“The rich and powerful now have new means to further enrich and empower themselves at the cost of the poorer and weaker” - Nelson Mandela. As the European colonies imperialized multiple areas of the world to gain gold, God, glory, commerce, civilization and Christianity, their Eurocentric worldview had an effect towards various groups within the world. The Europeans colonized numerous regions such as India, Canada, and Africa to help expand globalization. As they colonized these areas, it created both tragic and beneficial legacies towards the Indigenous societies. Using colonialism and globalization the Europeans were able to take control and rule by creating a dictatorship in these new areas.
Age of Discovery The Age of Discovery is a period when European monarchies sent out ships, and found out the new sea-route towards West Africa and America continent. Initially, in the 15th century, the biggest participant was the Portuguese, who was dominant in discovering the North and South Africa and South American coast of Brazil, and in slave and gold trading. Seeing the profits, increasing number of monarchies, including Spain, England and France, started to send out ships and participated in slave trading with Africa and colonizing America. Considering the timing of the Age of Discovery, I would conclude that the Renaissance is the most significant reason for the happening of Age of Discovery. Firstly, with the coming of the Renaissance, under the influence of Humanism, in which thinkers praise freedom, equality, and individualism, people’s behaviors were no longer confined by Churches, creating a favorable atmosphere for discovering the new world.
Eric william in his book- Capitalism and slavery says that “ The triangular trade made an enormous contribution to Britain's industrial development.” New products such as Rum, Sugar, Cotton and Indigo made it’s own new markets. On the other hand, the availability of low cost and much productive workers compared to England workers boosted the production especially in Manchester, Liverpool, Bristol etc. The high availability of markets and increased production has uplifted the profit. The Englishman's structure and mentality of slaves gave confidence to Englishmen that the workers are never going to Unite and fight for freedom which encouraged englishmen to exploit them more. The high profit and its accumulation was the first stage of industrialization.
The Spanish exploration and colonisation made both a positive and negative impact on Latin America. The arrival of the Spanish explorers to the new world made a big change and they are the reason Latin America looks the way it does today. However these people were ruthless and were the tyrants of the new world. One of Spain’s major foreign policy objectives since the advent of democracy has been to increase its influence in Latin America. Spain has had interest in this area due to historical ties and a common linguistic, cultural and religious heritage (Countrystudies.us, 2017).
More secure control of the land allowed the owners to make innovations that improved their yields. Other husbandmen rented property they "share Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain and the key factors are the technological innovations that were invented. The social, economic and political changes in the previous centuries in Great Britain contributed. Whereas absolutism stayed the normal form of power execution through most parts of Europe, institutions ensured property rights and political safety to the people in the UK after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Aided by these legal and cultural foundations, an capitalist spirit and consumer revolution drove industrialisation in Britain, which would be emulated in countries around the
Europeans relied on the use of new technology and Henry the Navigator to expand trade around the world. One way that helped the Europeans expand trade around the world was technology. The marine chronometer was an important piece of technology. Marine chronometer was a specialized clock for finding longitude at
European imperialism rapidly increased in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries due to economic, political, and social forces. Technology from the industrial revolution started and advanced the desire for more control that European nations obtained. Economic forces such as “survival of the fittest”, political forces like powers of the government and wars, and also social forces such as segregation of races all contributed to imperialism. Political factors played the strongest part in spreading and increasing imperialism. In Focus on World History: The Era of the First Global Age and Revolution by Phan Thanh Gian, the french imperialism was explained.
The East India Company’s interest in Indian trade promoted their desire to colonize different economically advanced regions of India. India and other regions of southwestern Asia were originally under control of the Mughal Empire, and by the early 1600’s the empire had developed military dominance, wealth, and an abundance of Indian artisans. The empire’s artisans were yearned for all over the world for their ability to produce large amounts of high quality products. Anything the British produced was overshadowed by the Mughal empire’s artisans and this fact sparked Britain’s interest in Indian trade. In the early 17th century, members belonging to the East India Company traveled for the first time to the Mughal Court to negotiate trading relations with the empire (Major).
Introduction In the history of humanity, humans have always tried to interact over long distance for economical purpose or for cultural and knowledge exchange. In both 16th and 17th century the Europeans made important discoveries, the discovery of the new world is the most important one as it opened the transatlantic travel and commerce. After that, global movement of goods, ideas, knowledge and people expanded in a significant way. Early in the 19th century, the development of new technologies and form of transportation eased the exchange of products, ideas, knowledge and people. The 20th century is the one that really lunched the world in a new era of communication and transportation thanks to the technical and technological discoveries
From the novel Child of All Nations, Pramoedya Ananta Toer has depicted a great story that gives the readers a clear picture of the European imperialism period in Asia particularly Indonesia. According to the Oxford dictionary, imperialism means "a policy of extending a country’s power and influence through colonization, use of military force, or other means". The main purpose for imperialism in the twentieth century was to exploit the raw materials and natural resources for industries. This is because in the late 18th century, the economy in Europe and America changed drastically due to the Industrial Revolution in Britain where the operations of the market had been modernised. Due to the superiority that the European and American felt of the industrialisation, it has influenced political order and led to the colonisation of Africa and Asia countries.