After the Spanish made some fortunate discoveries in South America, the English were determined to strike gold in the north, however, they would soon find out that this “new country” was not so perfect. In the Spring of 1607, about 100 colonists sailed to North America and created an English settlement called Jamestown (Roden 49). Upon their arrival, they discovered that Jamestown was home to some 1500 Powhatan Indians, and, because the colonists didn’t bring the right people to defend themselves from Indian attacks, many people died (Roden 49). The colonist also didn’t bring enough people to ward off disease, drought, or famine. The English also made a number of bad choices, one of which was how they chose to treat the Indians.
For many years, people have debated over whether Christopher Columbus is a hero or a villain. Based on background research I have done, Columbus, to me, has proven to be a villain. Columbus forced the Indigenous people of America (Native Americans) to change their religion. He put them into slavery and abused them. They were also infected by the diseases that the Spaniards were immune to.
In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was signed, forcing the Indians to move west of the Mississippi River. 4,000 of the 15,000 Cherokees died along the trail of tears, meaning over 25% of the Cherokees died. Although they did not want to leave their land, they had to because of President Jackson. The Indians should not have been forced off their land. President Jackson did not treat the Indians fairly, the land belonged to the Indians, and the Indians rights were being violated.
Diseases such as diphtheria, the bubonic plague, influenza, typhus, and scarlet fever were scattered throughout the New World as the Europeans settled inland. The Native Americans who had little to no resistance against these diseases succumbed. It is estimated around 90% of Native Americans population perished due to the diseases listed above. However the explorers weren’t the sole transmitters these diseases. Critters and livestock like mosquitoes, black rats and chickens that migrated along with the Europeans also carried the bacteria.
All empires and tribes have things that they will have in common but they all are different from each other. Today I am going to share with you how the Inca empire is different from the Aztec empire. One of the things that make the Inca different from the Aztecs is the location that the empire is located in .The Inca people were located in modern day Peru, the capital of Cusco. The place that they were located is nicknamed the “lost city”. The place was called the lost city because the city was never found by the Spanish invaders when they conquered the Inca in the 1500’s.
Massive demographic catastrophe occurred wherever Europeans made contact with indigenous Americans. Within his The Columbian Exchange, Alfred Crosby writes: “When the isolation of the New World was broken, when Columbus brought the two halves of the planet together, the American Indian met for the first time his most hideous enemy: not the white man nor his black servant, but the invisible killers which those men brought in their blood and breath” (Crosby, 31). It was common to see a drop of 90 percent or more in native populations after the arrival of the Europeans (Than). European pandemics such as smallpox would severely depopulate or wipe out many natives of the Americas. This idea of the Columbian Exchange, the enormous widespread
Diseases only found in the European world, such as smallpox, spread to the Americas due to people migrating with these diseases. Since natives did not have diseases like these, they were easily killed off by them. These diseases ended up killing 90 percent of the population native to America. The large number of deaths allowed the conquistadors to greatly outnumber indigenous people and easily capture the now weak tribes. Some may point out that the American diseases must have also affected the Europeans.
Diseases had a really big impact on the population of the New World but along with that it affected the lives of every individual since there wasn’t enough knowledge of medicine and disease many people died without even knowing that they would die. The natives had never really experienced such a tragedy so they had no natural immunity to any of the diseases. Diseases spread rapidly because of this. Since a huge amount of the population was wiped out, the Europeans had less natives to use for labor and as a result of that there was a big shortage of labor. The second biggest negative impact was that of the slave trade beginning.
Starting with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492, the spread of European diseases such as smallpox, measles, bubonic plague, and influenza began to occur. While European explorers were immune to such afflictions due to generations of exposure, the natives had never encountered them and therefore died in droves. These diseases also sparked the Inca Civil War, since Sapa Inca Huayna Capac died of smallpox before he could name his heir. The struggle for power between Atahualpa and Huáscar resulted in a divided and therefore weakened empire, since many of the Incas remained loyal to Huáscar even after his defeat.
Also, religious officials such as priests were independent of the land and excluded from the Feudal Contract (Class Notes Dec 04 2017). However, an epidemic known as the Black Death was soon to reach the shores of Italy in the spring of 1348 and wipe out between 25% and 50% of Europe’s population. Many people who caught the disease had very short life expectancies and the disease was easily transmitted because there were three interrelated forms which could be caught in different ways (Boccaccio 1348). During this time, many people would blame each other for spreading or causing the Black Death and they would repent to God for mercy or forgiveness. Panic spread throughout the manors and people sought help from priests instead of doctors (Class Notes Jan 22 2018).
The worst infectious disease which annihilated almost all of the Native American people was Small Pox. Small Pox was an Old World disease which was very contagious, disfiguring, and often deadly. The people of the Americas had no exposure to this kind of disease so when it struck them, they didn’t understand what it was, or how to cure it. So, when the old world people entered Americas, they bought their plants, animals and diseases which they already had exposure to, leading to their population growth, in contrast to Americas where the population declined due to lack to exposure to Old World life. In conclusion, the Columbian exchange changed the way of life of people in both the Worlds.
California which is one of the fifty states of American might have been stolen from Mexico. On April 25th 1846 after the annexation of Texas American soldiers went to the borders by Texas and went to guard it. Mexico had a different perspective however and saw that the United States were crossing their borders and attacked them. This caused a lot of conflicts which lead to the Mexican American War. I believe that America was not justified with going to war with Mexico because of how Mexico did not accept the annexation of Texas, Mexico defending their land and US invading it, the last reasons is what Mexico did not accept slavery but Americans ignored this rule.
This was a really bad war for the U.S despite only losing about 1,500 in the war over 10,000 troops died of disease like the yellow fever, measles, mumps and smallpox. despite the mass loss of troops Mexico ceded to the U.S and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed and Mexico sold the territory of New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, California, Texas, and western Colorado to the U.S for 15 million
The European’s, which were considered dirty, “reduced the native population [of Polynesians] to fewer than 50,000,” in Hawaii at the year 1891, because of the diseases they brought(Olson, 301). Due to the decrease of Polynesians and the increase of Europeans, the chances
When disease crossed the Atlantic many were clueless of what it exactly was. The Spanish explorers who were exploring and looking for new land traveled diseases with them that could wipe out and entire species. The Spanish on the island of Hispaniola, present day Haiti, 95% of the natives died within 25 years. When the Spanish conquistadores