Chinua Achebe’s 1958 literary classic, Things Fall Apart (Achebe, 1958), is renowned for its authentic account of the black African experience. Set in post-colonial Nigeria, the fictional novel discusses the cultural roots of the Igbos and follows the life of the tragic hero, Okonkwo. This acclaimed novel deals with strong patriarchal ideals of masculinity within the Igbo culture and how Okonkwo is a direct manifestation of this. Achebe depicts the relationship between masculinity and both male and female characters, and how this, in turn, has an effect on Okonkwo’s relationships. The strongest relationship in the novel is between father (Okonkwo) and daughter (Ezinma); their bond is strong because Ezinma is everything Okonkwo would want in a son.
The White Tiger, winner of the 40th man Booker prize, is the debut novel of Aravind Adiga. It is narrated by Balram Halwai, son of a rickshaw-puller, born in the village of Laxmangarh. He as such belongs to the marginalized and unprivileged section of the society. However, he has got a venturing approach towards life and as a result he stands on a vantage position to comment In and analyze the predicaments that are a part and parcel of the Indian Society. His is an idiosyncratic point of view and narration.
He viewed his literary and scholarly concerns as autonomous but complementary and as necessary for his spiritual equilibrium and artistic creativity. His works of fiction were written in Romanian, and his major scholarly works were written in French; some 35 of his books have been published in English. Eliade wrote many popular books, his most ambitious and challenging novel is Noaptea de Sânziene (1955; Forêt interdite), which he considered his literary masterpiece and is the focus of this paper. The novel takes place between 1936 and 1948 and includes some of Eliade’s views on the historical tragedy and destiny of the Romanian people. It also reveals Eliade’s key mythical and symbolic trans-historical structures and meanings and the central belief that religious meanings are hidden and camouflaged in contemporary
The debut novel by Aravind Adiga, “The White Tiger” was published in 2008, has won the Man Book Prize and was named New York Times Bestseller in its first year of publication. Adiga shows the readers the not so exotic side of India, which has emerged since the end of the British domination in 1974, including murder, injustice and corruption. It shows the class struggle of a poor Indian boy named Balram Halwai, who wants to become an entrepreneur. The novel is entirely narrated through letters between Balram and the Premier of China who will be visiting India in the near future. In this novel it is palpable that men and women are not equal at all in India.
Contemporary writers explore wide range of areas including globalization, power politics, post colonialism, haves and have not’s and political imperialism. Aravind Adiga is an Indian writer who won 2008 Man Booker prize for his debut novel The White Tiger. He was born in 23rd October 1974 in Madras to Dr. K.Madhava Adiga and Usha Adiga. He grew up in Mangalore and did his schooling in St.Aloysius High School and Canada High
Aravind Adiga’s novel, The White Tiger, narrates the story of Balram Halwai, the boy who climbed the social ladder by destroying all the higher powers and forces over him, including his oppressors. The novel itself is a picaresque novel which features the ups and downs faced by Balram Halwai in his life. He was an Indian man who was born in the village of Laxmangarh and belonged to a very poor and extended family. The entire novel is narrated through letters written by him to the Premier of China, Wen Jiabao, who would soon be visiting India. The early life of Balram is largely a tale of poverty and oppression.
The Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian for winning the Noble Prize for his remarkable poem Gitanjali which deal with the condition of human beings, emotions, social norms and revolution and also who wrote prose, fiction, poem songs and critic of life and literature. He translated his Bengali works into English.The nineteenth century’s three big novelists are Raja Rao, Mulk Raj Anand and R.K. Narayan. Most of their works deal with es poverty, social discrimination, unemployment. Raja Rao’ Kandhapura (1938) deal with nationalism and the impact of Gandhism in lives of Indias. Mulk Raj Anand is a contemporary writer of Mulk Raj Anand and R.K. Narayan.
In the literal sense, metaphors “transfer” meaning from one idea to another, typically associating it with a word. Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger’ is an epistolary novel consisting of a series of letters written by Balram Halwai, an entrepreneur who owns a taxi driving company, for the Chinese Premier, when he visits Bangalore. Balram Halwai is a man who has freed himself from the Darkness and now lives in the Light (The two India’s living side by side). The novel shows us the large gap between the rich and the poor, the struggle of the deprived-class and feudalism in the smaller villages. The White Tiger, although Aravind Adiga’s debut novel, consists of myriad metaphors to exemplify and enhance the growing disparity present in the two primary divisions of Indian society- the rich and the poor.
“Every man can think he is great live forever, but one can guess, From which quarter his doom will come”. -The Man Eater of Malgudi Eighth novel of India’s most creative story teller R. K. Narayan is the guide, perhaps his most renowned novel. It won him the Sahitya academy award too. It has social as well as cultural implications and that is the motive behind selecting this novel for research. The guide, like other novels of Narayan, discusses and shed lights to the fact that India is a nation full of religion and cultural pride.
For example, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie who receives Commonwealth Prize for Literature for her first novel Purple Hibiscus also receives Orange Prize for her same novel and for her Half of a Yellow Sun. She follows tradition like Chinua Achebe, also targets issues of social and political issues directly or indirectly of the status of Nigeria. However, her Half of a Yellow sun speaks the most direct attack of Nigeria and Biafra war. Her Purple Hibiscus shows the impact of colonization of Nigeria. It visualizes the facts of ethnic tensions and political imbalance and the fear of racial injustice and cultural identity and power supremacy among the people as well as rulers.