Intimate Partner Violence

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Intimate Partner Violence
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious social problem in Trinidad and Tobago. It is one of the most common forms of violence against women and involves the physical, sexual, and psychological abuse and other controlling behaviours by an intimate partner. Women regardless of age, economic status, race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or educational background have been victims of IPV (American College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, 2012; American Psychological Association, 2017&WHO, 2012). Intimate partner violence describes patterns of assaultive and coercive behaviour that cause harm by a current or former partner or spouse (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017; National Institute
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They attested that one of the most common forms of violence against women is performed by a husband or an intimate male partner who women are often emotionally involved with and economically dependent on (Krug, Dahlberg, Mercy, Zwi & Lozano, 2012). In 48 population-based surveys from around the world, conducted by Krug, Dahlberg, Mercy, Zwi & Lozano (2012) revealed that between 10% and 69% of women reported being physically assaulted by an intimate male partner at some point in their lives. Further research has emphasized that the most common perpetrators of violence against women were male intimate partners or ex-partners (American Psychological Association, 2017; Fulu, Jewkes, Roselli, & Garcia-Moreno, 2013; Renzetti & Edleson, 2008; Sewell, Martin & Abel, 2010 & WHO,…show more content…
The National Centre on Domestic and Sexual Violence (n.d) emphasized that the Power and Control wheel provides an understanding of the overall pattern of abusive and violent behaviours used by batterers to establish and maintain control over his partner; since one or more violent incidents are accompanied by an array of other types of abuse (para 2). The wheel makes evident the interlocking of the types of violent behaviours that reinforce the power and control in intimate relationship which is at the centre of the asymmetrical interaction between victim and perpetrator (Mc Clennen, 2010; National Centre on Domestic and Sexual Violence, n.d.; Pope & Ferraro, n.d. &Renzetti & Edleson 2008). Furthermore, Pope and Ferraro (n.d) explained that physical, sexual, and psychological abuse are often separated from each other for legal practicality, political convenience, and methodological clarity in research (para 3). Conversely, these three types of abuse are intersecting dynamics of power that flow through and around an intimate
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