Policy and administration of Japan in Malaya leave negative impacts. The effects were in many aspect whether in the social, political and economic. In political aspect, the Japanese Occupation has raised the political consciousness among the Malays. Slogan of Japan, Asia for Asians increased determination and spirit of the Malays to achieve political freedom and independence. During the Japanese occupation, the Malays were given senior positions such as District Officer.
The second half of nineteenth century marks a significant transition for the historical documentation of the traditional Malay economy. The earlier period before this time were majorly administered by the then colonial rule that virtually encapsulated all the culture and values that might be significant to the Malay society. During this period, majority of the Malays were still living in the rural areas where they engage majorly in peasant farming and Fishing activities. Those that engage in peasant farming were active in padi cultivation alongside animal rearing, fruit and vegetable cultivation especially around Kedah, Perlis, North Perak and Kelantan (Drabble, 2004). They also practice other supplementary activities such as mining, hunting and collection of jungle products such as dammar, rattan and bamboo.
Under the British colonial rule, there was a large wave of the Chinese and Indian immigrants came to Malaysia that helped change the demographic of this country—Malaysia become a multiracial countries consists of many ethnic groups and practiced variety kinds of religions. These differences of races and ethnicities need a long period of ethnic adjustment and it is also one of the reasons that lead Malaysians to speak many different languages and develop unique Malaysian culture that reflect the ‘mixture’ of all these different ethnicities. However, there are also negative consequences of this. The British in Malaysia practiced a policy that known as ‘the divide and rule’ policy that contribute to the widening gap between those races. Under this policy, the Chinese immigrants were focused to work in the tin mines, Indians in rubber estates, while the Malays worked and stayed in their local villages (Cheong, 2006).
Since granting independence to Malaya would in turn allow these workers to gain citizenship that they always yearn for, most of the them who help the MCP would thus stop helping since what they have been fighting for is starting to be implemented. This means that with the British granting independence and citizenship to Malaya and the Malayans respectively, most of the goals of the MCP have already been met. Since the goals were already accomplished, many of the workers in the MCP decided to stop with their campaigns and they left the MCP. Therefore, granting Malaya independence was already planned by the British and not affected by the actions of the
In the 17th century during the British colonization, porcelain and spices were found in several states as well as large deposits of tin in several other states. The porcelain and spices were actively traded while the tin was mined for industrial needs especially in England at that time. Then the British took over as administrators of Malaya and introduced rubber and palm oil trees for commercial purposes and brought in foreign labours, such as Chinese and Indians, to work in the mines and plantations instead of the Malays. The also provide professional expertise in each field. These three commodities; rubber, palm oil and tin, firmly set the steady pace for Malaya’s economic until the mid-20th century along with other raw materials.
Introduction The ethnic group in Malaysia are very diverse and have their own customs based on their culture that has been pass down through generations. The same habits are still being practised by the ethnic groups on a regular basis. This does affect their attitude and consumer behaviour in their lives such as the level or type of media exposure, food and apparel preferences, political behavior, leisure activities and their willingness to try new products. The two ethnic groups that I will discuss are the Malay ethnic and the Indian ethnic. These two races have very distinctive cultures and beliefs they practice in Malaysia.
PROBLEMS The high number of Siamese especially in Kelantan. Most of them are working as vendors and controlled the market more than local people – Malay and Chinese. Although they do not create big problems such as racism, crimes or anything else, they might create some changes to the destination and also to their place of origin. It could be whether positive or negative changes. What actually made them stayed here for years without bother to ever going back to their places of origin?
Whoever dominated got not only economical power, but political power: the power to [forever] influence the region. In the end, the Muslims dominated other cultures. One of the reasons they had so much power was their ability to travel via the sea because “ ...[T]he brahmanical taboo regarding sea travel. Traders belonging to the brahmanical religion were not allowed to travel on the sea, ...” (Rao 229) Two more reasons are were temple donations, and their power in the Middle East, “Muslim traders and their associations are mentioned in various temple documents. They donated to temples and thereby attempted to obtain legitimacy in the society.” (Rao 226) “Like the Muslims, the Gauda Saraswats and Jain trading communities gave donations to temples and participated in internal trade.
1.0 ABSTRACT Nowadays, the urban migration issue is not a new problem in all developing countries over the world including Malaysia. The number of migration is increasing year by year and as results it cause many problem in terms of over populated growth and population as well to society. However, based on history in Malaysia, migration are one of the factors which contributed to country in the process of economic and social development. It has started since urbanization during British colonial (1887-1956) introduced a liberal immigration policy. As a result of these policies, many foreign workers, especially from China, India and Indonesia brought in to work on the plantation, construction, mining and administrative.