Colonialism In Africa

1997 Words8 Pages
Colonization and Post-Colonization in Africa
Colonialism is the acquisition, exploitation, maintenance and expansion of a colony in one territory by political powers from another territory. Between the 1800 and the 1900, Africa faced European diplomatic pleasures, military invasions and eventually conquest for colonization. At the beginning, African societies set up forms of resistance against the attempt to colonize them. At the dawn of 20th century, much of African countries except Ethiopia and Liberia has been colonized by the European powers. Their imperialism to colonize African countries was motivated by economic, social and political factors. Today, nearly all African countries use the language inherited from the waves
…show more content…
The term is applied to denote the immediate time after colonization. It explains the relationships between nations and areas that some powerful countries colonized or ruled. There are many causes, but the three primary reasons for the lack of development are paramount. In the colonial period, only the rich families could afford quality education. In the recent years, the trend has shifted to provide education to all families irrespective of their status in the society. Since employment opportunities are not available for the educated, they are forced to transfer their skills to other…show more content…
The French and British had covered large areas with a range of cultures and people at different stages of evolution. For them to succeed in ruling the new territories, they implemented policies and institutions to every part of the empire. The colonizers divided African land and initiated property rights that never existed before. They invented health care system, education and infrastructure in many regions. British tried to adapt the colony’s culture while France forced the colonies to learn their facts, speak their language and trade with the France Empire. France used direct ruling while British used indirect ruling which was successful for colonial powers. British colonies developed faster after the post-colonial period. Uganda was colonized by British and has benefited from educational investment as compared by Senegal, which was a France colony and Ethiopia which was not colonized. However, many colonies suffered from extreme rates of poverty, wars resulting from ethnicity, lack of mineral resources and low economic
Open Document