He is then portrayed as a true Englishman who really loved to increase the English territory and its autonomy. He is the figure of English imperialism, capitalism and more especially colonialism. According to Wolfgang Reinhard colonialism in terms of a history of ideas constitutes a developmental differential due to the control of one people by an alien or foreign one (2008:1). Colonialism is not limited to a specific time or place. However, in the sixteenth century, colonialism changed decisively because of technological developments in navigation that began to connect more remote parts of the world.
Panicked,European empires,like Spain and Portugal started financing trips,specifically to India where they had the largest diversity of food,animals and spices known at that time. Once a certain fellow named Christopher Columbus found Hispaniola (modern day Cuba),every European empire reaped the monumental economic benefits that was provided by the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange promoted trade,specifically the trade of agricultural commodities. It integrated many parts of the world,supplying items to nations that needed goods,and sold items on the marketplace when there was a strong demand.The Dutch were a prime example of nations that benefited from trade,as they assumed control of international trade.In the 50 year period in ,Dutch Conglomerate, Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie(The Dutch East India Company)held an iron hand on trade,and the people of the Netherlands benefited immensely.Trade led to economic prosperity for many Dutch citizens,and fueled economic activity in the empire,leading the Dutch empire to be able to be as powerful as their rival,the British Empire.The Dutch is just a singular example of how trade strengthened many European empires as they profited off trade,helped stimulate economic activity in empires that needed it and help create high-paying jobs for the citizens that resided in Europe. Agriculture was another economic sector that benefited from the Columbian Exchange ,as the influx of newly discovered agricultural items flooded the marketplace,leaving farmers very wealthy.
“The Europeans took Melaka in 1511 and on the next year arrived in Maluku” (Planet, Lonely). One by one, islands in Indonesia were taken by the Europeans. The Europeans conquered areas all over and took resources such as Tobacco, Papaya, Sweet Potato, and Nutmeg. The Europeans grew rich because resources like Nutmeg and cloves were on global demand. “The majority of Java’s land turned into a Dutch plantation area” (Planet, Lonely).
Frederick Ezekiel R. Pasco – 11503505 A61 “Undeniable Truth: The Global Implications of Colonialism” European colonialism had a “wider coverage than other colonialisms” and as such, it takes into consideration the amount of influence that it dealt to the rest of the world. With the beginnings of capitalism in Europe due to the industrial revolution and with the help of colonialism as the medium of spreading the ideologies which greatly influenced the world “we” live in today. Furthermore, the rise of racial hierarchy and systems came forth from the division of labour within Europe that later spread and applied unto Africa which reflects the reason why discrimination and classifications are apparent when people view other people from across
There, labour was needed and labour was available but in different places. The need for labour sprang from the inherent demographic difference between the Americas and South Asia, from the impact of European expansion and from the specific labor tasks that the colonists required. The Atlantic slave trade paid much attention to the role of the slave trade in British North America and West Indian colonies. According to Kenneth Morgan (2007: 18) “the transatlantic slave trade was an important business enterprise within the British Empire for nearly a century and a half, from the restoration of the Stuart monarchy in 1660 until the trade was abolished in 1807”. In this period the slave trade and its capital turnover made a substantial contribution to the economic development of the British Empire.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE INDONESIAN SPICE TRADE The development of the spice trade in Indonesia has impacted global trade in a meaningful and significant way. Spices are a way of life and are used to capture the cultural diversity of agricultural products available in the wealthy islands of Indonesia. Almost every country is envious to obtain the unique variety of condiments that brings Indonesian culinary dishes to a whole new level. The first trading routes in Indonesia were originally influenced from the cultural and traditional expressions of the Indians, Chinese and Southeast Asians. Since Indonesia was an individual yet prosper country with an abundant number of islands, many foreign merchants and traders sought to visit the land as to share
Modern China is an urbanized, consumerist, burgeoning world power that has created a crude oil bridge to the Middle East. The subtext to modern China is that there will invariably be conflict with the likes of the USA-due to conflicting interests-but the extent of this conflict remains to be seen. Another issue which arises from this newfound hyper-urbanization is that mass discrimination is pervasive in China. People are generally classified by their housing status, or ‘hukou’, which indicates the various mannerisms, speech and idiosyncrasies of an individual based on their geographical foundation7. The hukou status is carried with the individual and prejudice is borne out of it, with many people who are native to the urban areas exercising hostility toward said individuals.
Introduction: The British civilization consisted of many countries including my own which is Bahrain; the kingdom of Bahrain was declared and recognized as an independent country in 1913 after the signing of the British treaty. However, it was still under the protection of the British. Below I will discuss how this action and how it impacted the kingdom in its trade and it made use of its strategic location. Discussing this topic, I plan to engage with friends and family to further expand my knowledge and I will also mention what I have learnt throughout this personal research. Historical changes between 1800s to late 1900s: Bahrain being positioned in a strategic location within the gulf region made it vulnerable target and highly in danger
Secondly, security problems such ad riot, strikes and civil disorder that been faced by Singapore for several years. Hence, by joining Malaysia, Singapore will become a larger federation with stable politics that eventually will attract foreign entrepreneurs to invest and do business here in Singapore. Unfortunately, Singapore was expelled from Malaysia on 9th August 1965. Singapore’s most obvious reason for been expulsed were due to their challenge against some important areas in the ground rules that govern Malaysian politics during 1963; (i) the special position of the Malays, (ii) the monarchical system and (iii) the use of Malay language as the national language. On top of that, Singapore also perceived that there was a racial inequality practice by Malaysian government with Malay dominance (Lee, 1991).
Without any doubt, the colonial masters in the past apparently imposed their influence on the architectural development of the nation. In addition, Malaysia is a multiracial nation with a population mostly made up of Malays, Chinese, Indians and other smaller communities. Therefore, its architectural development is largely influenced by different cultures. The migration of Chinese and Indians in colonial times was influenced by the determination to seek economic status and political role. Culture, customs and traditions of these immigrants have an impact on local architecture of the developing nation.