Unfree laborers in the Colonial period were the institutional turning point of having slaves and indentured servants. Slaves and indentured servants were the primary means of the wealthy in America at this time and were seen throughout many colonies. Either as a slave or an indentured servant, the person was expected and required to work in fields to maintain crops, as a house servant, or of anything else the master chose for them to do. The treatments of both had their similarities but also having their differences. During this time period indentured servants were treated more fairly, whereas the slaves were treated unfairly.
The colonists developed the stable government structure about “local affairs and landowners, legislature, marriage arrangements, and council and assembly members” (Gillon, pg.52). Moreover, the population in this region increased rapidly because there were more immigrants, and those who were Catholic and Protestant. Even though the Southern Colonies seemed to be another successful region, colonists needed to depended mainly on African labors, who were brought into the regions and caused another religion—African American or Anglican. These Africans were hard workers, and they were limit their abilities and were defined as human properties. “Africans were described as slaves and their offspring were declared to be slaves too” (Gillon, pg.
The Spanish colonies and the New England colonies were different in the resources the colonies collected in order to achieve economic success. The main source of economic gain in Central and South America was gold and silver because there was a plentiful amount of the resources in the Americas. As time went on and the gold and silver resources depleted, the Spanish turned to sugar plantations, which are large scale farms. New England made their money by trading away raw materials, such as timber, furs, and textiles like wool and cotton. Later New England made a large portion of their money from fishing.
The two groups also settled on the east coast and had conflicts with the native residents. Although it seems as if both settlements were very different, they had their similarities. Early in the 17th century settlers from England came to North America to escape religious persecution and acquire wealth. The Chesapeake Bay settlers made their wealth through cultivating and selling tobacco. The New England setters were able to freely practice their religion and led a simple life.
Education gave them the tools and skills necessary to fight England and thrive as a nation. Soon after the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776, white American men began to subjugate those they felt they were superior to. Because of this, the American economy relied on slavery - while
Schools were founded much faster than in the southern colonies, because the Puritans "dread[ed] to leave an illiterate Ministery to the Churches" (Document E). This point of view, that education was important, is significant because it was unique to the New England colonies. The southern colonies had no need for education because all they came to the New World to do was farm and get rich. As a result, New Englanders were better educated than the other colonies. Document A explains from a Puritan point of view how much community was valued.
With the colonialism of America and the immigration solely for economic purposes as well as the start of a slave trade, it can be seen that America was built more on a desire for money rather than the desire for freedom. Christopher Columbus’ and many other settlers colonized the country essentially to make money for themselves and Spain. In The Letters from Columbus and De las Casas this can be seen. In the letter from De las Casas, he says “ The Spaniards have brought to the island of Hispaniola and the island of San Juan more than two million souls taken captive, and have sent them to do hard labor in the mines..” The Spanish men took these millions of men to work in the mines. By working in the mines, the American Indians were earning income for the men who had captured them.
During the war, slavery became the most prominent issue. Black men and white men fought alongside each other. The war brought a much stronger federal government while the state governments still had rights over themselves. The federal government had to get control again over the major issues and topics. Since the Emancipation Proclamation, it gave freedom to all African Americans.
Immigrant labor also played a major role in the consistency of the U.S leading cotton industry. With the assistance of this cheap labor, the profits of the industry greatly helped the economy, while becoming the world leader in cotton production. As a result of cottons huge contribution to the U.S economy, the government would therefore regulate to the benefit farmers in cotton fields. Furthermore, the alliance of agricultural organizations to protect farmers for fair trade of into markets, research supported by Universities to advance farming technology, and the government subsides to insure farmer get paid. All of these were constructed in favor of the U.S control of the profitable cotton market.
This brought a lot of success to the English economy, and since they prospered, they became lenient towards the colonists in America. This was the beginning of salutary neglect, and eventually, the colonists noticed the abandonment from the Europeans. They decided to use this neglect to their own advantages, and they started to trade with other countries other than England, ignoring the Navigation Acts. More countries wanted the sugar and rice of the southern colonies, and this meant higher demands, which lead the the growth of plantations as well as the population of African slaves in America (especially the South). Not only that, when the English tightened up their neglect right around the end of the French and Indian War the South’s economy was the least affected.