightly opines that “Art is an important weapon in the struggle; it either reinforces or undermines the power of the oppressor”. Through the novel Petals of Blood and Matigari we see Ngugi writing as a strong social satire. Both novels portray the life after colonial era but the common thing is the same situation and problem faced by natives during colonialism. Ngugi works are characterized by criticism against European unacceptable law and injustice.
Nathan Robinson (n.d.), author of “A Quick Reminder of Why Colonialism Was Bad” explains that colonialism is “A strict hierarchy separates the colonized and the colonizer; you are treated as an inconvenient subhuman who can be abused at will. The colonists commit crimes with impunity against your people. Efforts at resistance are met with brutal reprisal, sometimes massacre”(para 1). Colonialism is the idea of going to countries that are rich in resources i.e. countries in Africa and forcing them to give their goods through various forms such as labor and slavery.
Although he is clearly aware that he is above Roderigo, he addresses him as ‘sir’ ( 'Sir, he 's rash and very sudden in choler, and haply with his truncheon may strike at you. ') when he is trying to persuade Roderigo to go along with his plan. He does this to make Roderigo feel like he is a respected person of high authority to convince him to join him. He feeds Roderigo with lies about Cassio and Desdemona. When Roderigo didn’t believe him, he uses hyperbole to emphasize the relationship between them.
Black Americans are forced to deal with society’s racist views. He grows up in a time period where slavery is legal and blacks are looked down upon. His perception and opinions on slavery are his main struggle. According to the law, Huck is the wrongdoer. Once Huck comes to the realization that he is technically committing a crime, his conscience kept saying, “But you knowed he was running for his freedom, and you could a paddled ashore and told somebody” (109).
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s famous, albeit mistranslated, quote, “Violence can only be concealed by a lie, and the lie can only be maintained by violence,” rings true throughout the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave: Written by Himself. This is shown through the slave owners’ restriction of the slaves’ ability to read and write. In addition, the use of deception to keep the slaves content with their enslaved life also proves the ideas introduced by the quote. Finally, the idea is proven through the punishments inflicted on slaves if they are caught trying to learn to read or write. As Solzhenitsyn speculates in his quote, the violence carried out in the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass can only be concealed
Heart of Darkness is a novella about colonialism, about darkness and light, and about the modifications that arise inside one person while being away from its traditional society. The colonizers were expected to treat the Africans as slaves, to live among them, to make from the massive, dark forest their home. It altered one’s way of being by treating the other with such contempt and even the darkness of forest strikes against the colonizer’s honorable intentions and personality traits by turning the white men into savages. This novella unlike the others of its time stresses about the altered ego instead of the changes happened in the colonized territory. As the novella is based on contrasts, the two characters are also desplayed on the one hand, having distinctions and on the other hand, being similar.
Another example of social hypocrisy is the characters the Duke and the King. The Duke and the King show Huckleberry and Jim how tough it is to live in the society they do. For example, Twain states, “Then he turns around, blubbering, and makes a lot of idiotic signs to the duke on his hands, and blamed if he didn’t drop a carpetbag and bust out a-crying. If they warn’t the beatenest lot, them two frauds, that ever I struck” (Twain 193). Huckleberry tells us how the King and the Duke are faking being a dead man’s brother.
He creates powerful imagery to depict the treacherous treatment slaves are enduring that floods the audience with shame. He provides them with a chance to recall their moral standards and compare them to slavery. He questions them to evoke the truth that slavery is never justifiable. The denouement of his speech is that it is patent to his audience that celebrating freedom with slavery existing is atrocious and want to eradicate