Common Types of Dementia In general, dementia is defined as “a deterioration of cognitive functioning that impacts one’s ability to meet the intellectual demands of their daily life” (Maitra, 2007, p 184). Though there are multiple types of dementia, there is no specific testing to diagnose these different types. The symptoms and behavioral effects of the disease are used to help the doctor determine which form of dementia the patient most likely has. Symptoms can either onset slowly or show up as a rapid decline in ones cognitive function (Maitra, 2007). A few of the most common forms of dementia include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Parkinson’s disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and normal pressure hydrocephalus. Alzheimer’s Disease …show more content…
Eventually this disease will leave the patient with out the ability to remember themselves, friends, or family. It can also leave them unable to talk, walk, or take part in normal daily activities such as dressing, eating, or personal hygiene. Behavioral changes may also occur causing agitation, confusion, anxiety, or aggression (Pasinetti & Hiller-Sturmhöfel, 2008). Although there is no single known cause for Alzheimer’s disease scientists have found physiological changes in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients such as plaques, tangles, and cholinergic deficits. The irreversible physiological changes found in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients consists of either clumps of protein fragments known as amyloid plaques or twisted strands of protein called neurofibrillary tangles. These changes may occur many years before any symptoms of the disease even appear. Once this damage occurs it continues to spread throughout the brain. (Pasinetti & Hiller-Sturmhöfel,
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Dementia is a disease that can not be cured and it can continue to progress without even knowing it. It affects people's memory, the ability to focus or pay attention, communication, and judgment. Over time these things continue to become worse and worse as dementia continues to progress. There are usually three main stages of Alzheimer's mild, moderate, and severe. Mild Alzheimer's is a very early stage where people can still function by doing normal daily things like driving and going to work.
Dementia is a serious disorder caused by a variety of brain illnesses which affects a person memory .There are three symptoms stages which are early,middle,and late stages. A Person with dementia lose the ability to think well enough to do everyday activities or solve problems. It is also difficult for a person with dementia to interact with others which makes this disease overwhelming for the families of the Patient. The number of people who have dementia is currently estimated at 47.5 million.
The term ‘dementia’ is an umbrella term for a range of progressive conditions that affect the brain. Doctors typically use the word ‘dementia’ to describe the common symptoms such as memory loss, confusion and problems with speech and understanding. Each type of dementia stops an individual’s brain cells working in specific areas, namely their ability to speak and remember things. 1.2 -Describe key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia The brain is made up of four lobes, namely frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital, all of which have different functions.
Dementia is a disorder which causes the brain cells to deteriorate therefor causes a decline in several symptoms and affects a person’s mentality, capacity and how they go about their everyday life. NVQ 1.2 2) Describe the functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. There are many brain functions affected by dementia depending on which form of dementia the individual has. The temporal lobe’s functions affected are Memory loss for example forgetting things you have just been told or something you have just said so repeating yourself several times, balance, posture and vision can also be affected due to decline in health of the temporal lobe. Frontal lobe affects behaviour for example becoming withdrawn.
Dementia History Dementia is a disease that brings grief to a family if it is not handled correctly. This disease gradually begins and worsens the cognitive ability over several years. In the dawn of nineteenth century, dementia was just a clinical concept. The doctors believed that dementia in aged people fluctuated within the idea that was due to the blockage in the major arteries in the brain or small strokes inside the vessels of the cerebral cortex. Recently they believe that the dementia is caused due to the mixture of both conditions.
In summation, Alzheimer’s is a disease which affects the entire mind and body. It includes dementia as a side effect. Alzheimer’s has 3 distinct stages whereas dementia is a blanket label that can be caused from improper nutrition, side effects of trauma, or even side effects of medication or other diseases. Patients with Alzheimer’s can only be made comfortable, and well cared for to help ease the transition.
Alzheimer 's is a disease that interferes with normal function of the brain related to memory and other important functions, and also deteriorates the brain. How exactly does the brain just deteriorate on itself? The answer to that question has to do with two things called plaques and tangles. Plaques are clumps of protein also referred as beta-amyloid that destroy brain cells in a couple different ways. One for examples is cell-to-cell communication, the process by sending and receiving signals between cells that initiate a certain reaction.
Dementia Can you imagine what your life would be like if one of your loved ones could not recall memories you once shared or have the ability to fully take care of themselves? Their mind is no longer allowing them to properly function as they should, so they become forgetful. Dementia is a chronic irreversible condition which cannot be cured that changes the life and mind of the individual affected. The purpose of this paper is to inform you about the condition, how it affects the individual, and include patient centered care interventions for the patient. Dementia and its affects “Dementia is a broad term used to describe the progressive deterioration of cognitive functioning and global impairment of intellect with no change in consciousness”
The brain is complex, but vulnerable. Over sixty million US citizens have brain issues such as developmental diseases, which include: learning disorders, and autism spectrum disorders. Others include antisocial behaviour and schizophrenia that originates in childhood and continues throughout his or her life. Degenerative diseases of adult life include: Alzheimer’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease, among others. These diseases often affect elderly adults and are caused by the deterioration of nerve cells, eventually leading to the death of cells.
Elderly people need special attention. One of the common age-related problem that affects a person’s ability to think, decrease in daily functioning, and memory loss that gets worsen through time is what we called dementia. It commonly occurs to elderly but is not considered as a normal part of aging. Dementia is defined as: “a syndrome – usually of a chronic or progressive nature – in which there is deterioration in cognitive function (i.e. the ability to process thought) beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement.
I. Just imagine waking up one morning and not knowing or remembering anything you did yesterday or the past years of your life? Well that’s what people who have dementia go through. They cannot remember who their kids are or anyone around them. II. Dementia effects your memory and a person’s ability to achieve a normal everyday task and activities.
Dementia is one of the most feared diseases and expensive to society currently. It is defined as a clinical syndrome of acquired cognitive impairment that determines decrease of intellectual enough capacity to interfere social and functional performance of the individual and their quality of life. It is a known fact that patients tend to express themselves through their behaviour and expect their carers to understand this notion. The diverse kinds of causes of different behaviours are inability to communicate, difficulty with tasks, unfamiliar surroundings, loud noises, frantic environment, and physical discomfort. Many diseases can cause dementia, some of which may be reversible.
The early stages of dementia are often just seen as “getting old” to those of us who are not trained. In this stage patients find it hard to follow a story through to the end, whether they are telling it or listening to it. Often they will notice everyone laughing but won’t actually understand a joke that was being told. It can also start with subtlety of slower responses to questions.