The paper will discuss the marginalization of the inferior Kenyans whose voices and actions have been muted by the superior Kenyans. This paper examines the double colonization found in the postcolonial play I Will Marry When I want by Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ngugi Wa Mirii. Ngugi wa Thiong 'o has caught the attention and the imagination of the literary world for his achievements as a novelist. Ngugi decided that he was writing for his own people. The prime source of conflict in Ngugi 's work is about freeing the Kenyan man from neo-colonial oppression (Nyamndi).
The Way of Colonialism Worked in “An Outpost of Progress” and “After the Race” “An Outpost of Progress” was written by Joseph Conrad, and “After the Race” is one short story of James Joyce’s Dubliners. The two short stories in different vision to tell the short stories about the colonialism worked, but the writers all choose representative characters to let people have a preliminary understanding about the way of colonialism worked and to reflect the way colonialism worked under the whole age background. Colonialism means that the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas (Thornton 335). Through the analysis of the characters and characterization as well as plot in “An Outpost of Progress” and “After the Race”, there are three main ways of the colonialism. The first way is that spread colonialism thoughts and culture to control people.
In Wizard of the Crow, Ngugi blends satire and polemic in his depiction of an African nation at crossroads in the aftermath of the white rule. Essentially a realist work, the author uses his peculiar style and language to sniff out the foul stenches of complacency towards despotism, repression of women and ethnic minorities, widespread corruption and – under girding of all these – a neocolonial system in which today’s lending banks and multinationals have supplanted yesterday’s European overlords. References are made to Ngugi’s skilful use of literary and linguistic approaches to x-ray the ideational, interpersonal and textual functions which the text fulfils as a realist literature. At the end, this paper’s main contribution is to firmly
There is this perceived need to stand up for African and other previously colonized indigenous cultures. In this project, I endeavour to critically analyse Chinua Achebe's exploration of colonialism and its impacts on the African society, particularly referring to his first novel, his seminal work, Things Fall Apart. The Igbo society, as depicted in the novel, going through the throes of change due to colonialism becomes symbolic of the entire Africa itself. Analysing the novel closely, I shall look into the contradictory sets of critical views that have come the writer's way, where some critics look at his novel as a simple depiction of a certain society without providing any critique whatsoever while the others appreciate this very style of writing as critiquing the hitherto set Western ideas regarding literary works and their reception. I have also tried to understand Achebe's novel better by studying his non-fictional discourse on colonialism--- essays and interviews, for instance, which have been discussed further in the chapters mentioned.
This essay has discussed how within the novel Things Fall Part, Chinua Achebe attempts to restore the sense of dignity and self-respect of African people by creating a work of fiction that highlights the positive aspects of the Igbo culture within Umuofia, and the negative aspects of colonisation that destroyed the already existing culture. By analysing and referring to three episodes that occurred in the novel, this essay has demonstrated that Achebe’s endeavours to uplift the reputation of the African people pre and post-colonisation were
“Decolonising the Mind: the Politics of Language in African Literature”, written by the Kenyan writer and post colonist theorist, presents the personal testimony of an author who has fought a long battle of his own to undo the colonization of his mind. Decolonising the Mind can be called as Ngugi’s contribution to the debate on the choice of language in a post-colonial country. In this book he argues that Africa will be able to break free from the clutches of Western control over its resources and culture only when the use of European languages is replaced by native languages. At the same time the book presents a historical analysis of imperialism and underdevelopment; and of the use of language as an instrument of subversion of personal
2. Comparison in Terms of Purpose 2.1. Achebe: To Denounce Heart of Darkness Chinua Achebe redefined our way of reading Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. Indeed, while focusing on the description of Africa and its people, the Nigerian writer laid serious charges against the book for its racist stereotypes and highlighted the colonizer’s oppression of the natives. In truth, thirty-four years after his first delivered public lecture “An image of Africa”, excoriating the book, he spoke against it again in an interview with Robert Siegel, an American journalist in NPR radio, where he argued that the novella is only the product of “a seductive writer and who could pull his reader into the fray”.
The novel depicts the pre-colonial and early colonial Nigerian society. Colonialism had brought a lot of social, economical and political changes to the colonized country, and these changes could be positive or negative. Chinua Achebe deals with both the good and bad sides of colonialism in Things Fall Apart. He neither blindly justifies colonialism, nor does he utterly disapprove it. Colonialism is evil when its purpose becomes looting the economy and hijacking the culture of the people.
The novel directly deals with distress and difficulty of Nigerian youth amidst contemporary social, economic and political problems of Africa. In the words of Innes, No longer at Ease is the story of a young man who, educated by the British, attracted by much of what British civilization has to offer, employed by the British, seeks to live up to a new inflated image created by his position, falls into debt, takes bribes, is caught, tried and convicted (Achebe 42). Obi, the protagonist of the novel represents the postcolonial voice of Africa. His identity revolves round the traditional lgbo culture of Umuofia, the Christianity of his father, the idealism of English literature, and the corrupt sophistication of
Then he will start to write, first test on Africa (Cetywayo and his White Neighbours, 1882), and then quickly, a first novel that will ensure him success immediately, King Solomon's Mines (1885 ), which will be followed by many others. Besides fiction and travel books, Haggard wrote two books on Army Hi (The Poor and the Land. Report on the Salvation Army Colonies, 1905) and several books on the agricultural economy (Rural England, 1902) . Good Christian, a servant of the Empire, enlightened economist and agricultural problems, Haggard multiply missions for the government, which earned him a knighthood twice. These different aspects of his personality appear in his stories: after Allan Quatermain, Henry Curtis creates a kind of detached British colony of England, where Christianity