Qualitative Critique Review The research article, “ Perceptions of patient-provider communication in breast and cervical cancer-related care: A qualitative study of low-income English and Spanish- speaking women. The article is qualitative study because its aim is to explore perceptions of Spanish-speakers who experience a experience a combination of patient-provider language concordance and discordance through the care continuum. It uses direct quotations of the participants to explain its findings. Melissa Simon, Daiva Ragas, Narissa Nonzee, Ava Phisuthikul , Thanh Luu, XinQi Dong, who are the authors of article, collected and analyzed the data. Therefore, which makes it a primary sources.
Larzelere uses research that has been conducted so far just proves the fact that the child was spanked as punishment and not whether the parent did it appropriately. He compares this to radiation treatments being given, ignoring dosage, and types of cancer. Cancer is obviously a topic that can pull almost any bodies heart strings. Another example he uses is the fact that many people who do not support spanking say that spanking causes the child to be more aggressive. He states that this may be true, but it could happen with any disciplinary action saying “people who received radiation treatment last year are more likely to have cancer-related problems this year than all of us who did not need radiation treatments last year”.
In this context, Claassen  believes that most people with a family history of a disease have at least some beliefs and knowledge about their own risk of developing that particular disease. According to the Self-Regulation Model, these beliefs generate a cognitive-emotional model of one’s own risk of disease or of illness representations by means of which individuals process information and act. The results of a study conducted on women with no history of cancer show that the perceived risk of breast cancer is associated with the type of cancer found in first-degree relatives and with the relationship of the subject to the family member affected by cancer (mother, sister, or both mother and sister); women with a history of breast cancer on the mother`s side recorded an increase in the number of mammograms in the past 6 years, compared to the women with no history of breast cancer on the mother's
While there are benefits of mammography screening, it is also important to be aware of the potential harms of this type of screening. The most serious harm is overdiagnosis. Overdiagnosis is when a woman is diagnosed with, and receives treatment for, breast cancer that would not become a threat during her lifetime. The most common potential harm of mammography screening is a false-positive test result. A false positive is a test result suggesting that a woman has breast cancer when she does not.
One form of conservative therapy which has gained increased attention from clinicians and researchers in the management of back pain among general population is that advocated by McKenzie (1980 and 1981) [15, 16]. Studies from different parts of the world had offer strong support for the acceptance of the McKenzie protocol (MP) in treating back pain in the general population [17, 18, 19]. (Battie et al., 1994; Foster et al, 1999, Ayanniyi et al, 2006) Such investigations, however, have left unclear the specific effect of MP on back pain in pregnancy. Nevertheless, according to Rath (1997)  MP is a very useful and safe method in the management of back pain in pregnant women. In the light of the above observation this study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of MP in the management of pregnancy related back pain.
“Oral Contraceptives and Cancer Risk.” National Cancer Institute, www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/hormones/oral-contraceptives-fact-sheet. “Can Your Birth Control Pill Help You Fight Iron Deficiency?” HelloFlo, 9 Feb. 2016, helloflo.com/can-your-birth-control-pill-help-you-fight-iron-deficiency/. “Divorce Rates Keep Declining. Thanks, Birth Control!” Rewire.News,
Well, according to Mayo Clinic’s page titled Alzheimer’s disease – symptoms and causes last updated December 30, 2017, genetic factors such as your family history, having Down syndrome, or even your gender can create a risk for Alzheimer’s disease. 1. Similar to other diseases like, say, cancer, having family members who have it can increase your chance of getting it, though specific genes have been difficult to truly pin. 2. For those with Down syndrome, a gene contained in the extra chromosome increase the risk.
