The main and central objective of this dissertation is an effort to evaluate the post colonial thematic preoccupations in the African society and literature. It is an analysis of post colonial thematic preoccupations in the literary work ‘Arrow of God’ by Chinua Achebe and ‘Cry – The Beloved Country’ by Alan Paton. Both novelists have tried to depict the realistic condition of native African colonized people. Imperialism is a kind of aspect in which one country is trying to seek in expanding its power and authority by conquering other countries or by setting up economic and political dominance on the countries. Imperialism starts when one country or nation takes over smaller countries for their land and natural resources.
The purpose of this paper is to critically appraise an article entitled “The Myth of Neo-colonialism.” The author of the article is Tunde Obadina. The central theme of the article is to provide a clear, basic and well-illustrated of the legacy of colonialism and the myth of neo-colonialism. However, the article pays particular attention to African political structure, social and economic developments as well as modernization. The article portrays this and traces the development of the African societies before and during and after the colonial era. The article uses argues the reasons behind the colonization in the African societies as well as its merits and demerits.
Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships. This tension, built upon hostilities over colonization, and other poor treatment of African people, has helped contribute to the violence in Africa in the past. Furthermore, it is clear Europeans, and in turn, Americans, have always had a superiority complex towards Africans. This would lead to views of Africans as being inferior, which can lead to ideas of them being less civilized, and more dangerous. This compounds on the actual violence in Africa, and results in the world viewing the entire continent as violent and
Colonization of Africa The European settlers forcibly seized Africans land, resources and plantation. European created myth of “white man’s burden” is to show themselves as enlightened and as someone who is above common natives whereas Africans as savage, uncivilized and barbarians. But it only reveals one fact that how dehumanizing colonialism was in terms of creating hierarchy by categorizing human being. European imperialist mission to dominate the colonized land was based on three main factors i.e. economical, political, and social.
The above assertion maybe seen as being Eurocentric in orientation, on the contrary, Nwoga (1978) gave an opinion which may be seen to have been given from an African perspective when he argued that, "(...) he sees both European and Arab colonialism as destructive of the black man's sense of personal worth and dignity" (p.54). Nonetheless, Nwoga (1978) drew attention to a very important component of the impact of the British colonial system on the socio-political system of the Igbo people regarding to how British colonial system eliminated certain discriminative aspects of the Igbo society. Nwoga (1978) while using ‘Things Fall Apart’ to explain the influence of colonialism in Igbo land stated that "(...) some of the influence of Western colonialism
African writers and intellectuals revolted against the oppression meted out to them and their nation by western opportunistic colonial system. They joined forces to erase the stigma attached to the black world and attempted to redefine and re-establish their identity. The French writer Jean Paul Sartre anticipated in Black Orpheus (1959) that an aggressive intellectual revolution has to take place among African people to pave the way for the dawn of the true African identity because “The Negro cannot deny that he is black nor claim for himself an abstract, colorless humanity: he is black. He picks up the word ―black that they had thrown at him like a stone; he asserts his blackness, facing the white man with pride.” Such an intellectual revolution
Booth Jr. In the book Booth begins by stating how contrary to Islam and the tribal religions being viewed as traditional to Africa, Christianity is considered as a religion that was imported from Europe to Africa. Christianity initially did not have a strong influence to the South of the Sahara until the beginning of the protestant missionary era. Later on in the centuries to come there were chaplains who had ministered to Africans, but they were later on forbidden when it became apparent that the conversion of Africans hindered the slave trade. Once the British realized the detrimental effects of the slave trade a ubiquitous effort began on the behalf Africa.
It reveals nostalgia for the apartheid system. It visualizes binary divisions between black and white. From this it becomes clear that a variety of “historically nuanced theories and strategies”. It has a development to describe the specific position of Afrikaans literature in the context of post- colonialism. Recent it takes steps to describe the history of the white supremacy and racism in South Africa draw attention to the fact that its complex origin found in the long drawn out process of colonization first by the Dutch and then British, the subjection of different peoples in enslavement of black people
Finally there will be justification throughout this discussion from the literary archive, ‘The Slave Book’. The concept of the African Diaspora highlights the unnatural movement of people away from their homeland. Furthermore, it is a term which speaks of all the distinguishing factors which have encouraged unnatural movement and therefore, dispersal of people. A distinguishing contributor in terms of the Diaspora was the slave trade. The slave route began in Africa.
2. Comparison of Purpose 2.1. Achebe: To Denounce Heart of Darkness Chinua Achebe is considered as the man who redefined our way of reading Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. Indeed, while focusing on the description of Africa and its people, the Nigerian writer laid serious charges against it for its racist stereotypes and highlighted the colonizer’s oppression on the natives. In truth, even after thirty-four years of his first delivered public lecture “An image of Africa”, excoriating the book, he spoke again against it in an interview with Robert Siegel where it seems that, for him, the novella is the product of “a seductive writer and who could pull his reader into the fray.” Thus, he wanted to disclose the truth about its hidden intentions so that the reader would not be fooled by its tricky writing style.