The main and central objective of this dissertation is an effort to evaluate the post colonial thematic preoccupations in the African society and literature. It is an analysis of post colonial thematic preoccupations in the literary work ‘Arrow of God’ by Chinua Achebe and ‘Cry – The Beloved Country’ by Alan Paton. Both novelists have tried to depict the realistic condition of native African colonized people. Imperialism is a kind of aspect in which one country is trying to seek in expanding its power and authority by conquering other countries or by setting up economic and political dominance on the countries. Imperialism starts when one country or nation takes over smaller countries for their land and natural resources.
Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of language in African Literature, London: Heinemann, talked about colonial impact,” colonialism imposed its control of the social production of the wealth through military conquest and subsequent political dictatorship. But its most important area of domination was the mental universe of the colonized the control through culture, of how people perceived them selves and their relation to the world.” To break free from this control, Ngugoi set an example by first writing in his own language, Gikuyu, and then translating them into English. His novels present pictures of Kenya from the 1930s to the contemporary days, the struggle against western domination, and the Mau Mau rebellion. One of the issues Ngugi discussed in his novels is struggle for land. In his first novel, Weep Not, Child, Ngugi describes a Kikuku family and this family has been drawn to the Mau Mau
From beginning to end, Irving demolishes the credibility of the myth, with things such as the invention of the historian Knickerbocker to the judge. Irving points out the flaws that exist in America through the use of Rip. When he does not recognize himself this is synonymous with America’s inability to recognize or define themselves. The society is not in harmony with its thought’s and action’s which disillusions the purpose of the myth giving them a sense of identity. Irving plays off of various inspirations and his character Rip undergoes the typical heroic journey.
Kwame Nkrumah is known as a Ghanaian revolutionary. He was a politician, author, leader, and the first prime minister and president of Ghana, leading it to independence from Britain in 1957. He had a vision of how Africa could be united and work against imperialism while achieving a common goal of colonial freedom. In Towards Colonial Freedom, he delves straight into the topic of colonialism and how it affected Africa and his perception of African unity. Nkrumah starts off in his foreword discussing his experience as a student in the United States of America and how witnessing the “ruthless colonial exploitation and political oppression of the people of Africa” affected him.
Colonization of Africa The European settlers forcibly seized Africans land, resources and plantation. European created myth of “white man’s burden” is to show themselves as enlightened and as someone who is above common natives whereas Africans as savage, uncivilized and barbarians. But it only reveals one fact that how dehumanizing colonialism was in terms of creating hierarchy by categorizing human being. European imperialist mission to dominate the colonized land was based on three main factors i.e. economical, political, and social.
However, when he returned to Nigeria, he is trapped between his tradition and western culture. In the book, Achebe emphasizes a theme of colonial mindset through the alteration of Nigerian culture, the domination of English over local languages and the divinization of Europeans. Achebe uses signified meaning to show how colonialism affected Nigerian
I am talking about a story in which the very humanity of black people is called in question. Chinua Achebe, An Image of Africa The first thing is that the African novel has to be about Africa… But Africa is not only a geographical expression; it is also a metaphysical landscape—it is in fact a view of the world and of the whole cosmos perceived from a particular position. Chinua Achebe, "Thoughts on the African Novel" This is how Chinua Achebe expressed his response towards two different narratives—first, Joseph Conrad's representation of Africans in his novel Heart of Darkness (1899) and second, African writers' role in representing their own people and land. Achebe said that after reading
Firstly, the Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe with his famous pronouncement that Conrad is “a thoroughgoing racist” in his famous lecture “An image of Africa” in 1975, his novel Things Fall Apart as a response to Heart of Darkness and finally his brilliant interview with the American journalist Bill Moyers in which we learn more about Achebe’s insights on the important issues of the African people during and after colonization. Secondly, the Kittitian-British Caryl Phillips who defends Conrad’s novella in his article “Out of Africa” in 2003 and his own response to the short novel with “Heartland”, the first section of his book Higher Ground. This thesis will explore how these two critics have been influenced and how conclusions regarding Heart of Darkness have changed over time. In addition, I will also explain why Chinua Achebe might feel that Conrad’s work is a true offense to the African people. After all, his primary focus has been the identity of Africans after they gained their independence.
the actual conquest and domination of the colonists. Notwithstanding, it alludes to practices and processes in order to colonise these communities. Ania Loomba refers to the necessity of “un-forming or re-forming” the already existing nations by the usage of “trade, settlement, plunder, negotiation, warfare, genocide, and enslavement [original emphasis]” (20). Consequently, the research area of Colonialism analyses scientific literature, testimonies, official documents and other writings thoroughly in order to stand to reason of obstacles, apartheid and, taking the colonised people into account, the personal difficulties in adapting new cultures. Further, the colonisers’ humiliating power during the colonial era is questioned, since the exploitation of the indigenous people was crucial and relevant for the development of one’s identity.