As a result of the Spanish American war, the United States gained control of the Philippines. The US felt that the Philippines were too uncivilized to govern themselves so the US decided to keep them under their control. Although the filipinos were unhappy that they were being given to another country for imperialist rule Before America took over the Philippines there were 87 different languages. Some of the languages that they spoke were Tagalog, Pampungo, ETC. There were 7.5 million people in the Philippines before the imperialism.
In January 1901, free primary education was given and a school for Filipino teachers who were willing to teach and the recruited trained teachers in America was established. Americans gave bright young Filipino students opportunity to enroll in higher education in American colleges and universities. Filipinos came to be known as the pensionados because they government financed free education to the Filipinos. Hundreds of Filipinos was able to study in the US until 1928. As Filipino children wanted to study, they have enrolled to public and private schools.
An array of people came during the Filipino immigration such as Negritos, who mainly lived in the archipelago and the Malays who were mainly from Indonesia. The Filipinos had almost the same pull factors as the Japanese—education. Most Filipinos sought a better, a more Western education system to help serve their country better. The Pensionado Act of 1903 allowed Filipino students to study aboard in the U.S., which contributed to the influx of immigrants that came. However, as with the Japanese, these “Pensionados” were soon outnumbered by the labor immigrants.
First, many Americans nowadays have as much difficulty finding the Philippines on a map as they did in 1898. Especially people living in inland states have difficulty understanding the isolated island culture. The Philippines communication and transportation are essentially along rivers or the coast. Because we tend to think about peoples in a nation-state context where people have been a nation for a long time, it’s hard to explain that when Americans were fighting in the Philippines, they were not just fighting nationalists with a concept of a Philippine nation. U.S. ground troops arrived in the Philippines in June 1898.
A large issue for the Filipinos was that the newcomers arrived at different times, but were also in the Philippines together for a period of time as well. Based on the intentions and outcomes of their actions, the Spanish and the Americans effected the course of history while they were in the Philippines. This is proved because they each came into the country with the intention to overrule
If only the Philippines has this kind of government officials, The Filipinos would live in harmony and not in chaos. The Western thought and Confucian thought when put together will balance everything. Law and morality should both rule. Seeing this country being shaped by the Western and Confucian thought for the betterment of both the rich and the poor Filipinos is such a great feeling. I know there is hope for the Filipino people.
Building the Filipino people involves everyone. Our leaders cannot do it for us. We must look at ourselves, both objectively and understandingly, as we try to remove our weaknesses and develop our strengths. To be better, understanding ourselves is the first step. Once we have learned to appreciate and value our being Filipinos, building our nation, achieving goals of peace and social justice will come next.
Nationalism in Filipinos, is there such thing? When other countries colonized the Philippines, the Filipinos became accustomed to absorbing other cultures, which led to them pay less attention to their own. This is one of the reasons why the Philippines is known to be “the cultural melting pot of Asia.” Before the Spaniards came to the Philippines, houses were elevated and had steep roofs, perfectly designed for a tropical country. However, when the Spaniards colonized the country, they introduced to the Filipinos the stoned house, known as bahay na bato. Until now, some structures are Spanish-based like the San Sebastian Church, which was designed by a Spanish architect, Genero Palacios.
Fast Facts About Newcomers from the Philippines • More than 3 million Americans are of Filipino origin. • Filipino Americans make up four percent of the immigrant population • More Filipinos live in California than any other states • Hawaii, New York, New Jersey and Texas are other top states • The average family income is $82000 • About six percent of Filipino Americans live at or below the poverty line What are traditional foods and dishes? • The food and culture of the Philippines is inspired from America, Spain and China.2 • White rice is the main food in the diet. It is usually served three times daily. Fish is the main source of protein in the diet.2 • Vinegar, soy sauce, and fish sauce are used in Filipino cooking.3 • Philippine adobo is often dubbed the national dish.
Historical Foundation Tracing back the history of the Philippine education, it is clear that the educational system has undergone several reforms starting with the pre-Spanish period to the present. Pre-Spanish Era. During the pre-Spanish era, the Filipinos have no formal system of education. But Filipinos believe in Bathala, the solidarity of families, women’s modesty, and children’s respect for elders. Their education was practical and hands-on.