Some parts of the pattern are crimes in most countries (e.g., physical assault, sexual assault, menacing, arson, kidnapping, harassment) while other battering acts are not illegal (e.g., name calling, interrogating children, denying the survivor access to the family automobile). All parts of the pattern interact with each other and can have profound physical and emotional effects on survivors. Survivors respond to the entire pattern of perpetrators’ abuse rather than simply to one episode or one
Literature Review “Domestic violence is any act of physical, mental or sexual violence, and any attempted such violence, as well as the forcible restriction of individual freedom and of privacy, carried out against individuals who have or have had family or kinship ties or cohabit or dwell in the same home.” (Law on Protection against Domestic Violence (2005) of Bulgaria, Chapter 1, S. 2) The Domestic violence Act of South Africa defines Domestic Violence as, “any act or threat of physical abuse; sexual abuse; emotional, verbal and psychological abuse; economic abuse; intimidation; harassment; stalking; damage to property; entry into the residence of a person sharing or having shared a domestic relationship with the perpetrator without that
They have also noted that these adults who offend choose to replicate their sexual abuse experience as a child or adolescent with a victim of the same age as they were (Glasser, Kolvin, Campbell, Glasser, Leitch and Farrelly, 2001: 482). According to Hall (1996:58) sexually abused children are at risk of becoming sexually aggressive. As these children are sometimes rewarded for their engagement in sexual relations, these children may use these sexual behaviours as a means of manipulation when they themselves become sexual offenders. When sexual aggressive behaviour is experienced, the victim might identify with the offender rather than forming a victim identity (Hall, 1996: 58; Erikson, 1963: 14). Hall mentions that a developmental approach to the occurrence and cycle of sexual aggression explains how different cognitive distortions come to
These effects will carry on into their adulthood and can lead to criminal behavior and violent practices in home (Carter 6). Domestic violence has been categorized into four main types: intimate terrorism, common couple violence, and violent resistance. Intimate terrorism is violence motivated by the wish for control over a partner. Common couple violence is when both partners are engaged in violence. Lastly, violent resistance is where one partner, typically female, fights back against the abusive partner.
It includes not only sexual assault and rape, but also harassment, such as forcing a partner to have sex with other people, pursuing sexual activity when the victim is not fully conscious or is afraid to say no, hurting partner physically during sex and coercing partner to have sex without protection / sabotaging birth control. (Waithayawongkorn et al., 2009) The effects of domestic violence against womenby intimate partners are the both of physically and emotionally from multiple traumas. These traumas can have various effects on the mind, body and spirit. It is natural to experience these, and acknowledging the effects can be an important first step in embarking on a process towards restoration and healing. Living with domestic violence can cause physical and emotional harm to women.
Certain states have banishment/imprisonment and the death penalty, and several have minor punishments. The job of law enforcement is to guarantee that citizens obey the law. Lots of people are scared of penalty and without punishments, no one would obey the rules and laws. People are used to being told what to do with their bodies, this means no sex before marriage and no abortion. There is not equal justice for teenagers if they love each other they legally still cannot have sex, or the male will face criminal charges if the girl gets pregnant.
Those who disagree if sex education should be taught in schools argues that it is not the place of school to talk about sex. It is belong to parent’s responsibility because they know what information is needed by their children. In any case, many parents feel not comfortable to talk it. It seems that most parents are either strongly against or strongly in favor of sex education classes, but very few parents are in the middle ground. Moreover, most students are mature enough to handle a sex education course, but sex education should not be
Cultural The cultural of lesbians is challenging to maintain, as health care professionals sometimes cannot tell when a patient is bisexual since they do not disclose their sexual identity. Health care professionals need to reinforce their cultural competence in other to be comfortable working with bisexuals’ patients, taking an accurate health history to treat them better. Lesbians are very sensitive when one tries to assess their sexual behavior history. Therefore, health care professionals need to be conscious when they ask questions. Sensitive
On a broader level, Claire Renzetti and Elizabeth Stanko, as longtime anti-violence feminist’s dispute, this does not mean sacrificing a political understanding of the incidence of male authority of women, but rather perhaps complicating it. Legislatives and other concern departments already deal with many of these dilemmas and complexities. Possibly, what we are not so recognizable with it is the thought that how we consider about violence can itself be component of the problem. Being attentive to claims about who is violent, and the rationale this, may be part of the
Because of the concept of statute of limitations, it is imperative for a police officer to actively submit police reports within a reasonable manner. If the prosecutor does not receive the information needed to indict a suspect, then he cannot prosecute the charge of domestic violence. This not only can lead to a suspect being released, but it can also lead to a victim becoming the suspect’s target again. Domestic Violence in Arizona In the Arizona statutes, the crime of domestic violence is defined as a criminal act that is committed by one family or household member against another (“Arizona Domestic Violence Laws”, n.d.). Arizona's definition of domestic violence opens up a wide range of crimes that police officers can also charge suspects along with domestic violence.