During WWII, it was believed that many women under the colonial rule of the Empire of Japan were forced to serve as ‘comfort women’. Comfort women were used to relieve combat stress and raise the morale of the imperial troops, while not actively engaged in combat in Korea and China. Although in today’s society these women no longer exist. However, remnants of pain, suffering and cries for reparations are being demanded to be paid by Japan. In the article (Park urges Japan to resolve ‘comfort women’ issue while aging victims still alive, The Japan Times) Korean President Park Geun-hye asks Japan to ease the suffering of those affected as quickly as possible in hopes to restore what dignity and honor they have left.
The World War 2 carried many un remedied and unacknowledged injustices among the human race. One of the greatest inhuman acts committed was “comfort women “issue. These were women and girls that were either lured or forcefully taken in to the Japanese military camps to serve as sexual objects for the soldiers. Some women were trafficked into sexual slavery with the promise to work in big textile industries. The imperial Japanese military colonialists supported this act of comfort women citing that it aided in reduction of rape crimes that the Japanese army would have been prone to.
Even though prostitution is not normally an ideal job, these Chinese women were able to support their family similar to their male counterparts. Taking place in the late 19th century and early 20th century, as America established an identity with family roles and responsibilities for men and women. Men were expected to work, farm, own business essentially provide for the family. The reality of these Chinese prostitutes went against this ideal, further creating a cleavage between the experiences of these AIPA women in America. Asian immigrant women each experience similar challenges and struggles to one another when dealing with identity, race, and the stereotypes that come with them.
Generally women’s rights and their rights to be treated equal have been slow compared with other developed countries. Women first gained the right to vote the 17th of December 1945 (NDL, 2004), which is 30 years after Denmark, 1915, and more than 50 years after New Zealand, 1893 (Log, 2015). But how have the opportunities for women changed, and have the Japanese business world established a tolerant and acceptable room for women co-workers? There are a lot of traditions in Japan, and expectations to the Japanese population, but how is it shown in the society? And most importantly, what kind of pressure is on the population, and how does it affect them?
Women in the Song Dynasty This part will evoke women’s life and rights in the Northern Song Dynasty. The Song Dynasty is often seen as the start of the decline of women status in the Chinese society: a revival of Confucianism led women political role to be reduced, as well as their public appearance compared to Tang Dynasty. The practice of foot binding also started in the Song Dynasty. However, women also enjoyed new and reinforced property rights, and social mobility and political influence were not completely impossible to achieve. Indeed, there are several examples of some lower class women managing to get considerable power by providing pleasure to the higher spheres of the Imperial Court.
Asian American Cathy Song drew closer to her Korean-Chinese ancestry, and was able to describe in a clear image of the two women she represent, one being the industrial American women and the other one being the Chinese caretaker. Cathy Song was born and raised in Hawaii making her an American by birth right. This fact did not keep her from engulfing her Korean-Chinese heritage. In the poem “Lost Sister”, Song isolates a young girl who struggles to find who she truly is in China, because of all the restrictions. The young girl wants to go to America to seek a needed fulfilment.
Culture is the one thing in this world that is truly diverse. All walks of life, all around the world, live differently in their own unique way based off of their beliefs. Amy Tan, the author of The Joy Luck Club, experienced this separation in her own life with her mother who was a Chinese immigrant. Amy being raised in America was influenced by a different culture than her mother, which at times put a wedge between their relationship. Along with that Amy was born in a dynamically different generation than her mother.
Some experts consider that in this case decriminalization is the best strategy, but it should be an advantage for women, who, no matter which way you look at it, are entitled to exploit their own bodies as they want. However, they also claim that pims, customers and other people involved must be punished, as only such kind of strategy can restrain the growth of demand and supply in sex industry. Another negative aspect of legalization of prostitution is that it can promote sex trafficking. The example of Netherlands show that 80% of women were trafficked from other countries, and most of them were from poor countries of Eastern Europe (Raymond, Janice G.). Moreover almost 80% of women involved in sex industry in Germany, the country, which legalized prostitution too, came from South America countries.
Introduction In Alden Speare’s (1986) words, "migration can be involuntary when a person is physically transported from a country and has no opportunity to escape from those transporting him”. Literature on forced migration often focuses on asylum seekers and refugees, but there are other groups of displaced persons. This paper will look at trafficked people, particularly on Korean comfort women during the Imperial Japan times, from the years 1931 to 1945. Comfort women are females who were forced into sexual slavery during the Sino-Japanese War and World War II, to provide sexual services to the Japanese Imperial Army troops so to improve the morale of Japanese soldiers (Lynch, 2009). The focus is placed on Korean comfort women as 80% of comfort women in Japan are Koreans (Soh, 1996).
Stripping, pornography, and sexual acts that are performed in exchange for food and shelter are also very detrimental to the sex industry. One of the main myths about sex trafficking is that it is a CHOICE. I can tell you from my own experiences that it IS NOT a choice. The reality is not that a child wakes up one day and says “I think I want to be a prostitute today.” There are many things that can make a child more vulnerable to being recruited by a trafficker, and we will get into some of those later on. Sex trafficking is a universal, structured, and organized crime.
Pugh claims that ‘People had simply changed their minds in the sense that male prejudice against women had melted in face of revelations about their capabilities during wartime and their contribution to war effort’. Pugh’s view has somewhat strong validity because women were able to move away from stereotypical roles as they took on male jobs and endured the horrible work conditions and pay - this helped support their country showing patriotism and shifting society’s mindset. This can be supported as on factories and farms it was usually calculated that it would need three women to do the work of two men. Statistics support this claim as the number of women employed was between 1-2 million, this was impacted by the help of the Women’s War Register providing employment. However, not all views were changed as some employers made agreements with unions promising to protect skilled men’s jobs after the war; portraying traditional views of women were still present - they were still expected of maintaining their ‘wife and mother’ role.
It was at that moment that she knew that she wanted to campaign for protection for women. In December 1992, as a witness, she went to Tokyo, Japan, to an international hearing and told her story. In February 2007, the 84 year old went to Washington DC and testified to the Congress. It was the pinnacle of her 15 year global campaign for justice for comfort women. John Howard, now prime minister of Australia, went to Tokyo, Japan to raise awareness about the catastrophe.
Another common misconception about legalizing prostitution is that it helps promote women’s health. Trifiolis writes “47% of women stated that men expected sex without a condom, 73% reported that men offered to pay more for sex without a condom, and 45% of women said they were abused if they insisted that the men use a condom” (20). Many of the safety policies in legal brothels simply do not protect women from harm. Further, Trifiolis suggests, “Women who work in these brothels have indicated that they were abused by buyers, brothel owners, and even their friends … half the woman answered that they thought they might be killed by one of their customers” (20). While there are rules and regulations set up in order to protect sex workers, many women will ultimately forgo them due to the unfathomable demand behind hidden
The master 's wife “she used to address them as daughters, so that she might exact the largest fee from those who wished to have dealings with them”(Apollodorus 19). Knowing that the mistress will get more profit from the girls if they were her ‘daughters’ shows that even though they are not her actual daughters they still would have to go into prostitution in a few years. Neaera was the women, she was also a prostitute that was sold around to many men. Eucrates sent messages to Neaera’s past lovers about the situation. One of her past lovers Phrynion came to help her out.
In the 1960’s, black power groups formed and race genocide occurred. However, California is an important place of history of sterilization. There were clinics in poor neighborhoods. Thus, Sterilization have affected many immigrants, women were told that if they don 't remove their Fallopian tubes they will lose their immigration rights and housing benefits. Some people argue that Sterilization is a protection not a punishment.