The Industrial Revolution left many Europeans unemployed, in poverty, or homeless (Iweriebor). Africa offered a beautiful piece of land with an abundant amount of raw materials and vast riches (Nardo 8). In fact, the continent is one of the world’s richest in terms of natural resources (Dudley 16). European countries were attracted to the wealth that these materials could bring to them. They were hopeful that by making a profit out of Africa, they could escape depression.
What was the driving force behind European Imperialism in Africa? Between 1500 and 1800 the Europeans knew little about the interior of Africa their presence was to buy and sell slaves for pots, cloth, and weapons and set sail to America. Late as 1870 ten percent of Africa was under Europeans control and most was along edges by 1914 ninety percent of Africa was in control four years later. Due to the countries that held African colonies in 1914 that involved the British, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spain, and Belgian. France and Britain were the main conquer in African colonies, because there conqueror of land in Africa.
Some of the things that caused the Scramble for Africa were, end of the slave trade, capitalism, and medical reasons. Economically this occurred because Africa is rich in resources such as gold, diamond, and other minerals. So basically what this “Scramble for Africa” was the competition between European powers for colonies in Africa. The availability of raw materials and labor meant that most of Africa was invaded and divided up. The Berlin Conference of 1884 regulated European colonization
During the 1800’s there was a race to claim the abundant resources in Africa and to force imperialism in the colonies. Before these European countries used the west coast of Africa for gold, slaves, and ivory they did not travel into the inside of Africa due to malaria and other tropical diseases until the 1800’s. So what exactly was the reason for European imperialism in Africa? The biggest reasons for imperialism in Africa are the vast and abundant resources available, nationalism, and the industrial revolution. National pride caused the need to expand their countries and become better than the other European countries.
Over time, political and economic structures in Africa have changed continuously. Having been colonized repeatedly in the 1800s, Africa’s structures have changed due to colonization and were faced with challenges as many of the natural resources, which had provided income and structural support, were taken away. Africa’s political and economic structure, prior to the Europeans invasion, consisted of small states that had a structure of government set up by chiefs for the society. The more powerful states contained more wealth through the creation of trade routes to the European nations. While the Sultans or kings were the ones who had an elevated status.
Why Was There So Much Imperialism Going On European’s taking control over Africa in a new way, called imperialism! Africa definitely changed from the European imperialism but it also benefited from it. Of course not in a fantastic way most of the time. The driving force behind European imperialism in Africa was a serious matter back in the 19th century that changed it for the better, even if it did cause a lot of controversy. Multiple European countries were fighting/competing for African territory.
This later on had to do with the controlling portions of Africa. “In the late 1800’s tension had arisen during the battle for Africa, when the other countries such as France, Germany, and Britain had secured the remaining of the continent.” During this time imperialism was also a part of nationalism course. Imperialism Started many wars and was the cause of the of numerous different wars, such as France and
“African countries were forced to grow according to the whims and preferences of their colonial master.” This meant that the Europeans were superior over the Africans; this enabled them to easily conquer huge areas of land. Due to fact that almost all of Africa was colonized, millions of people were displaced from their homes. When European imperialist came to settle on African land, the indigenous people were forced to leave their land. Some people as slaves were shipped to other
What was the Driving Force Behind European Imperialism in Africa? Imagine America’s population had outgrown its available jobs and people began to become frustrated with their own government. Also, surrounding nations were growing with the potential of becoming a threat to America’s sovereignty. This is the situation that Great Britain and other European nations began to face in the 19th century. To solve the economic and political problems facing Great Britain, their government decided to expand their nation into foreign territories.
Pride was one of the leading factors of Imperialism in Africa; Europeans wanted to express their power by taking over different African colonies. Germany, like the other big European colonies, focused on that power as a whole. “Should the New German Reich wish to prove and maintain it’s… position of power… It will have to take up the same culture-mission and delay