The European colonies have played an important role in moulding the African social, economic and cultural existence. Imperialism is considered as the source of colonization and post colonialism in the history of the African nations. Imperialism emerges out as a strong hold in most the colonized nations before Europeans has come to the colonized countries. Imperialism, Colonialism and Post colonialism are the most frequently used terminology of the last centuries. The task of the writers is to present the realistic approach of the ruler and exploitation of the native black African
Prior to European colonization, Africa consisted of many different cultures and ethnicities. While some cultures were having issues creating and maintaining a stable living environment others were creating villages to house their families and planting crops to feed those families. Overall, whether they had a stable living environment or not, they still had their freedom. But this factor quickly changed when the British and other European countries decided it was time to expand their already powerful empire. There were three main factors that contributed to the European colonization Africa which were, political, social, and economic.
Under the great leadership of Sunjata, the Mali Empire was established and grew from a pigmy to a giant in Northern Africa. Similar to other empires, the Mali Empire expanded its territories during the reigns of its various rulers from the forest of south-west region to the Songhay capital of Gao on the east of the middle Niger bend. The empire also pushed its boarder lines to the area in the south including cities such as Bure and Bambuk. Eventually, the empire’s influence reached to the south from where important cities including Walata and Tadmekka were located.  With its immensely territorial expansion, the Mali Empire eclipsed the glory of the Ghana Empire and integrated with the Old World.
Africa In World Politics: Engaging a Changing Global Order by John Harbenson and Donald Rothchild gives an analysis of how Africa has changed from being a European ruled colonial nation to a nation that it creating a name for itself in the global sphere. Beginning with Africa’s politics during the colonial era through the present. The book provides not only details about Africa but also how the changing world has affected African politics. The main focus of this book is to show the growth Africa has had since its time of colonization. Africa has grown as the world has changed although it has had to deal with internal conflicts and demands for political change due to its authoritarian regimes.
Things Fall Apart focuses on the early experience of colonialism as it occurred in Nigeria, around 1890, from the first days of contact with the British to widespread British administration. Towards the end of the nineteenth century most European states migrated to Africa and other parts of the world where they established colonies. Nigeria and other African nations received visitors who were on a colonising mission; they introduced their culture and religion that is and later imposed these on the Igbo. The culture of the people of Umuofia is immensely threatened by this
However, the African labourers were used to the tropical climate and resistant to tropical diseases. Consequently, most Africans sold into slavery were destined to work on plantations in the Caribbean and the Americas, where huge areas of the American continent had been colonized by European nations. Products such as sugar or tobacco would be produced at cheaper rates by the slave labourers, intended for consumption back in Europe. Henceforth, I will accentuate the key events that occurred during the era of the slave trade. The legacy of Eurocentrism that endured in African countries like Sudan.
2. One of the key impact/effects of the European colonial rule in Africa was the integration of African economies into a global capitalist economy. Drawing from your textbook and discussions, explore the transformations of the African economy during the colonial rule. Be sure to discuss such sectors as agriculture, transportation, mining and labor. The systematic expansion of the Europeans which involves the control of territory and people across the world is what is known as “colonialism”.
As ever greater numbers of people moved to a small number of rapidly expanding cities (or, as was often the case, a single main city), the fabric of life in both urban and rural areas changed in massive, often unforeseen ways. With the largest and one of the most rapidly growing cities in sub-Saharan Africa, Ghana has experienced the phenomenon of urbanization as thoroughly as any African nation, but its experience has also been unique - in scale, in pervasiveness, and in historical
Vijayawada is a commercial city in the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh, and the third largest after Hyderabad and Visakhapatnam. The city is located on the bank of river Krishna. It is spread in an area of 261.88 km. Vijayawada has a population of 10,48,240 (2011 Census) in its municipal limits while the population under development authority is 14,91,202. The city is also popularly known by its historic name Bezawada, which is now still in use by the Indian Railways in assigning its railway station code "BZA".
Urbanization has grown to unfathomable rates during the 21st century, especially in developing countries. Nations are ever seeking to become preeminent and achieve this by improving its idiosyncratic societies. According to the UNDP, development can be described as the continuous social and economic changes of a society (Achieving sustainable development and promoting development cooperation, 2008). South Africa is leading this process as it is the most urbanized country in the Sub-Saharan Africa, more than 60% of South Africans reside in cities. This essay will discuss the nature of urbanization in the global South and its contribution in creating fragile cities.