Thus, disease representations, particularly the cognitive ones, can be predictors of responses to health threats that determine different health behaviors (Shiloh, 2009; Kaphingst, 2009). Age, family history of cancer and worry about the disease are factors associated with the use of screening for cancer (Anagnostopoulos, 2012; Lifford, 2012). At the same time, the disease representation can cause, according to Cameron (2006), an irrational behavior or abandon of screening for cancer or the preservation of an unhealthy behaviour. For example, smokers who believe that the cause of cancer is a modified gene are less motivated to quit this unhealthy behavior and, instead, they exhibit an unrealistic optimism about their health and worry about cancer (Shiloh, 2009; Bradbury, 2009; Kaphingst, 2009; Hauwel,
Among the many types of cancers, lung cancer is one of the most common diseases that smoking can cause. Inhaling cigarette smoke that is full of cancer-cause substances like carcinogens, which includes tar, causes lung cancer. Tar is brown, syrupy substance that contains poisons according to ‘Drugs’. Those substances may change the tissue (Human body tissue is made up with groups of cells which have similar structure that are working along for the function in human body) in the lungs quickly and when cigarette smoke passes through the lungs, it leaves tar. Although, the body produces mucus to prevent the effects of tar, it can block the way of the air that goes into the body and out and lung.
Some examples are that for the past several years we have heard that polio vaccine lead lymphoma and caused the AIDS epidemic, and the MMR vaccine lead to Crohn’s disease and autism. These theories, however have not bothered themselves with facts, that might be fair in the time of chiropractic’s infancy, but now, in the 20th century it is not acceptable. The lack of true information about vaccination is a struggle to the vaccination policy. A research by Kennedy et al. shows that health professionals consider that girls are empowered to make decisions about the HPV vaccine for themselves, some of them decide not to take the vaccine for the lack of information.
In 2014, 360,000 women received breast exams, while another 270,000 received pap tests (Klasing, 2017). Both of these tests provide low-income women an equal opportunity to detect cancer early in an effort to receive life-saving treatment before it is too late. Like I’ve mentioned before, so many people associated Planned Parenthood with abortions. I’ve heard so many times, “why should we have to pay for women to have abortions.” However, absolutely none of the government funding received by Planned Parenthood pays for abortion services. In fact it’s quite the opposite.
Among young adult vaccine naïve female cancer survivors aged 18-26, 58.8% had low intentions and 41.2% had high intentions to get vaccinated. Univariate analyses indicated no differences between cancer/no cancer groups on considered risk factors. Among all participants, multivariate logistic regression analyses found vaccine intentions were associated with household income, expected future sexual activity, health beliefs, social influences, race/ethnicity, HPV knowledge, and physician recommendation, while increased perceived barriers associated with a decreased likelihood of initiation (all Ps < .05). Among those having initiated, risk factors for low intentions included barriers to vaccination and having HPV knowledge (all Ps <
Mammograms are optional for women between the ages of 40 to 49 and should be done yearly for women from the ages of 50 to 75. Pap smears should be done every three years, only after the women has had three consecutive normal pap smears results. Pap smears need to be done on women when they start becoming sexual active for preventive measures and to check for human papillomavirus (Shiel, Jr., 2014). Under the affordable care act mammograms and screening for cervical cancer must be covered in full with no cost sharing of the patient (no author, n.d.). One other screening test that should be done is for colorectal cancer, beginning at the age of 50.
Lastly, vitamin D deficiency has been linked to the recurrence of breast cancer in other parts of a woman 's body. Advancements in prostate cancer include new research in gene changes that will help understand how the cancer develops. Some hereditary genes that have specific components of the DNA have been found to actually increase the risk of cancer in men. Many scientists have discovered that substances in some foods aid in lowering the risk of contracting the cancer. Lastly, a new treatment made is high intensity focused ultrasound or HIFU, which is used to kill cancer cells in early stages by using high focus ultrasonic
Topic: The Breast Screen NSW program should continue to be offered and promoted to the population. However, it should be available only to women who have demonstrated that they understand the epidemiological evidence about the potential benefits and harms of participation. Argument: In this essay I will argue that The Breast Screen NSW program are justified for the prevention of breast cancer but it should be available for every woman aged from 50 to 74 not only for those women who can understand the epidemiological evidence about the potential benefits and harms of participation. Background: Before addressing the question I would like to clarify some initial concepts and assumptions. Breast cancer is the second largest cause of cancer death