It dehumanized numerous of people, creating them into basic merchandise. The emotion of caring was given little to none. They were used until they were seen as useless, as if they had expiring dates stamped on them. Various slave owners saw slavery as not only a beneficial empire, as well as, a religious factor of society. On the contrary, in today’s society slavery is morally wrong
The attitude of the dominant group towards other racial groups are positional: a term that defines the shape of the sense of the supremacy of the groups over other minority groups. On the other hand, the subordinate group is usually motivated by unfair treatment by the dominant group. The idea is to secure a great share of the benefits they will accrue. The attitudes that define racial differences does not only reflect on the prejudice to the level of an individual but also to a larger extent where the fear of the dominant in losing resources or privilege to the other racial groups. Sometimes, the fear could be on the beliefs of the minority members that the interest of the groups might be challenged by the existing race (Weitzer and Tuch
The oppressed are challenging the oppressive system that does not see them as human or equal to that of the oppressors. The goal of the oppressed, according to Freire, is to become humanized because “dehumanization is not a given destiny but the result of an unjust order.” So no one is by destiny born oppressed but it may seem this way because a person is born into a society that oppresses an individual based on the colour of their skin, what category of class they fall into, what gender they are, what their sexuality is, among many other factors. Therefore, the oppressors believe that for example someone who is born as black is different from someone who is white because whiteness becomes normalized in society and based on racist
The inability to interact freely with others is in itself a grave deprivation as it hinders full participation of an individual in the overall life of the community. Being excluded from social relations can lead to further deprivations thus limiting one’s opportunities. This demonstrates that social exclusion can be constitutive part of capability deprivation (Constitutive Importance) as well as be instrumental in causing multiple capability failures (Instrumental Importance). Adam Smith in his Wealth of Nations also talks about effects of particular types of exclusion such as certain sections of the population being kept out of the market either through legislation of due to lack of education. From this perspective, an impoverished life is one without the freedom to undertake activities that a person has reasons to choose to be able to lead a minimally decent and dignified life.
It is common knowledge that all stereotypes, both positive and negative, are detrimental to everyone’s self-esteem and confidence, but biases that are ingrained in society are hard to resolve. Often times, people gravitate toward those similar to them because of their bias, which only allows the cycle of ignorance to continue. This cycle of ignorance introduces negativity into the world and people are more likely to judge others and themselves too harshly. In John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men, he discusses how people’s feelings of superiority over others only allow stereotypes to remain. Steinbeck’s story follows two migrant workers, George and Lennie, as they try to make a living during the Great Depression.
Once we are careless or caught in the blind, the justice and the ration will have a loss (Dang Qian, 2012: 112-113). Moreover, they will be manipulated by the feelings and there will be problems. Elizabeth and Darcy are only one of the representatives. The origin, property, status and education, once all of which stained with the upper edge, it was prone to hold arrogance, the poor, low or vulgar people in contempt. However, the relatively poor who have the low status have a prejudice against high rich people out of the self-esteem.
Conflict theorists believe that the broad division of people into these two categories is inherently unequal. They cite the criminal justice system to support their claim. The capitalist class passes laws designed to benefit themselves. These same laws are detrimental to the working class. For example, behaviour done by teenagers from upstanding, middle class families is tolerated while similar behaviour engaged in lower class youth is reinforced as deviant.
There are many ideas underlying strain theory such as classical strain theories focused specifically on some disadvantages from different groups in society. With the plenty of inspiration and the inability to make these goals happen they considered a driving factor and theories behind different crimes. Breaking it down by everyone’s financial status for example, the “low class,” were unable to realize common, socially accepted ambitions through legal means. Whom felt forced to commit or be involved in criminal behavior to achieve what they wanted and needed in life. Those theories later were reformulated, most prominently by American criminologists Robert Agnew and Steven F. Messner and Richard Rosenfeld.
Therefore, to help fight gentrification one must also seek the causes of economic disenfranchisement. Reading this article reinforced my belief that not enough is being doing to help alleviate the needs of the poor or the working class, we as a society would rather just throw money at the problem via entitlements, grants, etc. Without even understanding the issues that are helping to expand or compound the problems, things such as institutionalized racism, the black white paradigm, minorities feeling disposed and out of place in America. These problems exist in many communities throughout the country, yet there is a tacit denial to them and it is just swept under the rug, as if we as Americans would rather ignore than confront. Gentrification is much like this, some see it as progress but to many it is the erasing of cultures that have historically being disenfranchised by those in positions of privilege.
Grievance as conflict drivers Theories of Grievance: The following section looks into the evidence of grievance and social inequality as the source of violent conflict. In contrast to the theory of greed proposed by Collier and Hoefller (2004), many argue that the theory of grievance allows for the better explanation of the occurrence of the violent conflict. Central to grievance is identity and group formation (Murshed and Tadjoeddin, 2009). Theories of grievance can be divided into (i) relative deprivation, (ii) polarization and (iii) horizontal inequality (Murshed and Tadjoeddin, 2009). (i) Relative deprivation: As defined by Ted Gurr (1970), relative deprivation “is he discrepancy between what people think they deserve, and what
The majority of American might argue that they should not be held accountable of their ancestor actions, which make perfect sense, but also needs to understand the system was created against minority groups. The inequalities, less opportunities, and unfair system of injustices of minority group had led to a divided nation. Slavery is a complicated and sensitive topic to talk about in our political correct society, it might invoke feelings of self-disgust, shame, guilt, humiliation, along with embarrassment for some