Communication Problems In Indian Sign Language

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Abstract— With the increasing need of the translation systems, research is being done in the Linguistics field and effort is being done in the development of the translators to assist hearing impaired people. Translation systems are able to convert an input into Indian Sign Language Text and then further into Sign Language symbols. Since, Indian Sign Language has its own syntax and grammar so a system is needed that can convert each sentence from English/Hindi grammar to ISL grammar.
Keywords-component; Machine Translation, NLP, indian sign language, deaf, mute, ISL.
I. INTRODUCTION
DEAF and MUTE are the terms used for the people who are not able to speak or hear or in some cases both. These people are quite introverted due to the limited communication abilities and this poses quite a problem for the current world as the number of such people is increasing day by day. The only key solution to this communication problem is sign language.
Sign language is a form of non-verbal communication in which hands are used to make gestures to convey the message. Since sign language is known to only a limited number of people, this again creates a problem in communicating with the normal people. The non-trained people are not able to communicate with the deaf-mute people.
According to the 2011 census, there are 63 million people which sum up to 6.3% of the total population, who are suffering from significant hearing loss [7]. Out of these people, 76-89% of the Indian Deaf have no

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