The legacy of Eurocentrism that endured in African countries like Sudan. The role of Atlantic slave trade in the development of European economy and the catastrophic impact it had on Africa. The slave trade is an example of extreme oppression and racism. Over time slavery became associated with the dark skin of Africans, which led to the colonists feeling superior. The Eurocentric belief had led the Europeans to exploit the African slaves to adapt to the western way.
As mentioned in the previous paragraphs Hog and Hominy focuses on Soul Food, and From Creole to African focuses on the changing identities of the Creoles. They both start in Africa and explain how they changed after they were introduced to the Americas. In addition, it is likely that neither Soul Food nor Creoles would have existed if creolization had not occurred. The main difference between how they are organized is that Hog and Hominy stops during the 1980’s, while From Creole to African ends during the Colonial
Narrative Chapter One Olaudah Equiano’s Interesting Narrative, is a special case of literature history. Years before the writings of Fredrick Douglass, it spoke of the horrible truths of slavery to persuade its readers to listen to its reason. Though Equiano’s authenticity to his story being that of his own life can be questionable at times, his writings still strive for the greater purpose of “promoting the interest of humanity” (688). Equiano starts the first chapter and the beginning of his story explaining the life he had in Africa. Knowing his audience will be that of white Europeans and Americans, he debunks the harsh prejudice that is presume on the continent.
Coloniality of power is a concept/phrase originally coined by Anibal Quijano. The concept itself refers to interconnecting the practices and legacies of European colonialism in social orders and forms of knowledge. More specifically, it describes the lasting legacy of colonialism within modern society in the form of social and racial discrimination that has been incorporated into today’s social orders. Furthermore, it identifies the racial, political and social hierarchies enforced by European colonialists in Latin America that gave value to certain people while marginalizing others. Quijano’s main argument is based around the notion that the colonial structure of power created a class system, where Spaniards and other light skinned ethnicities
Africa continued to suffer over time reaching to modern times where parts of it are considered developing countries. The effects of the Berlin Conference are felt today, for “If Africa’s resources were used in her own development they would place Africa among the most modernised continents of the world. But Africa’s wealth is used for the development of overseas interests” (Pheko). The effects of the Berlin Conference have had lasting effects on the economic culture causing Africans to struggle as a developing country. The economic culture in Africa today is still based on events such as the Berlin
Decolonization a process of undoing the benefits of colonialism leads to Africanization a process through which the liberalized Africans becomes conscious to what it means to be a Black person. In South African context, these two process results in the South African society being interpreted through the lens of Marxist political economy, that is mostly concerned with the analysis of the class dynamics of homeland independence and the opportunities that this process fostered for political control and capital accumulation by new and existing elites (Letsekha,2013). The process of decolonization and Africanization also helps in the development of such theories as empowerment theory, class conflict theory and black consciousness in that these theories speaks to a common theme of the complete freedom of black people from white oppression. The different ways through which these theories contribute to decolonization and Africanization are to be further explored in detail in the essay that
1. Freedom was part of the colonial project and one of the most important justifications for the imperial occupation of Africa. The African continent was seen as an space of cruel slave domination. The slavery was understood as savagery, and the freedom as the main characteristic of the civilized world. Despite those interpretation, the relationship between freedom and slavery was less clear on the East African coast: ties originated from kinship and serfdom had a different meaning in this space.
The modernity of African society is a product of past urbanization, westernization and industrialization, developments which were particularly substantial during the periods of colonization of African land, when change and evolution was forced upon the native people (Seekings, 2018). Various forms of exclusion and oppression are evident in modern African society, crumbs left behind from a past of the likes of white supremacy; slavery; and the results of sudden drastic economic inclines and declines. Colonization was the process that acted as the initiation of the formation of several social divisions, these divisions still presenting themselves within African society. Some of the most notable of these groupings, which shall be further discussed, include the race divide, the class divide and the culture divide. It is very often the case that these divisions are coalesced, connected in some way or another.
But the events of Xenophobia was an indication that Africans have lost touch with the traditional African values. Ubuntu is, in the modern day African societies, just a theoretical fairy-tale, its’s written in books, thesis of African theology, but it’s not being put into practised. Meredith (2016:10) states that the basic cultural values in traditional African societies are manifestations of African humanism, he further states that African values systems are in Africa and should stay in Africa. I completely concur with his statement but the problem is that, these values, in as much as there are there and are known to African but they’re not being put into practice. How long has the song of “Africa unite” been sang but no transformation seemed to taken place.
Thesis: My thesis will revolve around two critics; Chinua Achebe and Caryl Phillips and their critical reception of Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. The focus will be on the two postcolonial writers regarding their history; a history of suffering because of their skin color and their experience of being confronted to a new society and the impact of it. In fact, the Nigerian writer experienced colonialism under the British rule and its consequences. The Kittitian writer, on the other hand, belongs to the second generation of immigrants in Britain and experienced the feeling of being an outsider and understood the fragility of identity. This may explain why the two men have different opinions and differ in their interpretation of Conrad’s novella.