The investigation was carried out to identify the presence or absence of biological molecules in serum 2216. If the concentration in each test tube of the dilutions carried out will be more concentrated then the concentration of the test tube before it, then the color will be at an equal concentration with the other dilutions performed. The hypothesis was wrong because of the difference in concentrations due to the different measurements within the dilutions done. The test for starch was to add a drop of iodine solution to the pipette in the spotting tile. A reducing sugar solutions is add inside a test tube with 3 drops to then add 3 drops of benedicts and plane in a water bath.
Using two separate aseptic pipettes, 250 µl of LB broth were added to each micro test tube and mixed gently. Likewise, using two separate, aseptic pipettes for each tube, 100 µl of solution was added to the appropriate agar plate. After, using a new loop for each plate, the solution was spread gently across their surfaces. Lastly, the plates were stacked, taped together, and labelled before placing them upside down in an incubator set at 37°C
The purpose of this experiment was to highlight the process of chromatography. But why was candy chosen? Recent studies have found that certain dyes can cause hyperactivity in children and even pose certain serious health risks like cancer and tumors. Some such dyes include Yellow 5, Red 40, and Yellow 6 - dyes that are not only found in many foods but more commonly in widely consumed candies which are not normally noticed by those who eat them. By using chromatography, you can test to find out if your favorite candy contains these harmful dyes.
For this lab, zeolite and magnetized zeolite were synthesized and compared with charcoal to find out with would be the most effective in the sequestering of Procion Red dye. Finding the concentration and absorbance of each zeolite, magnetized zeolite, and charcoal, along with a calibration curve, the best adsorbent is determined. Charcoal was the overall best sequestration of the Procion Red dye, since the adsorbent was highest compared to the others. Introduction Pollution has increased in the environment over the years, so the purpose of this experiment is to find the best adsorbent of chemicals to reduce the pollution.
Starch solution is then placed into the test tube at a quantity of 5 mL. 5 drops of Lugol’s Iodine solution is added to the test tube. If the color changes, then it is known that starches are present in the solution. Proteins are next tested. In order to do this, 5 mL of gelatin solution is added to the test tube. 10 drops of Biuret’s reagent are added to test for protein.
The final portion of the lab consisted of creating a lined scatterplot in Microsoft Excel with the absorbencies from the standard curve data chart. The chart was created to display the linear trendline, R-squared value, and slope equation. Then four sodas, Big Red, Big K Grape Soda, Faygo Red Pop, and Cherry 7 Up and one unknown sample containing red dye were processed through the absorbency tests, and diluted if necessary in a 1:1 or 1:3 ratio of water to soda. Using the equation determined from the standard curve graph, the concentrations of Red dye #40 was calculated for the sodas and the unknown liquid
The 3 concentrations of enzymes were 0.5 ml, 1.0 ml, and 2.0 ml of turnip extract, while the substrate consisted of 0.1ml, 0.2 ml, and 0.4 ml of hydrogen peroxide. In a separate tube, the control was made up of turnip extract and guaiacol, known as the color reagent. This was recorded the absorbance every 20 seconds for 3 minutes.
Allie Fullmer C127 Lab 1 October 2015 Spectroscopy of Food Dyes Summary: Dyes are added to colorless food; there are nine food dyes certified for food use in the United States. The Food and Drug Administration demands that all food dyes undergo an approval process. In this experiment a spectrometer was used to measure the absorbance spectrum of different food dye solutions. The absorbance spectrum is used to show how strongly or how poorly a compound absorbs the wavelengths of different lights.
The mobile phase used was a mixture of ammonium acetate buffer and acetonitrile at a ratio of 400:600. A flow rate of 1 mL/min was maintained, and the detection wavelength was 292 nm (22). The required studies were carried out to estimate the precision and accuracy of the HPLC method and were found to be within limits [percent coefficient of variation was less than 15%]. Sample preparation briefly involved 0.4 μ membrane filter through which the sample was filtered, diluted with mobile phase, and 10 μL was spiked into
Typical applications pertain to the quantitative and/or qualitative analysis of food composition, natural products, food additives, flavor and aroma components, a variety of transformation products, and contaminants, such as pesticides, fumigants, environmental pollutants, natural toxins, veterinary drugs, and packaging materials. And particular food applications involving GC, such as carbohydrates and amino acids. Lipids and accompanying lipophilic compounds. flavors and aroma. GC can be used for the direct separation and analysis of gaseous samples, liquid solutions, and volatile solids.
The developing solution was poured into a tank and was tightly covered with a glass lid, and the tank was allowed to be saturated to ensure that the solution was equilibrated in the gas phase. Silica plate for TLC analysis: A horizontal line was drawn with a pencil on the plate and it was about 1 cm above the bottom of the plate. The horizontal line was drawn faintly so as to avoid damaging the silica gel on the plate. On the horizontal line, two marks were made and one was named A and the other B. These marks were made towards the centre of the plate at a distance apart because when spots are made at the edge of a plate, the result would be an improper travel of the samples as the solvent advances on the plate.
Leah Romero 10/30/2017 Conclusion Lab 3 Chem 102L In lab 3, fundamentals of chromatography, the purpose was to examine how components of mixtures can be separated by taking advantage of different in physical properties. A huge process in this lab was paper chromatography, which was used to isolate food dyes that are found in different drink mixes. The different chromatograms of FD&C dyes were compared to identify which dyes are present in each of the mixes.
The average result obtained was 22.5% and is close to it’s literal value. This experiment had also proven to have shown effective transfer of solids and liquids as values of 1st and 2nd results, namely 22% and 23% respectively, were similar thereby showing consistency in results. Phenolphthalein indicator was proven to be more suitable as an indicator as compared to Methyl Orange in this experiment. This is because Phenolphthalein the pH values of HCl involved in this experiment were in range of the pH values that bring about colour change in the Phenolphthalein indicators. (Approximate pH ranges for color change: 8.0-9.8) Low pH values are preferred for Methyl Orange.