Colonization In The Haudenosaunee

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Imperialism/Colonization and the Haudenosaunee The year of 1142 marked the formation of the Haudenosaunee; A year when the group of alliances was exempt of all the tangible social, political and economic legacies that historical globalization would later impose on them. Centuries before Europeans arrived, the area now called upper New York State was occupied by five First Nation tribes, the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Prior to the proposal of creating a confederacy, these nations had their own separate territories, and were often at war with each other. After the collective establishment of the confederacy they called the Haudenosaunee, their political alliance and unity were destined to indestructible. The Europeans called them…show more content…
Their system was characterized by traits like common ownership of land, division of labour by gender, and trade mostly based on “gift economy.” However, French and Dutch colonization in the Haudenosaunee region embodied a false sense of economic and political security in the Haudenosaunee. It evoked them to facilitate European expansion by engaging in quarrels with other Indigenous nations to gain wealth, in the form acquiring and trading beaver furs. When the French successfully established colonies and subsequent trade relationships with the Algonquin, the Haudenosaunee found themselves at a disadvantage. As trade spread rapidly, rivalry Indigenous groups were willing to offer beaver furs for European machinery, because it provided significant advantages in intertribal combat. For instance, in July, 1609, a war division consisting of the Huron and Algonquin, raided the Haudenosaunee settlements on the shore of Lake Champlain and the resulted in the deaths of several Mohawk war chiefs. This manifested the advantages of European weaponry, and made it seem like a favourable possession. To sustain their settlements and identity, the Haudenosaunee similarly engaged in fur trade with the Dutch as they realized European trade was essential to fortify their superiority. Therefore, the confederacy developed new worldviews of expansionism to gain wealth by the means…show more content…
After treaties were signed by Haudenosaunee chiefs, the British colonies began to impose policies and practices that restricted the Haudenosaunee from affirming their culture and way of life. Furthermore, diseases such as smallpox, measles and influenza brought by European settlers wiped out immense populations of the indigenous people. This resulted in the traditional bottleneck of the Haudenosaunee and limited the amount of culture that would be passed down. Due to the dominance of the Europeans, the Haudenosaunee were forcibly assimilated into European culture. As they were assimilated, they lost their traditional ways of life and adopted the western way of working, eventually resulting in a homogenized culture. Their strong connections to their culture, like farming the Three Sisters, matrilineality, and their native languages were all lost. Today, only 7% of the Haudenosaunee population speak their native language. Furthermore, the Dutch sent many Jesuit missionaries into the 6 tribes, starting with the Mohawk and converted one-third of the population into Catholic. This deterred many Haudenosaunee people from learning their own faiths, and has resulted in significant cultural loss. Additionally, the Haudenosaunee also changed their food habits and began to live “European” houses rather

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