Nathan Robinson (n.d.), author of “A Quick Reminder of Why Colonialism Was Bad” explains that colonialism is “A strict hierarchy separates the colonized and the colonizer; you are treated as an inconvenient subhuman who can be abused at will. The colonists commit crimes with impunity against your people. Efforts at resistance are met with brutal reprisal, sometimes massacre”(para 1). Colonialism is the idea of going to countries that are rich in resources i.e. countries in Africa and forcing them to give their goods through various forms such as labor and slavery.
The picture is from www.capenoctem.tv/img/Shaka.jgp. This is a secondary source. Analysis The Mfecane which means "crushing" was a period of widespread chaos and welfare among African communities in South Africa during the period between 1815 & 1840. The Sotho people call it "difiqane" or "lifaqane" which means 'forced migration' and 'hammering '. Some tribes were scattered, others completely destroyed and new groups formed.
In colonial Africa, the colonialists imposed colonial governments. The political states in Africa lost their power, meaning and independence. Some traditional rulers were kept in office and some of the political structure was retained but political power was passed down to foreign overlords. For example French wiped out the large Muslim states of the Western Sudan as well as in Madagascar. British eliminated states in East African lake region, Swaziland, Matabeland, Asante and Yoruba
Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of language in African Literature, London: Heinemann, talked about colonial impact,” colonialism imposed its control of the social production of the wealth through military conquest and subsequent political dictatorship. But its most important area of domination was the mental universe of the colonized the control through culture, of how people perceived them selves and their relation to the world.” To break free from this control, Ngugoi set an example by first writing in his own language, Gikuyu, and then translating them into English. His novels present pictures of Kenya from the 1930s to the contemporary days, the struggle against western domination, and the Mau Mau rebellion. One of the issues Ngugi discussed in his novels is struggle for land. In his first novel, Weep Not, Child, Ngugi describes a Kikuku family and this family has been drawn to the Mau Mau
Decolonization refers to the process by which colonies became independent and were allowed to govern themselves; from a state of ‘colony’ to that of ‘Republic’. Presently, there are 16 remaining non self-governing territories (Decolonization, 2015). It took different forms with different countries. For some, it was gradual and peaceful while others were violent and characterized by native rebellions who were fired up by nationalism. There were various factors that led to decolonization in Africa particularly after the Second World War (WWII) when European countries generally lacked the wealth and political support necessary to suppress revolts in the colonies (Decolonization, 2015).
As the old saying goes “you will never know where you are going until you know where you have come from”. In South African Schooling system this is also the case, because the majority of South African schools are still practicing the very same western culture that was introduced by colonists to young African slaves in 1658 such as Christianity, (Hlatshwayo, 1658-1988, 28). Colonialism might have happened a long time ago but its results are still embedded in our society and we see them every single day. The majority of South African school text books are written and taught in the language of the colonist. Maldonado Torres (2007,243) support these facts on coloniality when he says it is maintained in literature, academic selection, school culture, in the self-image of people, and other aspects of our modern society.
The discipline affected a lot by the Marxist understanding of the class struggle inside in the state but also between the relationship of the state to each other also consider the anti-colonialist, anti-imperialist agenda of it. I will talk about some reform that implemented during the Turkey’s modernization process with the E. Said’s Orientalism which contributes a lot to post-colonialism in the sense of counterargument to the looking the Middle East, Africa or Asia by the view of Occident. In the work of Foucault, his power knowledge which questions the object of knowledge and producer of knowledge and these all construct about the
They achieve this through different contexts and experiences but the similar idea that all colonialism leads to the destruction of a civilisation in which the natives continue to carry the marks of history. Sometimes in April portrays the ongoing destructive presence of colonisation in Rwanda through challenging and expanding on the colonial narratives of racial superiority and identity. For centuries before the colonisation of Rwanda, its natives were all united and shared the same land, culture, religion. However Belgium colonisers imposed racial classification and exploitation between the two dominant tribes; Tutsis and Hutus. Hutus were treated as slaves which created deep resentment that fuelled the Rwandan genocide (United Nations, 2018).
Many colonised countries such as India, Pakistan, Ireland, Kenya, Nigeria and so on started writing a type of literature reflecting and representing their own experiences while and after colonization. Frantz Fanon laid essential theoretical foundation for the future colonial theories in his famous book The Wretched of the Earth (1092). He argues that a new world can come into being only with a violent revolution by African farmers. In another instant, he used his personal experiences in his book Black Skin, White Mask (1952) to show relationship between colonized and colonizer in terms of psychology in observing emotional damage to both colonized and
(World web Online Dictionary.The primary expectation of colonization was to have control politically, besides its goal was to misuse the colonized countries. Colonialism in Africa is wonder or process which has begun between 2800-1960s. It is a phenomenon which played the very similar role with the so called “imperialism”. However one can argue that “imperialism” is an immediate type of colonialism. Colonialism started as aftereffect of change in the method of creation in the European mainland.