The working class, through trade unions and other struggles becomes conscious of itself as an exploited class. As Marx’s theory suggests exploitation of this kind will result in revolution in the favour for social change. Elster’s criticises this as he explains how at times, surplus can be thinly spread over the exploiters trade partners. Moreover, an independent farmer producing more than he can consume may not know of his exploitation status and therefore may not be motivated to revolt. One may argue that this way, Marx’s requirement for us to compare the amount of labour a person performs and the
Sam’s clone convinces him that he is merely a clone as well and just a pawn of something bigger. Sam and his clone then have to solve the mystery before a rescue team comes. The film Moon can be seen as a Marxist allegory in that it encompasses the concepts found within Marx’s ideology. Marx explains his ideology through Historical Materialism, a progress/change in the distribution of economic power, which meant that history could best be understood through class struggles. Marx believed that the base of a society lied in the economics and that the owners, who were making profit, were over the workers/laborers.
We can see that, Marx and Freud hold negative views on religion. The main idea of Marxist thought is economic base determines superstructure，family、the Government、philosophy、ethic and religion are part of superstructure, their main purpose is to help capitalist to create number of rules through ideology，aims
He also believed that alienation is a necessary feature of capitalism because for the wage earner, work is alienating because it serves solely to provide the means such as money for maintaining physical existence (p.47). Marx believed that people worked just for money –and not for the creative potential of labor itself, which was akin to selling your soul (p.47). For example, many factory workers are hired to work for wages and support capitalism. It creates a sense of alienation from everything around them. According to Marx, the worker is just the subject to the demands of the production process and has little control over the production.
“Irrational beings are a mean to an end.” (Kant, 28) It additionally implies that we ought to only take in as a maxim the things we would be willing for all of us to live by in a kingdom/world in which those consequences/ends derived to be real. Part of the Categorical Imperative means that you ought to act as though you live in a faultless community and generate your own rules built upon what your obligation is telling you to do. A Kingdom of Ends would be the general public in which all societies were treated as ends within themselves and under no circumstances as means to anyone 's longings/desires. So as an example, “no father will use his son (or anyone else) as a means to his own gratification, but only for the sake of his son 's own benefit” (KOE) Everyone then would be appreciated as individuals, and not as things for somebody 's use. It is a maxim to forbid people from using other individual’s and if they do, they are not handling them as people but as objects.
It is argued that social inequality occurs because of the conflict between the upper-class and the working-class, or as Marx defines it, the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat. Based on the Manifesto of the Communist Party (Marx and Engels, 1848), the divergence emerges because the aim of the Bourgeoisie is to obtain a surplus-value that is produced by the work of the Proletariat. On the other side, the Bourgeoisie provides the Proletariat with the minimum required, such as a place to live and a minimum wage, in order to keep the society under control and avoid a rebellion. However, Marx did predict a revolt of the working-class that would eventually lead to a communist regime. When it comes to applying this theoretical approach to reality, it is evident to notice that no global revolt in regards to capitalism has occurred.
In Anthem, Ayn Rand depicts a government that has structured control over its citizens and everyone is equal. Comparably, fascism is a governmental system, led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism. Communism is a system in which all property is owned by the government and there is a collective, classless society. The society presented in this novella is similar to communism, as the government establishes a classless routined society and relates to fascism, as the government has complete control and restricts individualism. The government which impacts Equality’s society, is similar to a fascist authority, as it prohibits individualism and the regime has complete control
Comparison of Marx and Weber for their approach about state and society: Max Weber is one of the philosophers able to explain economic systems such as capitalism. He was born in Germany in 1864 at that time there were a dramatic change in Germany in terms of industrial so there were a transitional German period and that influenced by those changes happened. Max Weber has a specific ideology about state and society. Inconstant, Karl Marx was a sociologist who were born in Germany in 1818, his idea and ideology about state and society are revolutionary. In addition, he was influenced by the Communist party and he worked as a journalist, he wrote a number of books and articles about capitalism, state, and society.
They fought a war of ideas called the Cold War. The Soviet Union was a communist country. In communism, the government controls production and resources. It decides where people live and work. The United States is a capitalist country.