In Joseph Campbell’s famous book The Hero with a Thousand Faces, he wrote, “[There] will always be the one, shape-shifting yet marvelously constant story that we find, together with a challengingly persistent suggestion of more remaining to be experienced than will ever be known or told” (Campbell 1). Through this statement, Campbell is describing the main idea of his concept known as “monomyth”. The idea of the monomyth explains a similar series of steps that nearly every hero or protagonist follows throughout their journey. Whether it be characters from classic works of the past or characters from new movies filmed in modern day, every hero from literature follows the monomythic outline in one way or another. It was this concept that propelled Joseph Campbell towards being a well known name by scholars all across the globe.
Some of the greatest opponents to the cosmological argument include Hume, Kant and Russell. Hume questions the notion of causation within his philosophical work. In “Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion,” assumptions and speculations of how the world was founded are classified as not true empirical evidence. Hume believed that although everything in the universe had a cause we could not explain how the universe was caused. (Hume, 1779).
René Descartes, a rationalist philosopher finds uncertainty in almost everything including his senses, memory, body and the physical world. Everything besides the fact he is a res cogitans (thinking thing). He puts forth this idea in his second meditation of his most famous works, Meditations On First Philosophy, published in 1641. This analytic style of writing opens by considering any belief that was the slightest bit doubtful, as false. Descartes felt the need for this “hyperbolic doubt” in order to reach an impartial truth.
However, Nussbaum and the hope of the Resistance demonstrate that placing politics before fear can change the nature of fear itself, and thus the type of political response that is generated. Hope is the force that reconfigures the current political arrangement of fear Robin asks us to reject, transforming it into a unifying experience. When the possible destruction of our principles causes us to be afraid, we resist domination in their name. The Empire finds its normative commitment in the continuous acquisition of power and the growth of their ability to control and dominate the galaxy. This central commitment to power, and not a set of collective principles, is what leaves them susceptible to the fear in liberalism that Robin describes, a fear of sanction and loss of ability (2004, 18).
Although the truths of arithmetic and geometry seem so concrete, Descartes continues by supposing that there may exist an “evil genius” who “has employed all his energy to deceive me[him]” (Descartes 65). When he questions how he is certain that he exists, he replies
Not surprisingly, our founding fathers were not just worried about a militia to protect the new nation, as asserted by those who say the Second Amendment is a collective right, they were emphatic that the citizens could rise against the republic should it become corrupt (Halbrook, Stephen P., and Calif). In fact, Thomas
. With so many choices in this modern era, many of us, the people, become morally lost, much like Dante. In an essay by G. E. M. Anscombe, Anscombe speaks of Immanuel Kant's moral beliefs and states Kant's idea of “legislating for oneself”. She later rebutes that “the concept of legislation requires superior power in the legislator”. The “legislator” speaks of the ‘monitor’ of a specific moral path.
Thoreau defined it as, civil disobedience is any peaceful action that demonstrates the disagreement of a person or persons with their government. Thoreau was strongly against any violent act of protest, but should a person disagree with his/her government, Thoreau would encourage that person to do so in a peaceful manner. Civil disobedience serves the purpose of giving the people a say. For example, Thoreau stated, “Let every man make known what kind of government would command his respect, and that will be one step toward attaining it“ (Civil
Another component was that of the rights of the states, and the citizens. The anti-federalist opposed this on the grounds that their rights will be quashed by the strong central governments. Which is the reasoning behind the reason for needing the Bill of Rights. The Federalist responded with the system of checks and balances. This would help to form a framework from amassing too much power centered onto one single branch of government.
History is everywhere, no matter where you are or where you are going, there is always a back-story behind everything. Since the day we founded this country in 1492 to present day, we continue to create history, but how do we preserve the memory or of it actually happening? Philosopher George Santayana once said, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” History tends to repeat itself, but with these memorials, we are constantly looking at what we did in the past to try an avoid such issues arising or help with solving an issue. In Memorial Mania, Erika Doss argues that we as a society have “an obsession with issues of memory and history and an urgent desire to express and claim those issues in visibly public contexts”
If we analyle all the events in the book “a little histroy of the wolrd” we will find something in common with the events that take place. some of the eventa tend to repeat, sim ilar siruations occur in different time periods. History always repeats itself, and i completely agree. Gombrich said it himself “...it is nearly always the unpleasant things that are repeated,over and over again.” Even in our day to day lives history is repeating itself. We may not realize, but if we compare our lives and choices to those of people in ancient times, we would notice that they are very similar.