However, European states are largely blamed for the slave trade, because of the large implications it had on Africa. African kingdoms were exploited for slaves in return for weapons, gunpowder and gold, which doesn’t compare to the millions of people that have been forcibly relocated to work as slaves. In the BBC News article by Will Ross, it is stated that “There has also been an impact on African culture”. With the loss of millions of people, African states had slowly lost their ability to gain economic, social and cultural independence, because as soon as slavery was abolished, European states immediately returned to colonise most of the continent. Ghana is a prime example of a country that had to deal with the burden of the slave trade where “the scene in many rural areas appears to have changed little with grass thatched mud-walled huts”, this is inadvertently caused by the transatlantic slave trade.
The Trans-Atlantic slave trade was responsible for the forced migration of between 12 to 15 million people. From Africa to the Western Hemisphere, the slave trade not only displaced millions of Africans to a life of exploitation, but also a painful death. Nobody knew the total number of people who died during slavery in Africa. The Atlantic slave trade Many died a slowly painful death during transportation and imprisonment, or in horrendous conditions during the Middle Passage. The voyage from Africa to the Americas was horrifying and painful for the slaves so many slaves considered suicide as an option.
In early 16th century, an African slave was sold for only £7. Furthermore, in the late 16th century, the price of Africans per person became £17 - £22 and in the 17th century they cost £40 - £50 per person. According to Anup Shah; “The growing demand and production of sugar created the plantation economy in the New World and was largely responsible for the expansion of the Atlantic slave trade in the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries” (Allyn, Bacon, 1999, P215). Perhaps the second important reason for dominating Africans is that Europeans thought that they Africans are more suitable to the conditions of the weather than locals. They were taken because they could handle the heat and humidity due to their countries conditions.
Well through the analysis of the book The Atlantic Slave Trade written by David Northup there are four essays that claim why Africans were enslaved. The first essay was written by Eric Williams and his argument was that slavery caused racism but there was economic motives that caused slavery. The second essay was written by David Davis entitled “Ideas and Institutions from the Old World” he argued that the developments in the medieval Islamic world influenced European racism and brought African slavery to Europe. The third essay was written by Linda Heywood and John Thornton and its titled “European and African Cultural Differences”. They argue that Europeans saw African Americans like themselves and not like Africans form Africa.
This left only one option in the minds of the Europeans; African slaves. It is apparent that the labour shortages in the West Indies played an important role in the development of the Atlantic slave trade and while it can be argued that this was the most influential reason for the enslavement of Africans – it’s hard to imagine that those in the sugar trade would have particularly cared who grew the sugar as long as the
The need for a larger work force peaked as the Europeans expansion lacked a sufficient amount of laborers as a vital resource. Europeans viewed Africans as exceptional workers due to their experience with agriculture and farming. Africans were also experienced in working in warm climates that often meant they were more resistant to diseases. The most common explanation during the existence of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade for why Africans were best suited and chosen as early slaves is that they were reputed as being great workers in
The transatlantic slave trade began in the 15th century, after the Portuguese started exploring the coast of West Africa. This had a long term effect on Africa because even though it started out benefiting the upper class in Africa, the long term effect was devastating. While the Europeans started to enter Africa, they enjoyed “the triple advantage of guns and other technology, widespread literacy, and the political organization necessary to sustain expensive programs of exploration and conquest”(Doc 4). Africa’s relations with Europe depended on common interests, which they did not have. Europe’s contact in Africa, involving economic exchanges and political relationships, was not mutually beneficial.
African Americans are cultural people. There was only one problem with that. They were very skilled in planting crops so settlers from the Carolinas wanted them to work on their plantations. This is unfortunate for the Africans because this meant trouble. The settlers went and forced Africans to come back to the Carolinas to work on plantations.
It is significant because it sparked an interest for explorers to find out more about Africa Berlin Conference - The European powers literally divided Africa up between themselves. It regulated European colonization and trade in Africa. There were no Africans involved in the decisions because the Europeans thought of Africans as less than human. Domestic System Of Production - Goods were produced at home with hand tools by the worker, they manufactured the entire item and worked flexible hours to the demand. They had multiple sources of income like farming, gardening, aside from labor, and could keep all the profits and make own decisions.
The conclusion of the African slave trade did not mark the loss of Europe’s interest in Africa. It marked the beginning of a new era; European imperialism in Africa. But what urged Europe to control all of Africa? Political competition, technology, economics, and cultural attitudes all propelled Europe 's colonization of Africa. In 1870 Europe only owned 10% of Africa.