Aristotle and Locke however, have differing views on how a person accomplishes this. For Aristotle, citizens accomplish this by leaving the state of nature to pursue the chief goods in life. Whereas, for Locke, this is accomplished by creating and watching over a government to ensure protection. Aristotle believed that a citizen can contribute positively to the collective community in a variety of ways. He asserted that the greatest contribution a citizen can make is serving in deliberative and judicial office.
The idea that the people come first and the idea that people should rule the government and furthermore that the government was for all the people and not just the people in power. Communist and democrats also agree that they were against complete and total government authority and tried to remove the power of authority and that They were for a society where everyone was treated alike. Not everyone in a democratic environment would agree that democracy is fairly ran this way because of the minority- majority rule of thought, however the basis for both structures was supposed to establish the power to the people. It is safe to say that another definite similarity is the fact that the people of each denomination still question methods of the governmental controls and just how much power the people
He believes in equality even though it might endanger him. Atticus said that he is a “nigger lover,” “You aren't really a nigger-lover, then, are you?" "I certainly am. I do my best to love everybody..." (Lee 120). Atticus accepted the fact that whites think they are superior to the niggers, but doesn’t approve.
This signifies that people weighed down by handicaps recognize that should they wish to establish themselves at the top of society’s hierarchy all they had to do was remove their handicaps, like Harrison. This would result in their intellectual and physical superiority to others—in other words they would gain the potential to rule the world. Nevertheless, despite their full realization of what is happening in their society, no one objects to the system of oppression. In fact, it is the heavily handicapped George, not Hazel, who points out the importance of the handicapping system. He says “If I tried to get away with it, then other people’d get away with it-and pretty soon we’d be right back to the dark ages again, with everybody competing against everybody else.
In order to determine whose idea of government is to be agreed upon, the proper way is to take into consideration why there exist two completely different ideologies of government where both forms of government believe are born generally with good nature. Like stated above, Locke believes people are fitted with understanding ( Locke two treatises ex. 77) and are under the “ law of nature’ where no one would want to hurt anyone ( Locke two treatises ex.6) and similarly, Godwin believes that men are born naturally “benevolent to their fellows’. However, both of them agreed that there will be an irrational and a greedy side of humans. The difference in their ideologies is their perspective on human nature against time.
"Natural rights are those which appertain to man in right of his existence. Of this kind are all the intellectual rights, or rights of the mind, and also all those rights of acting as an individual for his own comfort and happiness, which are not injurious to the natural rights of others." --Thomas Paine, Rights of Man, 1791. The Bill of Rights were derived from the English Bill of Rights. The Founding Fathers and the public felt that the constitution didn’t set up enough boundaries for the government, they felt that the government would assume too much power and take away the “Natural Rights” of the human.
Even if we assume, however, that Hobbes’ state of nature is true, it still would not justify obeying a tyrannical government. Having to live under a tyrannical government that does not protect one’s rights is in no way better than having to compete with other people for survival. In competing with other people, at least everyone is on equal footing. However, when competing against a government, then there is a power imbalance and the government can use its power to oppress the people. Therefore, the people should have the right to rebel against such a government.
The truth is that through the nature of humanity, government is necessary to maintain control and peace. Societies are created by groups of people who find that living together and helping each other is better than attempting to live on their own. However, once a society gets very large with many different types of people it becomes necessary to implement some kind of government to suppress the inherent evil in man and to maintain peace and happiness. Humans need each other to succeed because it is more effective to work together than alone. This truth embraces all of human experiences because it is human nature to want to work together and this truth uses that part of humanity to justify the need for a government.
These poems and epic tales that depict them as heroes, but whose values would make the world a better place today? Beowulf is selfless and believes in the greater good for the populous as a whole. Achilles is selfish and believes in what is best for him and the people that he cares about. Today’s society is massively larger in scale to societies depicted in these tales. While a common goal to achieve what is best for the whole is great for a government, it would be near impossible for the hero, or one person, to achieve this.
According to John Locke, an effective government must respect its people’s natural rights, which he argues is necessary because he believes that people have the ability to reason and are inherently good to govern themselves. Because the boys fail to implement this key governing component, they face the consequence of complete chaos and anarchy, which leads to multiple deaths. In John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government, he mentions the idea that “Governments exist by the consent of the people in order to protect the rights of the people and promote the public good, governments that fail to do so can be resisted and replaced with new governments.” [Locke]. Since he says that “governments exist by the consent of the people”, he is saying that
In Anthem “equality” is not purely shown, but is attempted. Equality is held by shaming individuality and sometimes physical punishments. “There is evil in your bones, Equality 7-2521.” (Rand 18). Equality is being shamed for having grown taller than the other boys, something he cannot control, like intelligence. Equality talks about the struggle to be average because he knows there is more and wants to wander in it, but he has been grown to know that everyone must be exactly the same in every way to be equal.
This faction were in support of adopting a constitution that favored strong central government. They believed that many of the problems the country faced were due to the weaknesses in central government created by the Articles of Confederation. Their belief that only the “elites” were fit to govern is based on the idea of elitism where those in positions of power were considered fit to govern rather than those without. It is of no surprise that the Federalists tended to be property owners, creditors, and merchants. This group in general were the
Fahrenheit 451, a book created by the mind of Ray Bradbury, was made to show the challenges of the Utopian lifestyle, but it is also a fantastic example of the Hero’s Journey. "We must all be alike. Not everyone born free and equal, as the Constitution says, but everyone made equal. Each man the image of every other; then all are happy, for there are no mountains to make them cower, to judge themselves against.” -Bradbury pg 56. The most common idea of a utopian lifestyle is when everything is the same but, a Utopian lifestyle is defined as everything being perfect.
They believed that because people are instinctively selfish, that people would have a hard time coexisting in a land where all people were supposed to be treated equal. Though the government was created to aid the people, it was also established to teach the people how to “live properly”. The fact that the constitution was written in the mindset that people needed to be, in a sense, controlled is was and remains a controversial topic. Many view the constitution’s favor for the rich, white, and male property owners was not so much of an “easier way to unify a nation” but more of a list of who it was going to be more desireable to govern. These facts aside, in order to instill equality to a newlywed nation, the people were given some basic human rights and the power to choose who was going to represent them in order to still make sure that the people were still the basis of the new government while still having control over them.